Types of portable sewing machines
The following models are suitable for home use.
- Stationary. Look the same as a normal sewing machine, but smaller in size. Have a simple design and compact. These models are available in electromechanical control. As a rule, they are equipped with 5-10 basic operations, which is enough for home use.
- Portable models can work without being connected to the mains. They have a compartment for batteries. Functionality is similar to the first type.
- Hand-held portable sewing machines are in demand. They work on the principle of a stapler. The fabric is pierced with the needle, creating an even and neat straight stitch.
The most expensive are the stationary models. If you can not afford to buy a full-fledged sewing machine, you should pay attention to the stitchers.
When choosing a budget model, you need to know what you can save on, and what will be the key to work.
Type of control
There are electromechanical and electronic (computer) devices. The first type is characterized by simple operation and reliability. All settings are adjusted with the levers or wheels on the body. Electronic models have a board inside and a display outside. Their functionality is wider, for example, such machines can do different stitches, buttonholes. But they are much more expensive. At the same time, modern electromechanical devices also provide many opportunities for sewing.
- Vertical swinging shuttle lasts the longest and works well with dense fabrics. This type came before the others. In the past, almost all machines with these shuttles sewed long and with a high noise level. But modern models often don’t have this drawback.
- Horizontal shuttles are easy to use. The only difficulty is the tension of the lower thread, t.к. It is difficult to regulate.
- Vertical rotating (rotating). designed for industrial use and tailoring.
Type of fabric
Before buying, you should think about what kind of fabrics you are taking the machine to work with. The thicker the material, the more powerful the machine will need. If you want to process lightweight thin fabrics, you will need to buy a machine with the appropriate modes.
To work comfortably, the equipment and design are also important. So, a sleeve platform, a compartment for sewing accessories or accessories, additional feet will come in handy.
The advantage will be the availability of additional functions. Among the most useful it is worth mentioning the following:
- Stitch settings. selecting their type, direction, and number of stitches;
- the ability to make decorative stitches to decorate your clothes;
- automatic buttonhole;
- Disabling the bottom feeder, so you can set the direction of the material yourself (useful when darning, embroidery);
- double presser foot lift. for voluminous items (blankets, jackets);
- Threading machine. to save time and effort that are often spent on the threading;
- sewing speed adjustment. especially useful for beginners or when sewing difficult places.
When choosing your first sewing machine, you should pay attention to the following criteria.
Number of stitches
For repairing clothes, sewing bedding and simple things fit a simple machine with basic stitches. straight, overcasting and “zigzag. If you plan to go to a professional level in the future and monetize your hobby, you should choose a unit with a wider functionality. Useful stitches include overlock, hemming, elastic. Machines with more than 20 stitches are superfluous for beginners.
The type of shuttle that is involved in threading is important. Vertical shuttle is familiar, suitable for thick fabrics, rarely breaks. Models with a horizontal hook have a wider variety of stitches than with a vertical hook. Also such devices are quieter and prevent thread breaks when sewing.
Type of fabric
Different machines work with different types of fabric. Some only work with thin stitches, some only with thick. If you have to work with different types of fabric, it is desirable that the machine has a function to adjust the presser foot.
Also makes sewing easier with the pin function. no need to tie a knot at the end of the stitching. Among the useful features also include the ability to change the stitch length. It depends on the accuracy of the stitch on fabrics of different density. Also good if you can change the width of the stitch “zigzag”. This will help you to accurately finish your stitches.
Type of control
Machines differ in the type of control. On the shelves you can find models with electronic and electromechanical control. The latter are characterized by the simplicity of the mechanism, reliability, affordable price. It is the best choice for starting. Computer models can be recognized by the presence of the display. They are expensive, and for beginners sewing is not recommended.
It is desirable that the device has a power of 80. 90 watts. It will allow you to work with most types of fabrics. Machine in 40. 50 watts stitches only thin fabric.
Not the least important is the brand of sewing machine for beginners. If the model is a well-known brand, it will be easy to repair it. If the machine is less common, it is likely that it will be difficult to find a service center or spare parts.
best tips for choosing a sewing machine with overlock
Sew clothes from any material, including knitwear, beautifully handle the cut of the product and not to spend money on a separate overlock can be bought a sewing machine with overlock. Modern functional models allow you to create any home ware almost without limitation. On how to choose the right sewing machine with overlock function for the home, we tell in detail in our article.
Immediately denote that in these models, you will not find a full-fledged built-in overlock, which can trim the fabric. These are common household machines with overlock stitches. But they allow you to work with elastic and inelastic fabrics, getting quality seams. In such machines there are knitted stitches for stitching, for processing seams (separate for elastic and non-elastic materials).
Types of sewing machines
There are 3 types of machines on the market. We did not consider outdated mechanical options, which were received from grandmothers and left in the closet. Manufacturers make Accent on technology, so there are electromechanical, electronic and computer sewing machines to choose from.
The peculiarity of these devices is the combination of a mechanical system and an electric motor. The user himself exhibits the settings and modes, which remain in the memory of the device. These machines usually have a lot of knobs, buttons and levers. They are reliable and not very expensive, suitable for home use. They are chosen by novice masters who want to master all the functions. These models are not capable of making complex stitches, but can handle all the popular operations.
