How to make a simple but effective stove?
This option can serve as an alternative to the simplest metal heaters. for example, burzhuyka. With this stove you can heat the room, cook food and even admire the flames.
The design occupies a little more than half a square meter. Unlike full-fledged brick ovens, this one does not require a foundation. The weight of the construction is not so great to make a strong base. it is enough to put a strong board.
The stove can be made in just a day. One of the advantages of this variant is that the initial heating is possible in the evening. Certain skills are necessary, but they do not go beyond the skills of the average male.
For your information! No qualifications are required to build the stoves. But it is necessary to comply with the row structure. this will make the construction as effective as possible in the context of its potential.
What will be needed for the work?
This is not only a simple, but also a budget option. For the erection of the construction will be required:
- fireclay. 37 pcs.;
- red. 60 pcs.;
- ash door;
- The door of the firebox;
- Cast iron hob.
As a binder. clay mortar. You will need about 20-25 liters of mixture.
Also will be interesting: a stove for a barbecue types and characteristics.
Печь 3.5х4 кирпича подробная кладка печи своими руками. Печник Екатеринбург.
The first thing to do is to determine the location of the furnace. Since the weight of the structure is small, there are no restrictions inherent in traditional brick solutions. Having secured strong boards or a suitable alternative material, the “foundation” is thermally and waterproofed.
The role of insulator can play a non-combustible material. for example, basalt wool. Lay polyethylene or roofing felt on top of the foundation. The size of the latter corresponds to the size of the base plus a small allowance.
Pour a layer of sand with a thickness of 1-2 cm on top. Align the backfill. It is important to make the base flat. the quality of the construction and the convenience of subsequent work depends on this.
- The first row is placed on the sand, without using mortar. A dozen bricks are aligned strictly according to the level. Smear the bricks with a thin layer of mortar, and then mount the ash-pan door at the end. The door is wrapped around the perimeter with asbestos cord to compensate the thermal expansion of the metal.
- After fixing the door with the wire, lay the second row according to the scheme. Form an ash-pan.
- Chamotte is used (in the scheme it has a yellow shade). After the masonry work, mount the grate over the ash-pan.
- Before that, the bricks were laid flat. On this row it is put on the rib. Form the chimney and make the base for the baffle plate inside it. One of the bricks (you can see it in the picture) is placed “dry”. After that mount the firebox door, which is several times wrapped with asbestos strips before installation. But it is necessary to do it so that the door opens well upwards. Fix the element with the wire and a pair of bricks.
- Again lay a brick flat, duplicating the previous row.
- Again the turn of the “rib” is the second and last row, in which bricks are laid in this manner. The exception is the next row, in which one of the walls is formed by masonry on the rib. The walls of the chimney must be wiped with a damp cloth.
- The bricks are laid flat according to the scheme. The back wall is made, again using the “on the rib” format.
- With this row close the firebox. A couple of bricks should overhang the firebox, so that the flame is moved to the middle of the hob. in case the stove will be used as a fireplace (without closing the firebox door).
- Slightly shift the bricks to the back wall to support the door of the firebox. Before the brickwork, lay strips of asbestos soaked in water. This ensures the sealing of the gap between the ceramic and the cast iron. Directly on the clay mortar cast-iron panel can not be put, otherwise the difference in the parameters of thermal expansion of materials will lead to cracks.
- At this stage starts the formation of the chimney. The last one, according to the plan, should extend smoothly to the back side. But only the chimney base is made of bricks. The rest of the chimney is made of light metal. Otherwise, the excess weight of the element can lead to a shift in the center of gravity of the stove.
- Here mount the flap, sealed with strips of asbestos. It is recommended to coat the last rows with clay mortar. This is the final row, which completes the erection of the oven directly from bricks with their own hands. The remaining couple of rows are given to the chimney, which will then be joined with a lighter channel made of metal.
After that we remove the bricks that were laid “dry” in the 4th row. At the same stage, the chimney and the surface of the stove are cleaned of debris.
