What I use now?
As I’ve written before, one of the key chips of composition analysis is the ability to optimize efficiency, not just cost. I’ve been repeatedly thumbed at cheap factory-made options. Ironically, I eventually settled on the powder from the Lenta hypermarket under their brand. Average, but satisfying. All the alchemy has moved on to a slightly different plane. to make cleaning particularly hard soiling easier, taking into account its specifics. Well on the side of non-standard dishwasher applications, which I’ll also tell you about.
The current algorithm looks like this: if the dirt is moderate, we use the standard cheap powder. If it’s a breast-fish with grease dripping from a burnt tray. apply heavy options. And in the light version, we just use alkaline premixes with detergents in the prewash stage, but in the extra heavy version, we use really tough stuff like NaOH alkali with complexing agents.
What is the difference between this chemical and the known common NaHCO3, which can be added to the batter??
The fact is that the calcined version of this chemical is sodium carbonate, which should not be consumed internally.
It has an even more pronounced alkaline reaction and is used for particularly dirty surfaces, such as pans. It is forbidden to taste it, but make sure that it does not come into contact with the eyes or skin.
The paste is made from an equal parts of NaHCO3 and water and is applied for three to five minutes. Then the paste is rinsed off.
If the soot does not come off, you can rub the area with a rag with NaHCO3 on it. When removing grease, the dishes are soaked in a solution, which is prepared according to the following recipe: 3 tbsp. л. NaHCO3 per 1 liter of water.
Soak the greasy utensils for five minutes, then rinse them under running water.
How to load your dishes in the dishwasher correctly
In order to wash properly, it is important not only to handle the machine with care and use effective detergents, but also to load it properly. Do it this way:
- Remove any food remains from the dishes and, if necessary, first rinse out the excess fat.
- Place the big plates first near the grid and the smaller ones in the center to save space. If the dishes are very dirty, place them in one compartment instead of the other.
- Place the pan so that it rests on the plate with its handle, otherwise it will interfere with the machine’s operation.
- Place mugs, glasses and shot glasses with the bottom up so that no dirty water gets inside.
- Put the dishes in the dishwasher tray which has been provided for them. If there is no such tray, arrange them in the central part of the compartment.
Close the door firmly, add the products you need, select the appropriate mode and start the wash cycle.
How to Clean a Dishwasher Drain
If you notice that the dishwasher is taking longer to run and is making a noise, the water is draining more slowly and less completely (stays on the bottom of the compartment), and there is an unpleasant smell inside the machine. this is a signal that the drain system is clogged and needs urgent cleaning.
The drain system in your dishwasher has a multi-layer drain filter that prevents food particles and other debris from clogging the drain. This appliance is prone to significant fouling: grease, limescale, undissolved detergent pill residues, etc. are constantly accumulating in it. д. A clogged drain filter not only lowers the performance of the machine, but can also lead to severe breakdowns. That’s why it needs to be cleaned regularly at least once every 1-2 weeks.
How to remove and clean the drain filter
The scheme for cleaning the dishwasher filter may differ depending on the model of your machine, but the basic steps are often the same:
- Make sure you unplug the dishwasher, remove the lower basket and use a sponge to remove any excess water from the bottom of the machine.
- Next to the sprinkler in the round recess is the filter. Most modern dishwashers remove it easily by simply pulling it upwards and unscrewing it clockwise (consult your dishwasher manual for instructions on how to remove the element in your model).
- Also remove water from the hole under the filter and inspect the niche: if you find solid particles lodged in the waste, remove them, otherwise they could put the drain pump out of action.
- Dismantle the drain filter into its individual parts and wash thoroughly under running water using any detergent.
- For heavy soiling, make a solution of citric acid (2 tsp. л. powder per glass of water) and soak parts of the filter in this solution for 1-2 hours. Rinse with soapy water. You can also clean the filter with vinegar.
We recommend taking note of a few tips on how to reduce the likelihood of dishwasher drain clogs:
- Clean dishes with a cloth to remove any coarse dirt before loading them into the machine.
