Gas burner for pigs how to make
The need for a torch is very common in the home. The purpose of such a device is very broad, such as soldering work or repair of roofing material. Also in the garage it is often necessary to heat a part for machining. For locksmith purposes, the gas burner is used to heat metal parts with the purpose of subsequent hardening. Therefore, many craftsmen began to wonder how to make a gas burner.
The gas burner with his own hands: making it from improvised materials
In the home workshop or garage, there is often a need to use a gas burner. Its application for it is very broad. from soldering work to repair of roofing. Not to mention the need to heat a metal part for machining.
In metalworking, a gas torch can be used to heat a workpiece for subsequent hardening. If you are an electric welder. when working with certain metals, you need to heat the place of the future weld.
In tool stores they sell a variety of devices for safe work with fire. Propane burner can be any size and any configuration. The size of a ballpoint pen for jewelry soldering.
Or a multi-nozzle ramp to heat bitumen on the roof:
The advantage of industrial variants is the safety certificate. However, there is nothing in the design that cannot be replicated at home. Since any product in the store costs a lot of money, we will tell you how to make a gas burner with your own hands.
Propane Burner Devices
Before proceeding to the self-made gas burner, it is worth to understand its design features and operating principle.
As a rule, a propane burner consists of the following elements:
Propane gas is delivered through a hose from a pressurized cylinder. The volume of gas is regulated by the working tap on the cylinder, but for safety reasons it is worth installing an additional reducer.
To open/close the gas supply a shut-off valve is used. It is located behind the main valve. Adjust the intensity of the flame with the working tap.
At one end of the gas hose, through which the gas is fed, a special nozzle is attached, at the end of which there is a nipple. The nipple and the gas pipe are placed in a metal bowl where the mixture is created.
Then the combustible mixture enters the combustion area through the nozzle under pressure. To keep the combustion process uniform, holes are provided in the nozzle.
After getting acquainted with the design features of the device, you can begin to create a gas burner with your own hands, especially since it is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance.
Arsonist’s Lullaby (The Punisher)
Gas burner. Types and functions. Application and features
Gas burner allows you to get a controlled flame to perform various tasks. It is widely used in everyday life for welding, brazing, repair and household works, as well as cooking in camping conditions.
Where the gas torch is used
This equipment is suitable for the following tasks:
- Softening plastic parts to shape them.
- Bending PVC pipes.
- Melting of non-ferrous metals.
- Preheating welds.
- Glazing of workpieces.
- Thawing ice in the pipes.
- Disinfection of wooden constructions.
- Rapid hearth ignition.
- Scorching of animal carcasses.
Gas burners provide controlled flame with even flame, power of which is easily adjustable with available valve. Thanks to this, the actual heating temperature can be changed to suit the material to be heated or scorched. It is useful to have such a device in almost any home or apartment. Even if there is no need to use it as a tool for soldering or welding, the torch will be useful for elementary light fires on picnics. Its use is much more economical than a special liquid for lighting the brazier. Gas burners are used by beekeepers to disinfect wooden hives. Also the flame treats animal cages, which is much safer and cheaper than using chemicals.
Methods of ignition of braziers
Burners can be ignited by using a lit match, a lighter, or by pointing at an open flame source. This option is fail-safe and is found on devices of a lower price segment. Slightly more expensive, but also more convenient, is the presence of a piezo igniter. In the construction of such devices there is a piezo element that activates at the touch of a button. It produces a spark that can ignite the gas jet. The principle of operation is similar to that of an ordinary button lighter. Often the life of a piezo igniter is lower than that of the burner itself. When leaving it standing, you can use ordinary matches or a lighter in the future. The piezo ignition is an expansion option that does not affect the performance of the burner in any way.
Types of Mini Burners
The gas burner is a very popular device, so many manufacturers are working on improving this design for certain tasks that can be performed with it.