The elementary oven does not require any serious decorations. The only decoration is whitewashing. It is recommended to add a little blue and milk to the composition. this will prevent the coating from forming a yellow stain and bleaching.
Important! Protect the brick and metal before the work. You can’t get rid of stains later if you don’t do it (with foil, for example).
Простая КИРПИЧНАЯ ПЕЧЬ ДЛЯ БАНИ своими руками. Порядовка, кладка, тест!
The joints between the brick and metal chimney, as well as the joints between ceramic and cast iron must be very well sealed.
It is necessary to close the joint between the stove bricks and the floor. This will prevent the underburning sand from getting into the room. The joint should preferably be covered with a sheet of g-shaped. Then a skirting is made, which serves both as a decoration and an additional element that prevents the “foundation” backfill from falling out.
A functioning stove
The oven is ready. The whole process took no more than one working day. Even now you can try to make a low-powered kindling. No logs can be used. only wood chips or paper. A wood-burning fire will create too high a temperature, and the structure will crack. For full setting of the mixture you need to give a week or two. After that, it is possible to heat it “maturely”.
Laying the foundation
Before folding the stove, it is necessary to prepare a solid base. The structure is quite heavy, so put it directly on the floor, even filled with cement screed, is not allowed. The foundation of the stove is a separate structure, not in contact with the base of the building. If you build a brick heater close to walls or build a corner fireplace, you need to indent at least 150 mm to leave a minimum gap of 10 cm between the foundations.
If the floors in the house are filled with screed, it is recommended to follow the following step-by-step instructions for laying the furnace foundation:
- Dismantle the screed section and dig a pit, protruding beyond the dimensions of the furnace by 50 mm on each side. The depth depends on the thickness of the top layer of subsidence soil.
- Pour a sand cushion 100 mm high and tamp it down. Fill the hole up to the top with natural rubble or broken bricks and then pour the grout.
- After curing lay a waterproofing layer of Ruberoid and set the formwork, projecting over the screed, as shown in the drawing.
- Grout out the concrete and pour the foundation slab. You can place reinforcing wire mesh in it for strength.
After 3 weeks (time of full hardening of concrete mixture) put a sheet of roofing steel on the ready base and on top. a felt impregnated with clay mortar or basalt cardboard. After that, you can start laying the body of the stove.
Scheme of the basement for wooden floors
To properly lay the furnace base for wooden floors, use the same algorithm, only instead of a concrete slab, lay the walls of red bricks (can be used) to the level of the flooring. Backfill the cavity inside with rubble or boulders and pour concrete over it. Next. a sheet of metal, clay-soaked felt and a solid first row of furnace masonry. Get more information you can by watching the video :
Preparatory work before starting to build a brick oven
It is necessary to choose the scheme of poryadovka. To determine the exact number of bricks, it is better to carry out the process of dry masonry first. This is important especially for those who are doing such work for the first time.
The dry masonry process is a preliminary work to assess the correctness of the row and the amount of selected materials. When laying a brick wood-burning stove with his own hands, poryadovka borrowed from the reference books, will assess the scale of work and labor costs, as well as determine the amount of material spent and cost.
How to properly build a stove
In the vast majority of cases, construction begins with a foundation for the future heat source. The exception may be an outdoor mini-stoves that because of the small weight are sometimes placed directly on the concrete screed of the yard. All others, regardless of location, must be erected on a solid base. over, it is not allowed that the foundation of the furnace is connected to the foundation of the house or arranged against it, it is necessary to leave a gap of at least 5 cm, and better. 10.
Important. Failure to meet this requirement can lead to the fact that after a year or two stove can crack and even deviate from the vertical.
If the house has a good base in the form of cement screed, and the total weight of the furnace does not exceed 750 kg, the device foundation is not required, the masonry can start directly from the screed, after laying the sheets of asbestos and roofing steel. The above constructions weigh more than 750 kg, and therefore they require a solid foundation. Stove foundations come in 2 types: natural stone and reinforced concrete.
