What kind of underfloor heating is better to install in a CIP house
Canadian buildings have many advantages over classic brick and concrete buildings. Can they use a “warm floor” system to insulate the living space?
The Canadian house itself is warm and does not need additional insulation. The panels themselves retain heat because of their multi-layer construction. In order not to freeze all year round, it is enough to insulate your floor with a convector or radiator. Heat from them spreads throughout the house evenly from bottom to top. It is also very easy to control this system, and when you are away, you can set it to the minimum to save the family budget without losing heat.
When building commercial pavilions, floor insulation is also given a lot of attention, because it makes them more attractive and profitable for business.
Is it possible to equip a warm floor in a CIP house?
Buildings built with Canadian technology have a number of advantages (high speed of construction, inexpensive material, etc.). п.) before the usual structures of brick and concrete. But how reliable are such buildings in terms of the installation of a “warm floor” system?? Can CIP-panels (here more information about the material) be used as a base for laying this heating system?
Pros and cons of underfloor heating in SIP composite homes
If you go to the expanses of the Internet, it becomes clear that people’s opinions on installing underfloor heating on Sandwich panels are divided. Some say that the heavy weight will be detrimental to the foundation of the house, others are convinced of the opposite.
To understand who is right, let’s look at the composition of the hydraulic underfloor heating pie and how much it weighs down the foundation of a SIP composite house:
- Lubricated with waterproofing mastic floors horizontal type.
- Reflective substrate with thermal insulation properties.
- Steel mesh with large meshes, attached to the boards with self-drilling screws.
- Heating pipes attached to this grid.
- A layer of dry screed.
- A layer of metal sheet or foil with a covering of the final floor covering, in the role of which is parquet, laminate, linoleum and so on.
On the fifth point, let us dwell in more detail. Today, instead of concrete, heavy screed came dry and not heavy, which consists of similar layers:
- a layer of expanded clay, which is a porous material that increases the sound and thermal insulation qualities of any coating;
- Two-layer specialized boards made of gypsum fiberboard sheets, on which the final coating is laid.
For laying a water-heated floor it is enough to fill a layer of 3-4 cm.
Main! In terms of reliability and durability dry screed in no way inferior to the wet.This kind of construction has been used abroad for 40 years.
When using electric heating, the requirements to the thickness of the screed are completely different. It is much thinner, so the entire heating structure exerts little pressure on the foundation of the house.
When using a dry screed to install a heated floor in a CIP house, there will be little pressure on the foundation itself. However, even in this option, before selecting a heating system, it is recommended to calculate the load per 1 sq. м.
The composition of the pie for laying electric floor
Interesting! The possible load on 1 sq. м. Sandwich panel is 400 kg.
Installing underfloor heating
Most owners of country houses wonder which of the existing ways and methods of heating is the most inexpensive. Batteries? Radiators? Convectors? All of these have been relegated to the background and replaced by underfloor heating. Thanks to the warm floor can not only qualitatively heat the room, but also to get a lot of pleasant tactile sensations, walking on it barefoot.
Installing a warm floor in the house of SIP-panels is a great solution for a country house. Highly effective, modern and wonderful method of heating allows you to enjoy a comfortable temperature and microclimate in the cold season. Thanks to the warm floor, the whole area of the room will be evenly heated.
Features of installation of a warm floor in the house of SIP-panels
Before installing underfloor heating, you need to determine the following parameters:
MyHeat underfloor heating. carbon film installation
To date, there are two types of floor heating. water and electric. Installation under a cork floor or parquet is not recommended. After all, the wooden floor under the influence of high temperature can eventually begin to crack and fall apart. That is why the house of SIP-panels floor must consist of several layers, something like a pie.
When installing underfloor heating it is very important to pay attention to the area of the rooms and the contour. Placement of a warm floor with furniture will be extremely inefficient, so its placement should be carried out only on the free space. If you occupy the entire area of the room, it will be extremely costly. However, everyone decides for himself what to do.
The next nuance. the power of heating. Depending on this parameter, you need to consider the power of heating boilers for water flooring, and for electric. the power of devices allowed for use in the house.
Electric underfloor heating
Electric flooring is one of the most popular in houses made of CIP panels, which can be installed in any room of the house. However, you can not install electric floor heating in rooms where the floor pours a lot of water. toilet, bathroom, shower room, etc.д.
Today there are two types of underfloor heating. film and cable. According to the principle of heating they can be conventional and infrared.
Electric flooring in homes made of SIP-panels is mounted between the boards Woodchip board or OSB, which solved the problem of their installation. It is recommended to cover the top with laminate, ceramic tiles or any other coating. You can lay carpet or any other material on all of these. However, there are some restrictions, under the ceramic tiles can not be mounted warm floor. As for the cable, the best option would be a two-core cable. Unlike single wire, it will not generate electromagnetic radiation.