- To prevent clogging, use detergents for washing your dishes, which contain special components to prevent the accumulation of limescale and grease on the filter, drain system and sprinkler. Like the new Fairy Platinum Plus phosphate-free capsules, which have a unique formula that not only gets your pots and pans shiny, but also helps to keep the dishwasher clean over the long term, cleaning even the drain filter. The capsules help prevent the accumulation of grease on the filter, water drainage system and sprinkler.
- Before you clean your dishwasher, read the instructions for your dishwasher thoroughly.
Soda hydrogen peroxide
It is a long-known home remedy, for the production of which it is important to observe the proportions.
It is advisable to pour the mixture into a convenient container and shake.
The product is sprayed on the dirty place and left for 8±2 minutes, then washed off.
The disadvantage of this recipe is that for each use, you will need to re-cook the mixture, which quickly loses its detergent properties when stored.
Vinegar can be used instead of peroxide.
Where to put it
The preparation is put in the main detergent compartment, if no special compartment is provided. The container is closed with a hole for the water supply. Some manufacturers advise inserting the tablet directly into the base of the dishwasher. This may be done only if there is a corresponding recommendation in the instructions. In most cases, 1 tablet is enough for 1 work cycle. If the load is incomplete, the preparation can be divided into 2 parts and inserted into the compartment separately.
An excellent remedy for cleaning cast iron pans and other cookware from cinders. by clerical or silicate glue and NaHCO3.
- Take half a cup of each ingredient and stir in hot water.
- The pan is completely immersed in the composition and incubated in it for at least two to five hours.
- Periodically, it’s a good idea to check the hardness of the soiling with a knife.
- When it begins to separate from the cast iron, you can clean the utensils with a scraper or knife.
- To speed up the process, the mixture together with the submerged pot can be boiled, gradually adding water to it, which boils out.
Brain powder or how to make dishwasher powder 9.7 times cheaper
Now I will tell you how to make powder for the dishwasher from baking soda and washing powder. The same composition, only cheaper by an order of magnitude.
There are so many areas of our lives where our perception is shaped solely by marketing bullshit. Alas, most people do not even try to think about what lies at the heart of it all. Very often the market situation leads to the fact that itself. And that is exactly the amount that can be held in a relatively stable state as a solution. I immediately pictured acres of fields and trucks carrying tons of powder. As a result, switched to 1 kg packs of Buysky complex dry fertilizers. You can prepare a bath of solution.
Today we’re going to create an ultra-cheap dishwasher powder. Decreasing real wages and rising of imported household chemicals made me dig through textbooks, look through a bunch of materials from chemists forums and try to find ways to save on consumables. The cost of powder has become very palpable. The results of thoughtful research and experimentation were very surprising. For industrial applications, more often than not, chemistry technologists create individual formulations depending on water quality and objectives. Why don’t we try to figure it all out?
70% calcined baking soda and 30% laundry detergent instead of detergent. If very lazy to bother with baking soda, then just the powder Biolan or its analogues. Soda makes it cheaper. Food salt “Extra” instead of salt.
Types of contaminants
- Grease. The main pollutant is all kinds of frying oils, salad dressings, fingerprints, as well as greasy sauces and more
- Protein Contaminants. Less common but difficult to remove. eggs, porridge, and other similar options.
- Dyes. Tea, coffee, beets, and other strong coloring things.
- Smell. Chicken left in a container for a couple of weeks can give you quite a thrill.
- Inert mechanical pollutants. Sawdust, pieces of greenery, radioactive dust and all kinds of trifles.
- The unknown burnt stuff from the party before last. Nothing helps. Don’t get your hopes up. Discard the dishes.
Various surfactants (surface-active substances) cope well with the first type of dirt. These are chemical compounds which, when concentrated at the thermodynamic phase interface, cause a decrease in surface tension. Simplified, you can think of it as enveloping grease particles with surfactant molecules and preventing them from sticking back to the surface.
This class of substances is quite extensive and includes two main groups: ionogenic (anionic) and non-ionic surfactants. The first ones dissociate in the solution into ions (salts of fatty acids, for example, conventional liquid soaps are potassium salts), the second ones do not dissociate (alkylglycosides, etc.). Anionics tend to clean better, but are more aggressive.