Regardless of the type of foundation, you must first dig a hole whose dimensions exceed the area of the furnace by 10 cm on each side. The depth depends on the thickness of the top layer of black earth or other subsident soil, but the base of the foundation must rest on a denser layer. In the first case, the excavation is filled with rubble stone with dressing, using a solution of such components:
All the voids between the stones are also filled with this mortar, they also level the upper part, which is located at a depth of 80 mm from the floor. The reinforced concrete base is poured with a formwork and reinforcement mesh, having previously poured a cushion of crushed stone 10 cm thick at the bottom of the pit.
Important. After the mortar or concrete hardens, it is necessary to lay a waterproofing barrier of two layers made of ruberoid on top of the foundation.
The masonry of the furnace is carried out according to the rows with the observance of the thickness of joints within 35 mm. A few recommendations:
- After laying each row, you must check compliance with the vertical and horizontal with the plumb line and spirit level.
- Brick mortar can be applied with a trowel or by hand, and the stone may be lightly tapped after setting in place.
- Remnants of mortar are removed from both sides of the wall, with the inner one being wiped with a wet rag to create a smoother surface. This is to ensure that the flue gas resistance is as low as possible.
- When installing fittings and water tanks, it is important to ensure that there are no gaps between the masonry and metal surface, the joints must be carefully filled with mortar, otherwise the oven will smoke.
- After the construction is complete, wait 2 days for the mortar to dry completely, and then you can test-fire the stove, starting with a small amount of wood.
How to make a small stove at home is explained in detail at
Stove with a hob
In the simplest version, such a design has small dimensions (width 2, and depth 3 bricks. 78×53 cm). Nevertheless, even in such a limited space it is possible to place a single burner stove.
The work gets better, when you have everything you need at hand.
Therefore, buy the following materials and accessories in advance:
- Red solid brick. 107 pcs;
- Ash door. 1 pc;
- fire grate. 1 pc;
- One-burner cast-iron stove. 1 pc;
- Firebox hatch. 1 pc;
- Pipe slide. 1 pc.
Refractory bricks for a wood-fired stove are not needed. Buying them is a waste of money. But red should be chosen carefully, discarding cracked and uneven.
Masonry mix is made by mixing four parts of clay with one part of water and adding eight parts of sifted sand. Normal consistency is determined simply: the mortar slips easily from the master, leaving no stains on it. It must not leak from the joints during masonry.
The volume of mortar is determined, focusing on the number of bricks. If the joints are of an optimum thickness (3-5 mm), one bucket is enough for 50 pcs.
After laying the masonry mix, you can begin laying the foundation. Make it 10 cm wider than the width of the stove. The height of the foundation is chosen so that the bottom of the first row of bricks was at floor level.
If the basement is deep enough (50-60 cm), you do not need to dig a hole under the foundation. It is enough to make the formwork on the ground size of 76 x (5110cm). Lay two layers of roofing felt on its bottom to protect it from moisture. After laying the concrete, give it a week to gain strength, and then proceed to masonry.
We are considering a 3×1,5 brick (76×39 cm) stove with a hob.
Tip of the master: lay each new tier of bricks without mortar (dry). After adjusting the size of the bricks, you can start masonry.
The first row is placed on a layer of clay mortar (4-5 mm). Having leveled the base, lay out the second, leaving room for an ash door.
Before mounting the door to it need to screw a soft wire and put its ends in the joints for better fixation.
To compensate for the thermal expansion of the metal, a gap is left between the door and the brick. Before putting it in place the frame is wrapped with a wet asbestos cord.
Lay the third row by overlapping the joints of the second row. At this level in the firebox is installed the grate.
The fourth row is placed on the rib, observing the joints crossover, and forms the walls of the furnace chamber. Behind it will be the first and only flue (see section A-A in the diagram). To clean its bottom in the back wall without mortar, put the so-called knockout brick, periodically taken out to remove the ash. Inside the chimney make two stands of pieces of brick for the support of the internal partition.