These machines have a huge number of functions. They are equipped with an electric motor, the processes are automated and controlled by an electronic unit. The seamstress does not need to build parameters on their own, the characteristics are already in the microprocessor. The machine detects the criteria correctly. The machine operator sees the parameters on the display. These models are suitable for both beginners and professionals. Minus is a high price. Not everyone needs so many features.
The most modern, sophisticated models. They are controlled by a program on a small computer. Such machines not only sew and buttonholes, but also perform up to 500 kinds of stitches and greatly facilitate the work. For example, they signal a thread break and automatically adjust the presser foot pressure. Computer machines are rarely bought for the home, because the price is justified if the seamstress uses all the functions. And they beginners and even experienced craftsmen often do not need.
How to choose your first sewing machine
In this article we will try to tell our readers about what is a modern household sewing machine, will classify, compare the proposed market models of machines, talk about what can be done with the help of machines of different types. We would like to warn you right away that this article does not cover sewing and embroidery machines, the cost and capabilities of which are very far removed from even the most sophisticated sewing machines. A separate article is devoted to the choice of such machines.
Technical parameters of the equipment are of paramount importance. Occasional light-duty jobs can be performed by inexpensive models with moderate productivity features. When choosing equipment for frequent use, complex manipulations, it is better to buy a high-performance modification.
The sewing machine is powered by a motor:
Universal. Operates on DC and AC power. Originally produced only with AC motor, now it is available in inexpensive models. Needle puncture force in such devices is proportional to sewing speed. This is not the best effect on “difficult” and capricious fabrics. But you can buy a model with the option to adjust the puncture force. This ensures a high quality of stitching in different fabrics.
Low-voltage (direct current). Used in modern models, which are equipped with electronic control module. Puncture force adjustment is automatic, based on the selected mode.
When choosing a typewriter, it is recommended to assess the key performance indicators:
How to Choose a Sewing Machine | Beginner Sewing 101| LYDIA NAOMI
Power of the motor. Starting from 70 W for electromechanics and starting from 30 W for computerized modification are optimal for the interaction with most types of fabrics. If the power is less, the sewing machine is suitable only for simple repairs, work with thin fabrics.
Maximum sewing speed. Ranges from 400 to 6000 stitches per minute. Average performance of the equipment during standard operation without loss of quality. 600-1600. An important criterion for the choice is the presence of the speed limit function. First of all, it is important for beginners, because it excludes breaks and marriage. Speed is adjusted by a pedal (degree of pressure) or a special switch on the body (in electronic modifications).
Number of stitches. The basic number needed for work is 10-30. Advanced modifications can have a value of more than a hundred.
Stitch length. Manufacturers in the description of the device indicate the maximum stitch length. The parameter reflects the distance between the punctures made by the needle. Is between 2-12 mm and shows how much thicker fabrics can work with the technique (short stitches are suitable for light materials, long. with dense materials). Sufficient stitch length limit. 4-6 mm.
Width of stitches. affects the expressiveness of decorative seams. Optimal rate. from 6 mm (maximum 9 mm).
How to choose a sewing machine for home use: TOP 11 best models with different types of shuttles
Sewing machines in stores today presented a huge variety. of course, a person who is not much versed in their features, to buy a quality model will be difficult. Without recommendations from the experts here can not do without, so they will tell you how to choose a sewing machine for home use, what models are considered the best today, as well as what to look for when buying.
How to choose a sewing machine for home use
What else should we pay attention to?
All machines in our rating have the bare minimum necessary for home sewing: straight stitches, zigzag, overcasting, elastic stitching. A useful bonus will be an automatic buttonhole (one or more types). An interesting bonus is the decorative stitches. These, for example, can be beautifully trimmed the edge or decorate clothes.
The ability to sew fabrics of different thickness
How the machine will work with thin and capricious or thick and coarse fabrics depends on the type of its shuttle and other parameters (power, the material from which the mechanism is made, the presence of foot pressure adjustment on the fabric, the quality of the bottom conveyor, etc.).).
The ability to turn off the bottom feeder
The bottom feeder feeds the fabric in one direction, in a straight line. The ability to disable the conveyor allows you to move the material in the direction you need it. a must for darning, quilting, free-motion machine embroidery.
Foot lifting height
Double presser foot lift is useful if you plan to sew large materials (e.g. quilts or sewing synthetic jackets).
Saves time, effort and nerves when threading the needle.
Sewing speed adjustment
Useful feature for beginners, but useful for experienced stitchers when sewing in awkward positions.
First of all, these extra feet. Each machine usually comes with a universal foot (straight stitch and zigzag), plus a few extras. In general, the range of footwear is very wide and you can always buy the necessary accessories for the machines of major manufacturers. As a rule, a set of universal needles of different thicknesses is included with the machines, but these needles need to be changed regularly (buying them separately): they blunt from work, and their sharpness affects the quality of sewing. Please note: if the machine sews denim, leather, and knitwear, you may need a different type of needle for each of these materials. they are also sold separately.