The main advantages of the electric floor:
- The ability to install in any building and under any type of flooring;
- Quickly heats up and almost immediately provides a comfortable environment;
- Quickly and quickly installed;
- Availability to a wide range of consumers;
- Availability of a timer for automatic regulation.
Disadvantages of electric flooring:
Features of the water floor
Unlike electric flooring, water flooring will cost much more and is more difficult to install, but it is almost devoid of disadvantages. The principle of its work is no different from water heating systems, except that there are no radiators and the pipes are located in the floor. A special pump provides water circulation, and the heating boiler is responsible for heating water.
Installation of the water floor is similar to the installation of electric. The pipes are located in the same way. between the boards OSB or particle board. Valves and taps allow you to control the operation of the floor. One of the most basic and main advantages is complete independence from electricity and a high level of environmental friendliness. Of course, there are also disadvantages:
- The system installation process is quite complex;
- It will take time to warm up the floor;
- It is not possible to transfer all control to the automation.
It is also worth noting that you should only pay attention to high-quality, reliable and modern materials. In addition, quality floor insulation guarantees maximum heat savings, respectively, the floor heating will not have to use very often
Professional and quick installation of underfloor heating
Our company offers professional and high-quality installation of underfloor heating in houses built on SIP technology. In our activity we use only the latest technologies and our own developments, modern tools and personal experience. Thanks to this, we not only take on the most complex projects, but also give full guarantees after all the work is done.
Our main operations are in Smolensk, Moscow, Kaluga, Pskov, Tver and Bryansk regions. A team of professional experts are always happy and ready to help you!
Heating a house of CIP panels with electricity
SIP panels are characterized by low thermal conductivity and wind protection. Due to these factors, the cost of resources for heating is low. Heat the house of SIP panels can be one of the existing types of heating. Heat loss in a dwelling made of insulated panels is minimal. Given this factor, many choose equipment for heating, working on electricity.
When you begin construction, you can rely on standardized ready-made projects and make drawings yourself. The mass of the finished structure is small, so there are no special requirements. For example, if we talk about the foundation, there is no need for expensive strip footing, which is necessary for a brick house. House of CIP-panels can be placed on piles or poles. The main point. competently figure out the correct depth, focusing on the groundwater, soil type and climate of the region.
- Floor made of vip panels on screw piles begins to lay from the corners. Before the work is carried out waterproofing to prevent deterioration from contact with moisture. The steps are as follows:
- The lower plane of the panels is treated with bitumen mastic, and then they are placed on the foundation, previously lined with roofing felt. In the case of the spiral piles, the roofing felt is put between the head of the building element and the joist used as a strapping board. The dimensions of the beam should not be less than 20 by 20 centimeters;
- Panels are jointed to each other and fixed with screws to the trim. The length of screws. 90 millimeters;
- Placed “base” board around the perimeter of the building. It will become the basis for the subsequent installation of wall panels;
- To make the frame stiff enough, “basic” board is fixed on the tying. The strength of attachment can be achieved by using wood screws with reinforced washers.
Correctly made strapping ensures that the structure will be strong, resistant to mechanical stress, will not contribute to the spread of vibrations.
Laying begins with any part of the house. The main requirement. everything must be done evenly. All joints are treated in advance with assembly foam. At the end of the beam is laid, which coincides with the size of the insulation. It is she who will carry the load for the entire structure. Each subsequent element is laid flush with the previous one, with the previous beam laid in its end. Optimal fastening are self-tapping screws 50 millimeters long. After that the tie-laying boards are laid to support the future walls. They are also fastened with self-tapping screws in a staggered pattern.
The final floor covering is chosen with the assumption that these materials will withstand a warm floor. It is best to choose materials with good thermal conductivity and noise insulation. The warm floor can be mounted under tiles, carpeting, linoleum, poured flooring. It is recommended to put dry screed or plywood on it. Fasten the sheets at once for a few hours, you need to let the material get used to the climate in the house. If you lay linoleum or laminate on plywood, we recommend using polyethylene underlayment as a layer. Linoleum is fastened with tape or glue. In the final part of the flooring is placed on the skirting.
As for flooring, you can use any modern material. This is what is used most often.
- Natural wood. parquet or solid board. The floor surface is warm, and the material is considered durable.
- Parquet flooring is the most aesthetic material, easy to install. But the board is afraid of moisture, less durable.
- Laminate has an enviable strength, but this coating is cold.
- Cork. durable and resistant. But not every customer will choose it because of the high price and fear of mechanical damage.