Now you can find the following varieties of this equipment:
Gas burners for hiking or camping have recently become very popular. They are connected to a miniature gas cylinder. They can be used to cook food or heat water for tea and coffee. This is much more convenient than using an ordinary hearth. Burner does not emit any smoke or unpleasant odors. Only a small amount of carbon monoxide is produced as a result of combustion.
Touring burners come in three types with:
Gas burner with cylinder installation is the most common. It is a compact and fail-safe design. It is not without its disadvantages. Often its burner is very small because of its design. This is because creating a large source of flame will result in critical heating of the cylinder itself, which could cause an explosion. When using such a burner it is forbidden to place wind shields close to the flame. To ignite the burner in windy weather, it is necessary to find a secluded place. Stability of such design depends on the width of the cylinder. Given that camping uses compact kitchen utensils, the volume of which rarely exceeds 2 liters, the risk of tipping over is minimal. Still, the burner should be watched closely, because it does not go out if it falls on the side. If the flame stops burning in windy weather, the gas will continue to flow until it runs out.
Burners with side connection of the cylinder are the cheapest. It is not the best option, but it has its advantages. First of all it is a compactness of the cylinder itself. Its dimensions are identical to a hairspray, which is not much at all. If you plan to cook food once or several times, then in a camping trip using such a burner will be a wise decision. The positive side of the design is its high resistance to tipping to the side of the cylinder, which allows it to be installed even on a slight slope.
A gas burner with a long hose is the best option. This design is less impact resistant than the previous ones because it has more delicate elements. At the same time, thanks to the availability of a hose, you can install the cylinder further from the burner. It will allow the use of windshields closer to the flame. This will keep the heat in one place, which will significantly increase the speed of boiling water or heating food, while reducing the amount of fuel burned. When using such a burner, it is necessary to treat the hose carefully to prevent it from breaking. These devices have a temperature regulator, which is fixed on the cylinder.
The gas torch burner is of the pistol type or the so-called L-shaped. The device is directly attached to the can and creates a narrow flame torch. Of course, the actual power of combustion does not allow using the device as a real cutter capable of cutting ferrous metal. The burner’s capabilities allow you to burn through an aluminum can. These are inexpensive devices that can be used as an effective tool for lighting a flame. With their help, it is possible to heat plastic pipes in the place of their bend, and also to heat the sting of a large soldering iron with solder.
All torches available on the market have a piezo ignition. The combustion temperature of their flame is quite high, and thanks to the fact that the torch is narrow, the desired point on the workpiece is heated with a minimum dispersion of fire, which saves fuel.
Soldering lamp torches are in high demand. They are directly attached to the cylinder, just like torches, but their flame is more diffuse. Such devices are used for heating workpieces more evenly, roasting pig and poultry carcasses, as well as disinfecting beehives, dog cages and animal cages.
A blowtorch does not have a piezo igniter. In connection with this it is necessary to have matches or lighter at hand when using it. This design includes an extension tube, thanks to which the direct flame is away from the cylinder and your hands. It allows you to work longer without the risk of burning or overheating the gas cartridge.
Gas soldering irons
Unlike lamps, this design is less versatile, but more convenient for soldering. Often the device does not have a fastener to attach directly to the cylinder, and it needs to be refilled, just like a regular lighter. This gas burner has two nozzles. With one, a torch-like flame is created, and the other is a stinger.
This gas torch is very economical in terms of fuel consumption. It creates a focused, thin flame torch that heats the desired point. With such a soldering iron it is quite possible to kindle a flame in a hearth or brazier. But the main advantage of this design is a set stinger. Once the flame is ignited, it heats up and can melt the solder and lay it on wires and chips. The device has a wheel to adjust the power, but you can not set the exact temperature, so you have to guided by your own feelings and observe the behavior of solder. Gas soldering irons are often called a pencil. This design rarely has a piezo ignition. If a stinger nozzle is installed, the flame can be removed after heating to save gas. After a few minutes reopening the gas will be spontaneous ignition from contact with the glowing stinger.