The stones of the fifth row are placed flat, leaving room for the firebox door. At the back of the oven, on the layout, we can see the walls of the two chimney channels. Their surface during the work should be thoroughly cleaned with a wet rag from the clay protruding from the joints. This is an important prerequisite for good draught.
Useful tip! When referring to the blueprints, do not forget to look at the two cuts of the stove. They will help you to imagine its construction better and not to make a mistake when laying bricks.
ОТОПЛЕНИЕ ДОМА: МИНИ ПЕЧЬ ДЛЯ ДОМА СВОИМИ РУКАМИ порядовка чертёж печи.
Having risen into the masonry to the eighth row, block the firebox door, laying in the joints of the wire, fixing its frame. At the same level, in the back part of the fuel chamber is placed a brick with a beveled face. the chimney tooth. It improves the heat efficiency, preventing the quick release of flue gases into the chimney.
After finishing the ninth row, lay asbestos cord on it with clay mortar. It is necessary for sealing the joints between the cast iron plate and the brick. On the tenth row, the firebox is overlapped by the hob.
On the eleventh in the chimney install the smoke valve. It is also sealed on the contour with asbestos cord soaked in clay.
12 and 13 rows forming the walls of the pipe. After they are completed on the stove put a lightweight sheet metal chimney, which is derived on the roof.
Brick oven for the house with their own hands
How to erect a brick stove in the house with their own hands To date, quite a large popularity are used rows of heating and cooking stoves for the house from bricks, because in many private cottages are installed traditional heating apparatus. Poryadka makes it easy to make a brick oven for the house with your own hands.
Since ancient times brick or stone stoves have been the center of attention in homes, because it is both source of heat, a place to sleep and cook food, making the stove one of the most important places in the house.
Several hundred years ago it was simply impossible to imagine a private home in the country without a warm, high-quality and comfortable brick oven. Such a device was simultaneously a means of heating, a place for sleeping and cooking, so it is not surprising that the process of building stoves from bricks with their own hands was treated with due attention, only the best masters of this business were involved in the work.
Heating and cooking stove for the house made of bricks is able to provide the maximum amount of heat with a minimum of labor and money costs. If it was decided that it was necessary to make such a device, you will need to make this design yourself or involve qualified specialists. However, you should know that the work of a good master stove-maker is not cheap, therefore, it makes sense to try to build a stove yourself.
A list of all the elements that are necessary in order to be equipped with a brick oven for the house with their own hands:
With the necessary tools, such as a construction angle, level, hammer, emery and trowel, you can build a heating and cooking stove.
- ordinary bricks;
- Refractory bricks;
- A special mixture of sand and clay (or cement);
- construction angle;
- building level;
- chimney device;
- furnace door;
- hob flap;
- A container of water for soaking the bricks;
- waste bucket;
- pencil and ruler.
Features of the masonry scheme of a cooking stove for the house from bricks with their own hands Any poryadovka cooking and heating stove for the house is a certain scheme, according to which you can easily fold the heating apparatus with your own hands without any special skills and abilities.
Thanks to this design, which is made by master stove-makers, the cost and time of building a brick oven will be reduced at times, while the efficiency of this process will increase.
It is worth noting that the poryadovka heating furnace is made by specialists at the stage of masonry brick. Each step is written down, noting the sequence of masonry and the materials used to perform it.
In most cases, the masonry work is clear and concise, so that you can easily build your own oven without needing to call in outside craftsmen.
The structure of the Russian oven with the sizes and names of elements.
Poryadovka these stoves for the house of bricks is a process that consists of several steps. Each of such steps has its own unique characteristics and features, without knowledge of which the proper quality at minimum costs simply will not be possible.
It is necessary to consider the stages of creating a Swedish stove on the basis of ready-made poryadovka, which was written by master stove-makers with high qualifications.