Protein dirt is a little more difficult to deal with. Traditionally, dishwasher powders include enzymes (enzymes) that hydrolyze protein into small peptide pieces. Enzymes are capricious, working in a small range of pH and temperature, since they themselves are a protein. At high wash temperatures (over 60 degrees), almost all of them will denature and stop working. An alternative option more typical of industrial products is to create an alkaline environment. Many people have used a pipe cleaner like Mole and the like. Detergents (surfactants) and alkali (sodium hydroxide) in the formulation. This whole infernal mixture destroys almost all organics, including proteins and fats. Proteins dissolve into individual peptides and amino acids. And fats are turned into soap: This same reaction is the basis for one of the oldest methods of making soap from vegetable and animal fats. The main disadvantage is that it is a very aggressive medium. Concentrated alkali will just as happily dissolve the skin on your hands. Caution is required in their use.
Dyes are quite simple. As a rule, it is enough to oxidize the pigment to discolor it by changing its structure. This is most often accomplished with active oxygen or chlorine. Just think of hydrogen peroxide and different variants of “bleach”, which can easily bleach tea, coffee, pomegranate juice, etc. Mandatory in both dishwasher and washing machine detergents. Softer versions are used for fabric, so as not to dissolve the factory pattern on the clothes. The odor is eliminated with these same oxidizers because the “smelling” molecules also react with these components.
Mechanical contaminants do not require household chemicals at all. High pressure jets and hot water in the dishwashing process is enough.
Detergent in the dishwasher
The thought may seem a little strange to you, but automatic laundry detergent is almost identical to dishwasher detergent. Not to be unfounded, let’s analyze the typical composition and purpose of each component. For a detailed description I would like to thank avor from the forum www.chemport.ru. Parsing the components of two typical representatives, one “ecological”, the second “children’s”.
“Ekover: zeolites, sodium disilicate, C12-18 sodium alkysulfate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium sulfate, ethoxylated methyl esters of rape seed oil fatty acids, sodium polyaspartate, sodium cocoate, cellulose gum, methylcellulose, magnesium sulfate.
How to Clean Your Dishwasher with Baking Soda and Vinegar
“Aistenok”: 5%-15% natural fat-based soap, oxygen bleach, phosphates (in terms of P2O5), less than 5% non-ionic surfactants, sodium silicate, polycarboxylates, optical brightener, foam regulator, phosphonates, aromatic additives.
- Zeolites. solid insoluble substances sorb on themselves some impurities (may leave a fine dust when poorly rinsed) to the body are inert used in medicine as enterosorbents.
- Sodium disilicate (liquid glass). thickener, adhesive, granulate-forming agent, derived from sand and caustic soda, dangerous only due to high pH.
- Sodium silicate. the same as sodium disilicate.
- sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate are soda ash and drinking soda used for pH regulation and water softening. only toxic with high pH.
- C12-18 sodium alkyl sulfate is a synthetic surfactant on the basis of fatty alcohol (the source may be both vegetable and petroleum) and sulfuric acid. Used in shampoos low or no toxicity.
- ethoxylated methyl esters of fatty acids of rapeseed oil. synthetic non-ionic surfactants based on ethylene oxide and methyl esters of fatty acids of rapeseed oil, semi-natural product, toxicity see alkyl sulfates.
- sodium polyaspartate. an expensive additive based on a natural amino acid, serves as a thickener, water softener, and pollutant desorber, non-toxic absorbed by the body, like food.
- Sodium cocoate, a counterpart of common soap only not on the basis of animal fatty acids but on the basis of fatty acids of coconut oil.
- cellulose gum. a derivative of cellulose (wood). Same purpose as sodium polyasparginate, low toxicity.
- methylcellulose. similar, but used as a thickener.
- magnesium sulfate Used in medicine, both for intravenous and oral administration. magnesia. In powders, an inert filler.
- Natural fat-based soaps. regular soap, but on fatty acids of animal origin, similar to sodium cocoate
- oxygen bleach. sodium perborate or sodium percarbonate is similar in properties to peroxide, which girls use to bleach their hair, which decompose and kill microflora during washing; decomposition products are slightly toxic (borates) or virtually non-toxic (carbonates).
- phosphates (in terms of P2O5). water softener and pH regulator sodium tripolyphosphate, phosphates are used as food additives and are low toxic.