Differences of burners according to the type of cylinder used
A gas burner can provide a variety of ways to attach to a fuel cartridge. There are four variants of cylinders:
Threaded cylinder is the most common variant. It has a threaded neck that can be screwed onto the burner. It’s very convenient. This variant is most often found on touring burners, which involve mounting it on top of a cartridge. It is a reliable and durable design.
Collet connection of the cylinder is also a common option. Unfortunately this design is not the most reliable. Cylinder retainer often fails, after which the connection starts to leak gas. Positive side of such torches is low cost and weight of cartridges. This is found on torches and blowtorches.
Valve-type cylinder burners are reliable in terms of gas loss at the connection point. To install, simply press the reducer firmly against the cartridge, and make a turn with a special retainer. This method of attachment is more used on touristic burners.
A burner for mounting on a pierced cylinder is a rare design. Its disadvantage is that the gas cartridge cannot be disconnected until the fuel runs out.
Special adapters are available for sale. With their help cylinders that are not designed for them can be connected to various burner designs. This allows the use of cheaper cartridges instead of expensive.
Making a gas burner with their own hands
Gas burner is a device that provides uniform combustion of gas with the possibility of adjusting the fuel supply. If you can not buy the device, you can make it with your own hands. This is an economical and reasonable alternative to the store device.
How to tar a pig or a pig with a blowtorch
Soldering lamp method is similar to the gas torch method. The difference is that the piglet will be treated with propane.
- The pig carcass is placed on the table for convenience. It is more convenient to leave a large pig on the ground.
- A blowtorch is turned on. Adjust the temperature preferably before the procedure of sealing the pig.
- Carefully scorch the bristles, including in hard-to-reach places. Scalding will take time, you should take into account the necessary breaks, it will take longer than cleaning the pig with a gas burner.
- The carcass is turned over as needed. The ears, head, and tail are handled with particular care.
- Some people advise to make the skin bleach twice, cleansing it as thoroughly as possible.
You must remember that the blow torch gets hot. You need to take breaks in the work, some blowtorches explode from overheating. The process will take longer than if you scorch with a straw, a gas burner. The advantage of the blowtorch is that you can treat the pig more thoroughly than with other methods.
Skinning preferably with a blade, scraper, or knife. But it’s important to remember that the skin must not be damaged. The skin should not be too dry and should not be seared until the skin is charred.
How to scorch the pig to flavor it
After removing the brisket, it is recommended to make an additional roasting, which gives the fat and meat a specific flavor.
- The brindle-free carcass is roasted until it turns black. The back and legs take longer to process than the belly.
- Skin is sprinkled with water, making it softer, more elastic. Burning makes skin brittle, tough, brittle.
- Turn the carcass over, repeat the procedures. The piglet must be evenly burned, otherwise the flavor and taste will vary from slice to slice.
- Skins removed by heating with burner flame. Remove with oven mitts to prevent burning.
The result. aromatic fat, meat, ready for smoking, pickling. Allowed to freeze raw materials, make mince, use as you wish.
How to make a gas burner on gasoline Gasoline burner
Blueprints and step-by-step instructions for making a torch
Let us consider in detail the nuances to which we should pay attention when making a burner.
- First of all, it is necessary to use refractory metals. Correctly adjusted burner can produce up to 1000 ° C, so the nozzle must correspond to the temperature of the flame;
- It is important to choose a good working faucet. If something goes wrong, first of all the gas supply is cut off and the danger is eliminated. If the faucet will miss. you will not be able to promptly extinguish the flame;
- Connector to the gas source (cylinder with valve or 5 liters propane bottle with pressure reducer) must be reliable. It is in the operation of poor-quality shut-off valves that most accidents occur.
Let’s consider a typical diagram and principle of work of the injector burner:
The hose (1) provides pressurized gas. As a rule. propane. Pressure is created by the vaporization of the liquefied gas in the cylinder and is sufficient to create a steady, directed flame. No reducer is required, the amount of gas is regulated by the working tap (2).
On the valve of the cylinder there is a stop cock. Its function is only to open/close the fuel supply, other adjustments are made using the working cocks.
