Electric stove working at 220V

Diagram for connecting an induction hob to 220V or 380V networks

Among gas stoves, electric heating stoves, glass ceramic and induction cooktops, the latter are the best solutions in home affairs. They have the same advantage as the gas grids, that is, the heated foods respond quickly to changes in power “burner. They are also much safer: the gas does not escape when cracked, and the heating panels are not heated to too high ignition temperatures, although they can naturally be hot.

The only problem with connection. Theoretically, it should be made by a professional electrician, especially since the warranty card for the device prescribes a point of connection by a qualified electrician, confirming the correct implementation of the connections to the network.

However, many people are not in the dark themselves, having a professional knowledge of electrical engineering. You may also be tempted to buy an induction stove in place of a gas stove and would like to do everything yourself (again, saving money). In the article below you can find information about different connection methods and types of induction hobs.

In the electric stove, under the protective cover, there are contacts to which the wire is connected.

For a single-phase network, this cable must be three-core.

One core is phase, the second is ground, the third is ground. In the cable, each core has a different color. It is important to remember that the core for the zero is always blue or blue, and the ground is yellow-green.

On the stove, there are usually more pins to connect, but each has its own designation.

All the outputs marked “L” are the phase, no matter how many of them there are, the zero is marked with “N”, there can also be several of them, while the ground is marked with “PE”, usually it is one output.

Knowing this you can easily connect the cable. If, for example, there are several “L” leads, and there is only one phase in a single-phase network, you must use the jumpers that come with the stove.

First connect the ground wire to the “PE” terminal, then connect the neutral to the “N” terminal.

If there is more than one of these pins we use a jumper to connect them together and then connect the blue wire to one of the pins.

Lastly connect the phase. Connect all the leads marked “L” (if there are three, they are marked “L1” “L2” “L3”) with a jumper.

What will happen if you connect 110v to a 220v electric stove cooking element

After connecting, connect the phase wire. In a three wire cable it can be brown, gray or black.

But it is possible to install the electric stove yourself, it is important only to mount the communications correctly. Now there are different options for the device wiring in the house: in available cable channels, in stroeved (closed version), under the baseboards and wall panels (if they are made, for example, from drywall).

Is it possible to connect the stove without grounding? Consequently, if you do not have grounding and there is no possibility of touching the exposed conductive elements of the hob (because it is “hidden” in the countertop), the lack of grounding is absolutely no threat to you.

Normative power parameters

Cooktop, equipped with a pair of cast-iron heating components, usually has this parameter. 2000 watts. How much in a technique for a large family? The version with 4 burners has a parameter of 5000 W. If this version has induction operation, the parameter can reach 10400 W.

The more heating components and other functional options your stove has, the more energy it uses.

Choosing appliances, it should be borne in mind that the power of the hob affects the dynamics of heating burners.

How the rating was made

The popularity of the models that made our list of the best, due to their high efficiency and quality. In our rating we took into account customer feedback. The description of each item contains its characteristics. All elements in the top for clarity is attached a photo. After reading the rating of the best electric stoves for the table, it will be easier to understand how to choose the most suitable. The best, according to buyers, table electric stoves were evaluated according to four criteria: cooking quality, ease of operation, heating speed and ease of cleaning.

Connection of electric stoves Hansa, electrolux, Bosch, zanussi and others

Electric stoves have long been part of our daily life, but, unfortunately, not everyone knows how to connect them.So, if you have purchased one of these stoves and are going to connect it yourself, this article will help you in this. In it we will try to explain step by step how to do it correctly, and most importantly safely!

It is also worth noting that even though electric stoves are considered household, but consumed enough power. it is worth considering both the installation and further operation of electric heating appliances in the home.

Read the installation manual carefully before installing the appliance. If you are not sure about any points, it is better to entrust the installation to a qualified electrician. Remember that the manufacturer’s guarantee does not apply if the electric stove is connected in violation of electrical installation rules and regulations.

We suggest you consider how to choose the right accessories for installation: cable, plug, socket, circuit breaker. Connect the electric stove and oven to a single-phase, two-phase, three-phase power supply voltage of 220 and 380 volts with your own hands.

Connecting the electric stove by yourself

Before you begin any work on the connection of electrical equipment to the network, you must carefully examine the technical passport of the product, which must be attached, as well as familiarize yourself with such normative documents as PUE, 7th edition and PTEEP.

Step by step instructions for connecting electric stoves electrolux ekc (electrolux), zanussi (zanussi), Hansa (hansa), gorenje (burning), Bosch (Bosch), ariston (ariston), Beko (veko), Hotpoint, indesit (indexit), greta, kaiser (kaizer), aeg, nord ep, Samsung to the power grid:

Step 1. Cables, circuit breaker and RCD

The power supply to the stove should be run with an independent cable going directly to the apartment’s switchboard. For laying the cable from the switchboard to the socket, you can use cable brands: VVG; VVG-NG; PVA; SHVVP. And from the socket to the stove, it is better to connect with stranded wires, such as PVS or KG, which are more resistant to bending during repeated use.