On this occasion there is some advice. In addition to the poryadovka itself for quality construction of the furnace will need more various tools and materials. All of this will need to prepare in advance, so that in the process of equipping the oven from a brick not to lose time and do not have any problems.
Swedish style brick stove for the home has an ash-pan. This point should be taken into account in the process of work on the arrangement.
Pay attention to 1 row of bricks, because it is laid in strict accordance with the level and control all angles with a construction angle.
It is important to carefully monitor the parameters of the 1st row, because it will largely depend on the reliability and durability of the heating device, as well as its effectiveness.
The main stage in masonry brick oven is masonry first row, which should be set at the level and control all angles with a construction angle.
The basic stages of construction This instruction-arrangement says that after the first row of the furnace will be arranged, it is necessary to install the ash door, and then proceed to the masonry of the second row. It should be noted that in no case is allowed to fasten the door with a wire. For this purpose, it is recommended to use special metal plates of optimal parameters. In the third row of cooking and heating stove for a house of bricks is laid with their own hands in full compliance with the instructions. The configuration of the ashlar can be achieved by shaving bricks from both sides. Make sure that the height of the door corresponds to the height of the row.
The fourth row of bricks should be started from the left side. To begin with we need to install the door for cleaning the ash, without which it is impossible to ensure the normal operation of this equipment. The masonry work is carried out in the same sequence as in the scheme, but the ash-pan door must be blocked. Above the ash-pan the hole must be made, which will have a square shape. This can be achieved by folding the bricks in a special way.
When masonry the fifth row is performed narrowing the ash-pan hole. The row itself is similar to the 4th row and is done in almost the same way.
For the 6th row of the cooking and heating stove for the Swedish brick home poryadovka implies the use of special refractory bricks. In most cases, in a similar scheme, which was made by professional masters-furnaces, this type of brick will be marked with shading, which greatly simplifies masonry and eliminates the possibility of problems.
Before the grate brick must be chipped, which will significantly increase the efficiency and quality of fuel stacking in the operation of the furnace. At the same time the grate itself will use the fifth row of the brickwork as a support.
If a refractory brick is not available, an ordinary brick can be used. However, it should be remembered that the qualities of refractory bricks are significantly superior to those of ordinary bricks, in addition, the material is able to withstand the effects of high temperatures well.
Make sure there is a 10-15 mm gap between the bricks of the 6th row and the grate. In this case, this gap is filled with ash or sand and serves as a kind of compensator for the expansion of the grating metal during operation. The U-shaped channel of the furnace, which was obtained earlier, is overlapped so that in the end there are 3 new channels. At this stage the firebox hatch will be installed, for which the 6th row of the masonry is used as a support.
The quality of refractory bricks determines how long the furnace will serve its owner without repair.
The 8th and 9th rows of Swedish brickwork are the same as the 7th row. Note that the height of row 9 must be at the same height as the furnace chamber door. Bricks need to be cut on both sides to cover the partition between the furnace chamber and the left channel: this is necessary for the effective and smooth transition of gases into the channel from the furnace.
The 10th row of the furnace is made of refractory bricks. The peculiarity of this particular row can be called a strictly vertical positioning with a building level. This must be done because the poryadovka this type of furnace requires laying on such bricks special cooking flooring. The furnace door should overlap, and in the last row should be left only 2 channels, which have a strictly square cross-section.
On the 10th row the differences between the furnace layout of cooking and heating stoves for a house made of bricks and directly other types of heating devices will be quite insignificant.
Further implies the installation of a special flap of the cooking surface, after that the overlap of the chamber door and the installation of the door. In addition, the equipment of the ventilation chamber and the chimney is performed, which makes it possible to safely and effectively use the brick oven without any complaints.
Arrangement of the chimney of the furnace for the house with their own hands Arrangement of the cooking and heating furnace for the house of bricks implies the mandatory creation of a chimney. Masters in most schemes indicate the method and type of equipment design, which is intended for the removal of combustion products and flue gases, but in some cases, the choice of one or the other option will lie entirely on the owner of the property.
