Can I wash the hepa filter of a vacuum cleaner?

steps for cleaning the HEPA filter

Once you have determined the type of filter, clean it (at least once a month). The paper filter is considered disposable, but it can be blown out with cool air and cleaned with a stiff brush if it gets a little dirty. HEPA plastic filters are not afraid of water. Wash in cold liquid, no powders or detergents. If there is a thick layer of dirt, remove it with a brush before washing. Wipe the element with a towel. Do not assemble unit until mechanism is completely dry, otherwise moisture will break motor and HEPA component will freeze in non-ventilated tank.

You will know when the filter element needs to be cleaned, from dust from the unit or by reducing the airflow from the filtration system. Rapid heating of the device is also a sign of clogs. But improper cleaning can lead to malfunctions that are beyond repair. Before you start, find out if your filter is water compatible.

HEPA elements vary in color, shape and structure. The main difference between the two is the material. Vacuum cleaner manufacturers make paper and polymer components. When disassembling devices, they are easily recognized by their porous structure.

The main difference between filters is their material.

If it is not difficult to clean the HEPA filter from the fluoroplastic fibers, in the case of the paper analogue it is better to give up the idea. If it is very dirty, it should be replaced with a new disposable filter, as the performance of the device may decrease after cleaning.

When buying a vacuum cleaner, blower, fan or air conditioner, be sure to specify the type of mechanism from the seller. It is also written in the instruction manual of the device or on the packaging. As a guide, the manufacturer adds a “W” to the model name.

How to Clean a Vacuum Cleaner Filter?

The quality of your vacuum cleaner depends greatly on the condition of its filter system. It usually consists of the main dust canister (it can be a bag or container), the outlet filter and the fine filter element, or HEPA. Let’s find out how to clean each of these filters, and whether they can be washed, washed, or replaced with new ones.

How to clean different types of filters

Some housewives try to clean and reuse disposable filters. This is a mistake. This filter may look clean after washing, but it loses its performance.

Attention! A decrease in suction power, as well as a “pushy” sound when working can indicate a clogged hose or dirty filters.

Dust bag

Paper or thin “non-woven” dust collectors are disposable. For cleaning a large house, a dust bag is enough for 2-3 times. If the apartment is small and there is not much dust, then it is possible to change such a dust bag once every few weeks.

Disposable bag made of non-woven materials

The woven fabric bags are thick with a plastic adapter and rubber seal, they can be cleaned and even gently washed.

The dust-collector bag is either behind the front panel of the device, or behind a special hatch, usually it is marked. In any case, you need to remove the lid. Next, it is necessary to detach the bag. It can be simply inserted into the holder and latched, in which case you just need to gently slide it in the right direction and take it out. It happens that the dust canister is additionally fixed with a clothespin. It must be unfastened with the lever, and then pull out the container with the trash.

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Cyclone filter container-collector

Cyclone filter works like this: it spirals the dirty air flow, and all large particles are “nailed” to the walls of the container. Usually it is a bulb on the handle, sometimes the container in the body. Before removing the dust canister, you must disconnect the device from the power supply. Next, you need to throw out the debris from the container, usually it almost does not dust, collected in clumps. After rinsing the plastic container and drying.

There are no components in this type of container that require some complex maintenance. It is a separate plastic element with simple geometry, so maintenance of such a filter is not difficult.


This filter has the highest efficiency. It is a container inserted into the body of the device hermetically, without communication with other parts and partially filled with water. Air with dust gets inside, the particles settle in the water. And clean air is sucked in from the top to the outside. This type of container is very easy to maintain: empty the dirty water into the toilet bowl and rinse the container if needed. Then you can put the filter back in and your vacuum cleaner is ready to use again.

Fine foam filter

The foam filters are used for fine purification of the air in front of the motor and at the outlet of the entire system. Cleaning them is simple: you can “knock out” a little dust, clean with a soft brush (like a toothbrush), or better yet, wash them. They wash out well, and the detergent also disinfects and deodorizes the filter.

Important! To prevent the filter from tearing and maintaining its geometry after washing, it is not wrung out. It should dry by itself, spread out on a flat surface. It is necessary to use a brush carefully not to tear the filter and not to break its structure.