The cross section of the cable depends on the voltage of the network, the number of phases and the power consumption. Knowing these parameters, you can choose a suitable cable from the table. The cross-section of the conductors is better to take one order of magnitude more.

Connection should be made from a separate circuit breaker. The rated current of the circuit breaker should be one rating higher than the consumption current of the electric stove.

All the characteristics of the electric stove can be found in the technical documentation, which is attached to the purchase, as well as they are indicated on the case. Time-current characteristics of the circuit breaker should be group C.

It is also desirable to install and ground fault interrupter (RCD), which will protect people from electric shock, when accidentally touching the faulty equipment. The RCD should be installed near the circuit breaker, and connected after it. Its rating should be an order of magnitude smaller than the circuit breaker. Leakage current to earth not more than 30 mA. All screw terminals must be clamped carefully because of the high currents that will flow through them.

electric, stove, 220v

Step 2. Installing the outlet

Not every apartment, the kitchen has a power outlet designed to connect powerful appliances that consume more than 3 kW. Usually it is a single-phase power outlet, which is rated at 32A or 40A.

electric, stove, 220v

We suggest considering how to correctly select and install a socket for the electric stove:

Turn on the circuit breaker in the switchboard apartment. Using a multimeter, check the voltage on the phase contacts of the socket.

Step 3. Open the back of the stove

To connect the cable to the stove, on the back of it you must find and unscrew the small cover that covers the terminals for wires.

The back wall of the stove

Once you have removed the lid, you need to fix the cable. This is to avoid that the cable is accidentally pulled out of the stove. Insert the cable and fasten it to the hob body in the special clip.

Hole for wiring the cable

Step 5. Installing the copper jumpers

Depending on the number of phases of the power supply, the wires are connected in different ways. What would be the correct coordinate the connection of the hob to the various power networks, complete with a terminal block, there are special copper jumpers. According to the scheme you have chosen, install the jumpers in the block and tighten the screws, where the wires will not be connected.

Connecting the wires to the household stove

Step 6. Connect the wires

Connect insulated neutral and ground with a jumper

After connecting all the wires, check the wiring diagram again, making sure there are no errors. Firmly tighten the clamping screws. But remember: in all the ovens, the plugs are made of delicate material, avoid using too much force or you could damage them. Now you can close the lid and screw the fixing bolts.

Final connection of the wires to the household electric stove

Step 8. plugging in

Before connecting the stove to the mains, make sure that the circuit is correctly assembled, with all the live parts covered. Turn on the circuit breaker and RCD, check the presence of voltage in the socket. Plug in the stove. According to the manual, make sure all the functions work properly.

Video instruction on how to connect the electric stove

Connecting the stove in a single-phase system

Unlike a private house or a manufacturing plant, in an apartment there is no possibility to connect an electric stove to a three-phase network. Therefore we will consider a single phase connection used in apartments. Most plates have the following terminals to connect the wires: L1; L2; L3; N1; N2; and ground contact.

To connect such an electric stove in a single-phase 220 V home network, you need to:

  • put a jumper between terminals L1 and L2, L2 and L3,
  • connect to L2 the phase wire. brown color;
  • leave a jumper between the terminals N1 and N2;
  • Connect neutral wire to N2. blue color;
  • Connect the yellow-green grounding wire to the grounding contact marked with a special symbol.

The number and name of terminals may vary, refer to the documentation of the appliance.

Single-phase electric stove wiring diagram

Stages of connecting the stove

During the test connection, the indicator on the hob must light up. This indicates that power is being supplied. Device is ready for operation.

Connecting a 380 volt electric stove

Electric household stoves are powerful equipment, their current consumption is about 40-50A. This means that the stove must be connected to a dedicated power strip. It should be powered directly from the apartment or house switchboard. Power is supplied via RCD and circuit breaker. Stove itself can be connected through the socket and plug (special power), terminal box. The circuit breaker line can also be fed directly to the input terminals on the back wall.

A more reliable connection is directly to the input terminals of the stove. In this case, there are a minimum number of points of contact, which increases reliability. But this method is not very convenient: you can only disconnect the power supply using an automatic circuit breaker. Approximately the same problem when using a terminal box, the only difference is that there are more connection points.

Most often use a connection with a socket and plug. This is more convenient and familiar. Since the equipment is powerful, do not use ordinary household devices, but special, which are also called power. for their ability to withstand significant current loads.

Please note that when connecting high-powered electrical equipment it is mandatory to have grounding. Without it you will be denied warranty repair, and its absence is life-threatening, so it is better not to risk.

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