The chimney will need to pay special attention and treat the process of its construction with great care, because much of its functionality will depend on the quality and efficiency of the furnace.
To date, there are a sufficiently large number of designs of devices for the removal of gases. In most cases they are all the same type, but among them there are some original ones that are used exclusively for special types of stoves. With such a variety of designs can effectively pick up a chimney for absolutely any furnace, including the one that is performed according to the Swedish poryadovka.
The main features of masonry stoves for the house of bricks To date, poryadovka cooking and heating stoves for the house of bricks is a scheme, according to which without any problems you can equip absolutely any design for efficient heating of a private home.
The use of such poryadovok provides an opportunity to obtain a large number of advantages, among which the following can be highlighted:
- Affordable cost. The use of the scheme, which was compiled by professional masters furnace production, allows you to save on the services of specialists. Even a person who has no special training and skills in construction, can in the shortest time to create a fully functioning stove on the poryadovka.
- Great choice of design variants. In specialized literature and the Internet today there are a large number of all kinds of videos and photos of simple and detailed layouts, with which it is easy to heat the cottage or country house. You can choose from traditional heating stoves as well as specialized ovens, such as ovens or cookers.
- Saving your time. Any scheme of masonry even the most complicated furnace makes it possible to complete all work on the arrangement of heating equipment in the shortest possible time. In this regard, such time savings can have a positive effect on finances and will allow you to provide heating of your own house of any size in the shortest possible time.
- Convenient and clear schemes. Stove masonry schemes are created by masters-furnacemakers so that everyone, even those who have no special education, can understand them.
- Detailed material schedules and exact sequence. Thanks to the use of a ready-made scheme, you can not be afraid of mistakes and poor-quality work of the heating device.
Ready-made laying schemes of brick ovens are a great opportunity to improve the quality of construction of devices, to make possible the arrangement of any type and constructive options.
Large selection of schemes, a small amount of time and accessibility of the construction process makes it possible to create a heating device of various sizes and with great functionality.
Heating wood stove made of bricks
The work of the stovemaker can be rightly called an art, as it requires special skills and knowledge. Fold the furnace according to all the rules, you can only carefully study the instructions and the scheme of laying.
Appearance of a heating wood stove made of brick
If you decide to try yourself as a stove-maker and do not want to make mistakes, follow all the rules of work and the choice of necessary material. In order not to have problems with the fire inspection, you need to know that the chimneys and stoves are installed in accordance with SNIP 41 01 2003.
Proper poryadovka heating furnace made of brick
For a person who does not have special construction skills and unprepared, erecting such a structure as a heating stove brick poryadovka will be quite a complex event. Therefore, many often resort to the help of qualified professionals, who are able to pre-prepare the necessary scheme of work and calculate the process of laying bricks for furnace arrangement (about “Brick heating furnaces with their own hands. it’s not as complicated as it looks”).
Such a scheme includes a complete system, taking into account ventilation, chimney and other elements required for the normal operation of the entire structure.
Such detailed drawings allow you to quickly and efficiently design heating stoves made of brick with poryadovka, without having to perform any additional calculations or costly measures (“Heating stoves Kuznetsova: drawings and poryadovka with their own hands”). Dimensions of the future furnace on such plans are not applied, but the scheme itself makes it possible to carry out the entire installation procedure in accordance with all the rules of installation.
Varieties of brick stoves
Any brick stove must have several important qualities. It is fire safety, effective warming of the air in the room and the absence of smoke. Almost all types of brick ovens have these properties.
- Heating. is responsible for heating the house or a particular room.
- Cooking. intended for cooking, including fruit drying.
- Heat-boiling. is a universal variety.
To build one of the above-mentioned types of brick oven with their own hands can be difficult, because you need to have certain skills. However, if you choose a simple heating model made of brick, it is possible to build it yourself.