The filter can be made by yourself: cut out a sample part from a thick foam rubber of suitable thickness.

HEPA filters

HEPA filters are efficient and technologically advanced. They can be disposable paper and polymeric. The latter can and should be cleaned periodically. They are a dense accordion of the basic material enclosed in a plastic frame. It is convenient to clean them with a brush with a long pile of medium hardness. The filter can still be washed and dried.

  • Disconnect the vacuum cleaner from electricity;
  • Open the access door to the dust canister;
  • Pull out the container first, then the filter is accessible, pull it out.

Often there is a second filter on the back, behind the special grill. It can be removed in one step.

Attention! Before removing any item, make sure it is not covered with locks, latches, etc.п. If the filter is fixed, you must first unlock it by pressing the button or the latch lever and only then take it out.

Carbon filter

This filter is used in expensive vacuum cleaners, but is also expensive, so it is rarely used. Its special feature is that it traps not only dust particles but also odors, deodorizing the room (the latter is done even when it is inactive).

The filter is a plastic housing filled with a carbon sorbent. These filters are not suitable for repeated use. You can prolong its life by shaking off the outside dust with a brush.

How to clean your vacuum cleaner: can you wash the filter?

A vacuum cleaner is a device that pulls dust and debris off the surface of the floor covering. The manufacturer provides each appliance with a manual, which describes the loads and peculiarities of the operating mode in detail. If the norms are violated, clogging of internal technical nodes often occurs. Knowing how to clean a vacuum cleaner helps to prevent this situation and prolong the life of the household appliance.

Vacuum cleaner filter cleaning, how to do it, can it be cleaned and what

Recommendations for care, additional cleaning requirements are given in the manufacturers’ instructions. Best not to take any chances unless it says washable model right from the start. Paper is the basic material of vacuum cleaners, and HEPA is no exception. Synthetic fabrics and plastics allow for cleaning and make it necessary. Only from smells the construction is protected by an additional drying. Users quickly figure out how to clean LG 2000w vacuum cleaner filters.

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Can I wash my vacuum cleaner filter: how often and properly to do the cleaning

The productivity of a vacuum cleaner is in direct dependence on the condition of its filters. And in order for it to please the owners with excellent performance and not to fail prematurely, it should be periodically cleaned.

Vacuum cleaner filters are important part of the device. Their main task is to trap dirt particles and prevent dust from re-splashing.

What is it??

The unmatched ability to filter the air inside the vacuum cleaner, from the smallest particles of dust and debris is characterized by a vacuum cleaner filter, called a HEPA filter. The name is an abbreviation of the English phrase High Efficiency Particulate Arresting.

Every vacuum cleaner is equipped with a filtration system. It is not a good idea to think that a single HEPA filter can do the job the manufacturer intended it to do. Larger particles will quickly clog the fine filtration device. It will cause the unit to lose suction power.

The problem is solved by installing the so-called pre-filter. It can be a cloth or paper bag which traps all coarse debris, up to 1 micron in size. HEPA is responsible for the smallest particles, smaller than 1 micron.

Fine dust filters are made of fiber material. Sheets of this material are folded in an accordion and placed in a durable plastic or metal housing. The distance between them is on the order of 10-40 microns.

There are four principles of filtration.

  • Sieve effect. The dust particles are not able to pass between the fibers of the filter.
  • Diffusion. Fine dust particles able to get through the obstacle remain on its surface, because they are in chaotic motion. These dust particles are knocked out of the air stream.
  • Inertia. The relatively heavy particles do not catch the airflow around the filters and crush into them.
  • Trapping. Medium sized contaminants simply cling to the debris already “trapped” by the HEPA fibers.

How to choose?

When choosing a vacuum cleaner with an optimal filtration system, you should be guided by consumer reviews and information received from the brand manufacturer. 3M, Einhell, Type 2 and EIO filter systems are the most effective. Models of such well-known brands as Siemens and Bosch use the Megafilt SuperTEX system dust canister. It has an additional fabric layer with micropores that ensures maximum power of working suction even if the bag is completely filled.