- Ceramic tile can withstand all the trouble, but as a material it is cold. It is used under a warm floor.
- Linoleum suits all parameters, but does not tolerate only mechanical damage.
- Poured floor. solid floor covering. It is distinguished by aesthetics, durability, will suit any design. But it is expensive in terms of finances, in addition, difficulties in installation and dismantling may arise.
UNDERFLOOR HEATING IN A CONDOMINIUM
Modern technology allows you to heat CIP houses not only with all the usual radiators and boiler, but also with a warm floor. Underfloor heating can be of two main types:
An electric floor is made using a special heating electric cable, which is laid in a concrete floor screed. The same principle is used for water underfloor heating. Only instead of a cable is laid a pipe coming from the heating system of the house.
The main advantages of underfloor heating
- Economical. This type of heating at home up to 25% more economical in comparison with the radiator heating of the room;
- Underfloor heating can be laid under a variety of floor coverings: ceramic tiles, natural and artificial stone, and so on;
- It emits heat evenly throughout the room. Due to this, a pleasant atmosphere is created in the room and you do not feel the difference in temperature in different parts of the room;
- Underfloor heating can be used in conjunction with radiator heating, or placed in a particular part of the room. For example, such a floor can be done only in the bathroom or in the kitchen in the area of the dining table. This will add comfort in the cold season;
- If we are talking about a water heated floor, it is made of aluminum pipes, covered with a layer of plastic. This makes the pipes resistant to corrosion and the floor itself durable;
- Since all the heating components of the floor heating are placed in a concrete screed flooring, they do not take up additional space and do not reduce the area of the room. In this case, the interior design is not violated in any way;
- Electric underfloor heating is a great option for those places where there is no possibility to use water heating. This can be, for example, a cottage, garage or utility room;
Using the floor heating, you can independently regulate the intensity of heat supply, as well as decide when to turn on the heating and when to turn it off. This saves a lot of money on heating the room.
The main disadvantages of underfloor heating include the following features:
- The design of the floor can be disturbed during major repairs in the room. It is quite difficult to repair the underfloor heating, since the parts are interconnected. If one part of the floor is damaged, the rest of the construction will not work;
- Underfloor heating can not be done in those parts of the room where you plan to install furniture. In this case, a room with a warm floor cannot be redesigned in the future;
- Underfloor heating cannot be installed under certain floor coverings. So when choosing a floor covering for underfloor heating you must always check that it is compatible with it. This applies not only to laminate or linoleum, but also to tile, tile adhesive, and grout. In addition, you can not put a carpet or do carpeting on a warm floor. It’s not safe;
- To install floor heating it is necessary to disassemble the existing flooring. This seriously restricts its use in already finished and renovated rooms, since in some cases you have to do the repair again.
Underfloor heating in a CIP house is an excellent choice for space heating. It saves money, creates comfort and warmth in the house. Installing the floor heating during the renovation phase will not take much time, and the finished floor heating will serve for many years, without requiring additional investment.
- Economical benefit. The method of heating is a quarter more economical in comparison with the use of radiators.
- Universality. Underfloor heating can be installed under a large number of coverings: stone (artificial and natural), ceramic tiles, etc. д.
- Uniformity of heating. Such a system creates a pleasant atmosphere in the entire room, eliminating the emergence of temperature differences.
- Can be combined with radiators, placed in one part of the room. For example, to install it in the bathroom, dining room, etc.
- Long service life. When considering a water-based underfloor heating system, it is worth noting that it uses aluminum pipes covered with a thick layer of plastic. This makes them very resistant to corrosion, increasing the durability of the structure.
- Small size. Due to the fact that absolutely all the elements of the floor heating are in the concrete screed (in the plane of the floor covering), they do not take up room space, while reducing its area. It also has no effect on the design of the interior.
It is also important to note that the heating system underfloor heating allows independent regulation of the intensity of heat supply. This makes it possible to set a comfortable temperature for the residents, as well as to save, if necessary, on heating the building.
- The possibility of damage to the structure in the process of major repairs. At the same time, the repair itself is quite difficult to perform, because the interconnection of the system does not allow it to work even if a minor element is damaged.
- Strictly to make sure that no furniture is directly on the system. This makes it impossible to redecorate in the future.
- Banning the use of certain floor coverings. Therefore, when selecting a floor covering for a warm floor, it is important to check their compatibility. This applies to laminate, linoleum, as well as certain types of tiles, glue, grout. It is also forbidden to cover the plane with carpet or carpeting.
- To install the system, you have to disassemble the existing flooring. This limits the possibility of using it in already finished rooms, as you may need to do a new renovation.