- less than 5% of nonionic surfactants. compounds similar to ethoxylated esters of canola oil fat, but products derived from oil may also be used as hydrophobic component (similar to alkyl sulfates)
- polycarboxylates. either carboxymethylcellulose or derivatives of polyacrylic acid (used in diapers, particularly in cosmetic gels) low toxicity, the same purpose as polyasparaginate and cellulose gum (the latter may even be identical)
- optical bleach is a bluish-type dye that makes white laundry glow white due to fluorescence, medium toxicity, but the dose in the powder is 10,000 to 100,000 times less than what is needed to feel the simple malaise of this dye’s effect on the body.
- Defoamer, defoamer. usually an oil based on silicone, (similar to those used for breast prosthetics) if it is not in the composition, the powder can not be used in a drum washing machine, the toxicity is extremely low.
- phosphonates are water softeners, low toxicity
- Aromatic additives. generally less toxic than feminine fumes.
In fact, all of the components listed are non-toxic and have passed every conceivable test, including washability tests, teratogenic and oncogenic effects on lab rats. If you don’t chew it with spoons, you won’t have any health problems. If poorly flushable and toxic substances were used in the production of laundry detergents for clothes, consumers would already be walking around with contact dermatitis from wearing such items. I liked the wording from the same forum, describing the “technological complexity” of manufacturing such powders:
And now let’s compare with the composition of dishwasher powders. Take the quite standard Finish powder. A little confused by the beginning “15% or more, but not less than 30%”, which is logically correct, but looks very strange. Wrong read) The main components. surfactant from grease, oxidant (bleach from stains), polyphosphate. softener, enzymes. protein breakdown. Here is a similar formula of a very popular Somat powder:
Now let’s take laundry detergent. I have tried it with “Ears Nanny” and Biolan. Same with minor variations. Biolan has an absolutely similar composition:
As you can see. there is nothing criminal in the composition. The substances used vary only slightly from manufacturer to manufacturer. Of the “superfluous” components for the dishwasher, only the optical brightener. But this fluorescent is present in microdoses and washes out beautifully during the rinse. Biolan Automatic does not have it in it at all. Of course, there will always be abnormal chemophobes, but let’s leave them the right to wash everything with soap nuts and mustard powder. If there are strange individuals willing to pay for it, then why not charge them a multiple markup for the “Eco-Organic” product? By the way, “Earsome Nanny” is pleasant with its faint odor, but in fact is identical in composition to other powders of our manufacturer “Nevskaya Cosmetics”. Lotus, Max, Ordinary Powder, Sarma. The difference is only in flavorings and marketing positioning.
Let’s play alchemist
Choosing a minimally scented and foaming washing machine powder, you could calm down. The cost savings are already very substantial. But we will not stop there and try to radically lower the cost of the final dishwashing detergent. I apologize at once for the quality of some pictures. I took pictures with a slipper, and a normal camera is at work now.
We will take a well-known and very cheap baking soda as a base of the product. Baking soda itself is sodium hydrogen carbonate. NaHCO3. In solution it has a slightly alkaline reaction and has detergent properties. But it is much more effective to use a product of its thermal decomposition, washing soda, aka sodium carbonate, Na2CO3. Sodium carbonate is already sharply alkaline in solution, about 11 pH. It reacts with fats to form soap, and it successfully hydrolyses proteins. It is very easy to get sodium carbonate, you just need to heat it above 60 degrees. I recommend a pot/pan and heating in the oven for an hour. As a result, the resulting powder loses about 25% in weight. Use caution when handling sodium carbonate! It can burn mucous membranes, the eyes and other body surfaces. Wear gloves, do not eat, inhale, and be careful. Soda is not a terrible poison, but alkaline burns have never brought anyone joy. Now it remains to combine 70% sodium carbonate and 30% detergent to introduce a small amount of detergents, bleach and other ingredients. By the way, as a result of dilution, we reduce the total amount of potentially unwashed surfactants.
The first thing the washing soda will have to deal with is greasy soiling. As a test pattern we took a pan after frying a pork chop.
After a standard cycle, the picture is more than acceptable. The pan feels clean and has no grease stains to it.