Thomas AIRTEC models have a four-layer dust canister made of cloth, and the German manufacturer Melitta has a multilayer bag made of thin paper, which filters the finest particles down to 0.3 microns, with each successive layer retaining progressively finer dust particles.

wash, hepa, filter, vacuum, cleaner

This structure significantly extends the life of the filter and facilitates the functioning of the vacuum cleaner as a whole.

wash, hepa, filter, vacuum, cleaner

Many of today’s models feature the Swirl MicroPor mechanical filtration system. Its advantage is the operation of three cleaning levels. the first two levels act as a traditional dust collector, detaining enough large particles of dust up to 1 micron, and the third allows you to clean the air from microparticles and, remarkably, from bacteria, which are often the cause of serious illness. Thus, the first levels work as a coarse cleaning system, and the third. fine. In the best-selling Philips units, the dust collectors are impregnated with a special antiseptic solution that effectively kills bacteria as soon as it enters the bag.

People prone to respiratory problems are likely to appreciate these vacuum cleaners.

At the same time, every manufacturer to this day produces a line of vacuum cleaners with the usual reusable fabric bags. The reason here is simple. these vacuum cleaners are much cheaper, therefore, they are optimal for people with average and low income. In addition, a cloth bag can be used for several years, while a paper bag must be replaced regularly, which entails a waste of money and time to purchase them.

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How to Effectively Clean a Vacuum Cleaner Filter 2021 | Cleaning HEPA Filter

In the majority of modern models of Samsung, LG, Electrolux, Rowenta, as well as Hoover, Bosch and Siemens companies, the dust collector is a reservoir located in the center of the product. these are cyclone models. They are made in two versions.

  • In cyclones of the first kind, the air moves in a spiral, where under the influence of centrifugal force it sticks to the walls, loses velocity and immediately settles and remains in the tank itself. The treated air is then passed through the motor and foam filters and pushed outside.
  • In the second kind of cyclones the treated air is displaced into the tank, where the speed drops instantly. than 95% of particles settle to the bottom, and all the fine dust is picked up by the vortexes and moved to the sponge motorized filter impregnated with fungicide, after which it enters the outlet compartment and is discharged to the outside. Such filters have their advantages, foremost among which is a stable high power of operation, which does not depend on the degree of filling of the dust canister, and the cleaning process itself is much more hygienic.

Important! Most often, cyclone systems are additionally equipped with HEPA filters, which retain the most microscopic impurities.

At the same time, it should be noted that the manufacturers of all of the above models have failed to achieve 100% retention of dust particles, and as a result, together with the exhaust, they get back into the living space, and from there go straight to our mucous membranes and lungs. The consequences of all this can be the most unpredictable, as a result, in an effort to keep your family safe, you may, on the contrary, face irreparable damage.

wash, hepa, filter, vacuum, cleaner

As an alternative to such filters are water, which copes with the task of keeping dust as effectively as possible, but without causing the slightest harm to the human body, but their cost is much higher than that of all other vacuum cleaners dry type of assembly.

Thomas vacuum cleaners of German brand are equipped with water filters. the process of retention of dust particles here is 99.998% and this is the highest result among all vacuum cleaners existing today. In these aquafilters the incoming air is immediately sprinkled with moisture and then the air undergoes a three-stage purification process in the foam and paper filters. It should be noted that models with aquafilter also have distinct hygienic benefits. they not only trap dust particles, but also humidify the air in the house.

In addition, the performance in this case remains unchanged during all cleaning operations, and cleaning of the filter itself is reduced to timely pouring out of contaminated water.

With all these factors in mind, it is not surprising that waterborne systems are becoming more and more popular in today’s vacuum cleaners.

The HEPA bag is the best option

The best option for using these cleaning systems is a bag-type dust collector. It remains to be seen which material is more beneficial: fabric, paper, or synthetics.

  • Cloth. retains particles of debris down to 2 microns. Such a bag is totally incompatible with a HEPA filter.
  • Paper. holds smaller particles than cloth, but they are prone to unexpected ruptures inside the device. This causes instant failure of the HEPA filter.
  • Synthetics. capable of catching particles as small as 0.3 microns and larger. This filter can be compared to a class 10 HEPA filter for the quality of cleaning.

The SYNTHETIC. HEPA tandem is by far the best.

If you are interested in filters for a particular company-manufacturer, here you can find all the information you need about filters for devices from Samsung, and here. for vacuum cleaners firm Thomas.

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