Gas tube (3) leads jet to the nozzle and ends with nipple (6) which gives direction of flame. Nipple with tube is in its turn located in so called insert (5). It ensures the gas is mixed with the atmospheric air.
How to make a 2372 °F gas burner from petrol. Burner on gasoline
The holder with a tube and a nipple is fixed in the nozzle with a screw. As a rule, the burner is made demountable for cleaning and maintenance of the nipple.
The generated air-gas mixture is sent to the nozzle (8), where the mixture is additionally enriched with oxygen from the air. Ventilation holes are provided for stability of combustion (7).
It is possible to produce the burner by hand according to the drawing.
Dimensions are designed to work with cylinders of up to 5 liters.
About the construction of the insert we will tell separately, on the drawing all the necessary dimensions are shown:
The tube of the insert (1) on the outer diameter should be half a millimeter less than the inner diameter of the nozzle. A washer (2) with holes for air supply is welded inside. The sleeve (3) is designed to fix the tube with the nipple.
The peculiarity of the construction is that by moving the insert inside the nozzle you can regulate the air inflow through the ventilation holes. This allows the flame temperature to be controlled over a wide range. The sleeve can be made from a steel pipe, but it is better to have it turned from a steel billet on a lathe. The shape of nozzle should be a little narrowed at the exit, then the flame will be forced and the temperature in the combustion zone is higher. 45 alloy steel is used.
There are two ways to make the sleeve: You can assemble it from two tubes and a steel washer with holes. The structure is soldered with refractory solder, with abundant fluxing. Or you can roll it out of a solid piece of steel. The second option is preferable.
Feed tube copper or brass. On the side of the hose connection, a flange is made (you can make concentric grooves, for better fixation). A suitable nipple is screwed into the working end. It can be taken from a primus, or a gas burner from a household stove.
The second option will work for us. When the burner with our own hands is ready, it is necessary to carry out the initial debugging.
Burner is adjusted to the gas that will be subsequently used. The insert is slightly fixed with a screw so that the ventilation holes would be overlapped by half.
Construction of a gas burner
In hardware stores they sell a large number of different models of gas burners for safe use. For example, a popular propane-powered design can be of different modifications, even the size of an ordinary jewelry handle. The advantage of factory models is a high degree of safety and product certification. But on the other hand, the design is not complicated, and to make such a tool at home will not be very difficult. And since any product in the store is not cheap, especially the burner, beginners can and must learn to make it themselves.
The device of the gas burner includes such elements:
The metal case is also equipped with a special cup, with which the fire in the burner will not be blown out. The design includes a metal handle. As an alternative, you can use other materials for it. Its dimensions must not exceed 100 centimeters. A wooden holder is installed on the handle, and then the hose is stretched. There is also a reducer with a valve. It can be used to regulate the amount of combustion gas, its length and, accordingly, its flow. A similar design is also equipped with a nozzle for gas ignition.
Gas burner is also called propane burner. This indicates that it uses propane gas or a mixture of propane and butane as fuel. Such a substance is filled with a special container or cylinder, which is located at the back of the burner.
Many people are interested in how to make a burner with their own hands. As you can see from the list, the design of the manual gas burner is not complicated, but on the contrary, even very simple for self-made. It does not have complicated elements, for which you need to spend a lot of money and time. For its production will require a little time and labor. And if you must necessarily study all the schemes and drawings from the professionals, as well as treat responsibly to the work, it will come out convenient and safe device.
Makeshift gas burner with your own hands
What is a gas burner? Many people are interested in the exact answer to this question. In short, it is a homemade propane device, which has a huge number of advantages over its counterparts. In this article, we will try to understand exactly everything about the homemade gas burner, as well as answer the question How to make a gas burner with your own hands?
Firstly, we would like to note the main features of this design. These can include:
- Extremely easy to use;
- No unpleasant and harmful odors, traces of soot and the like;
- compactness, allowing the gas burner to be used almost anywhere.