Particularly difficult test. Protein and grease contamination. Burnt oatmeal on milk. Even “special” powders rarely pick up such dirt the first time. Trying it on high speed, without cleaning anything beforehand.
The result is good. There are small traces of this mess left, but I don’t think other powders would have cleaned better.
Calculating the savings
It’s a little hard for me to calculate an exact figure, but let’s try to at least roughly compare. In total a kilo of our product will cost 74310=58.
Now the “special” Finish powder is 560 per kg. The difference is about 10 times! If you take tablets, which contain the same thing, but with beautiful granules, then the difference is absolutely exorbitant.
Let’s try to estimate the scale of annual savings. Approximately 20 grams of powder are used per wash. In my family of 4 people, the dishwasher usually runs twice a day, but let’s take 1 run a day as an average. 20365 = 7300 grams of powder per year. This is 4088 for the “special” and 423 rubles for our version.
Another classic way to make money is a special salt for regeneration of the ion-exchange filter. Of course, you can not put rock salt with sand there. But let’s bring up GOST R 51574-2000 for food grade “Extra” salt. Mass fraction of NaCl. at least 99.7%. The rest minor calcium and magnesium impurities. Sorry, but that, according to the chemical purity classification, is better than “Pure for analysis”. “h.д.а.”This is “Chemically pure” (“x.ч.”). the highest degree of purity of the reagent. The main component is more than 99%. The only nuance. do not use iodized or fluorinated varieties. Do you believe that salt, which is regulated by GOST for purity, is good enough for food, but not clean enough for the dishwasher?
Potential downsides and problems
I want to clarify right away that I am not responsible for the performance of your dishwasher or any potential health problems associated with eating, drinking, or otherwise incomprehensibly using the results of the experiments. I’m just describing my experience and the information I’ve received in this area. If there are any professional chemists among you. I would be glad to hear your point of view. The only problem I potentially see is that because of the high alkaline reaction of the solution, you can damage particularly delicate painted faora, wine glasses, or something similar. But such things can be washed without detergent at all. I still recommend that you test everything carefully and weigh it. In terms of health problems, I do not see anything rediculous. We use surfactants in even lower concentrations than in special powders. The base is harmless sodium carbonate, which is part of antacid medications for the treatment of gastritis. Allergic reactions to components of laundry detergent? If you wash your clothes with it and everything is fine, no problems are expected. When washing dishes by hand you leave many times more residual dishwashing detergent on plates and cups. And there is nothing critical going on. In any case, I would like you to consciously understand exactly what you are doing in terms of household chemicals and why.
UPD Users Guzzle and apakin offer a cheap version of a local Russian manufacturer. Sold in Ashan, called Sanit. Approximate price 100 p/kg. 2 times more expensive than the reviewed option, but sharpened directly for dishwashers.
UPD2 The powder is not so good. Washing is decent, but worse than baking soda and detergent. Leaves traces on dishes, not completely washed off the surface when rinsed. Standard mode. Probably can be diluted with baking soda until there is a clean flush.
UPD3 I was told by Genegineer to check out the large salt pucks for large regeneration systems. Packaged in 25 kg, t.е. In the neighborhood of 25 per kilo. For example, here is a variant from Leroy:
Main types of dishwasher chemicals
The most recommended detergents to use in dishwashers come in several common and commonly used categories, such as: gel, tablets and powder.
All of these detergents fit any kind of dishwasher and effectively cope with their tasks, washing all dishes to a perfect shine.
Let’s consider each detergent in more detail:
- Gels. Gel-based detergents are absolutely safe for dishes and do not affect human health, but do not have a cheap price tag.They remove dirt without damaging the surface, since they do not contain tough particles and abrasives, so the gel dissolves perfectly when it hits the water. Well suited for washing porcelain and silverware;
- Tablets. expensive than the other two detergents, they are more convenient to use than powder because they cannot crumble.Enjoy their high quality of dishwashing, one tablet is used for one cycle;
- Powders. This type of detergent has the cheapest price policy, convenient and effective to use.Unfortunately, they have a downside, the powder can crumble when placed in the dishwasher’s special compartment. Also, some chemical constituents are tough and can scratch the surfaces of delicate dishes.