Cleaning the filter of the vacuum cleaner depending on its type, brush and hose
Household vacuum cleaners for quality filtration of air coming out after the suction of the garbage are equipped with different filters, there can be from one to three.
Also in the role of additional filters are special bags for waste, aquafilter and press in the cyclone.
Regardless of the manufacturer of the vacuum cleaner: Samsung, LG, Bosch, Philips, Kercher, Dyson or other brand, cleaning the same filters follows the same protocol. In this article, we will tell you how to clean all the filters of your vacuum cleaner.
Any cleaning of the vacuum cleaner should be done only after it is disconnected from the power supply.
steps for the reusable filter
Use cold water, do not add detergents. Avoid heavy rubbing with the brush to avoid damaging the material. Do not perform any manipulation without disconnecting the appliance from the power supply. Procedure is simple:
- Refer to the owner’s manual. If the manual is missing, download an electronic version from the Internet (specify the manufacturer, make, and model number of the device).
- Disassemble the vacuum cleaner or air filter. It is recommended to do this outside or in a garage, as even non-standard HEPA filters contain a lot of dirt and dust. It is best to have a garden hose or faucet nearby. If you have a compact unit and are confident that the dust spilled is not a hazard, remove the element at home and wash it in the sink.
- Remove the container or panel behind which the element is concealed, then remove it from the appliance. If your vacuum cleaner model has special nuances in the removal of parts, refer to the instruction manual.
- Touch the HEPA filter garbage can with your hand. the dirt will peel off more easily.
- Apply moderate water pressure (strong water can damage it, weak water will not flush the clog). Cold water or room temperature water will do. Rinse until the flow is clear. Rinse on both sides, cylindrical copies only on the outside. Or immerse in a bucket of water for 10 minutes.
- Drying naturally. Shake off any remaining water and leave to dry in the sun until completely dry (24 hours). Avoid using a clothes dryer, hair dryer and other methods.
The appliance should be cared for regularly, washing it at least once a month. But even reusable HEPA filters have a shelf life of 1 to 2 years (depending on how often you vacuum and rinse).
What is a HEPA filter in a vacuum cleaner?
Nowadays the HEPA filter has become an indispensable attribute in the design of vacuum cleaners to prevent air pollution, as well as in cleaning systems (air conditioners, ventilation systems). The main task of the filter is to trap fine dust particles with a size of 0.01-1 microns, which, if deposited in a person’s lungs, can adversely affect health and cause allergies or even asthma.
How does a HEPA filter help prevent indoor air pollution?? When vacuuming, it sucks in large and small debris on one side and exhausts the airflow with small dust particles on the other side, as if “moving” the dust from one place to another. In order to trap these particles, a HEPA filter is used, which is installed in the vacuum cleaner at the outlet of the air stream.
A HEPA filter is a type of high efficiency air filter that can be deciphered as High Efficiency Particulate Absorption or High Efficiency Particulate Air or High Efficiency Particulate Arrestance. Also called a fine dust filter. It is made of fiber materials with a diameter of 0.65-6.5 microns, which are randomly placed at a distance of 10-40 microns.
HEPA filters look like a folded pouch that is fixed in the filter housing. The peculiarity of the design is explained by the necessity of increasing the specific surface area of the filter to trap as many fine dust particles as possible. Some filters have a filtering surface area of up to 3.7 m².
The design of the HEPA filter must meet the following requirements:
- Filter media must be evenly pleated in order to ensure equal filtration efficiency over the entire surface. Otherwise, air movement will be impeded in areas with tight-fitting pleats.
- The filter housing must fit tightly over the frame of the vacuum cleaner, otherwise the airflow would follow the path of least resistance and the filtering effect would significantly decrease.
The kind of HEPA filters
A distinction is made between disposable and reusable HEPA filters according to the type of filter material.
Disposable HEPA Filters
Disposable filters are made of thin sheets of paper (cellulose), sometimes with the addition of glass fiber.
The advantages of disposable HEPA filters:
- Low wear resistance, it is quite easy to damage the filter material;
- it is forbidden to wash with water (if the paper gets wet, it deforms);
- Keeps back the dust particles up to 0,3 micron and allows the smaller particles to pass through.
Reusable HEPA filters
Unlike paper filters, reusable HEPA filters are made of fluoroplastic or, as manufacturers call it, expanded Poly Tetra Fluor Ethylene (ePTFE). It is a synthetic, hydrophobic material. This material is primarily used to produce high efficiency filters.
Advantages of reusable HEPA filters:
- high cost;
- require careful drying, because mold, fungus and unpleasant odor can appear on the filter due to residual moisture.
To prevent the growth of harmful microorganisms, some manufacturers of HEPA filters impregnate the filter material with a special chemical composition. When buying a HEPA filter or vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter it is reasonable to ask whether such protection is included.
The principle of the HEPA filter
The main difference between a HEPA filter and other filters is that the following mechanisms are involved in the filtration process:
The interception effect is a phenomenon in which dust particles only need to touch the filter media in order to adhere to the filter media. This effect is based on such physical processes as adhesion and autogeasy. Adhesion promotes adhesion of dust to the pure fibers of the filter material, and autogesis promotes coating of dust to the already adhered particles. Thus, multilayer conglomerates are formed. This mechanism is the most important for particles of medium size (0.1-0.4 μm), as they are the most difficult to escape from the air stream. Such dust is called Most Penetrating Particle Size (MPPS).
If you add all the mechanisms into one graph, you can see that a HEPA filter is most effective at trapping particles smaller than 0.1 μm and larger than 0.4 μm. For the medium range, however, namely for particles with maximum penetration, it is the least effective. This is the fundamental factor in the classification of HEPA filters.
Classification of HEPA filters by efficiency class
HEPA filters are classified according to DIN EN 1822-1 and ISO 29463-1 as follows:
|Group||HEPA filter grade||Particle retention efficiency MPPS, %|
|DIN EN 1822-1||ISO 29463-1|
|E11||ISO 15 E||≥ 95|
|ISO 20 E||≥ 99|
|E12||ISO 25 E||≥ 99,5|
|ISO 30 E||≥ 99,9|
|HEPA||H13||ISO 35 H||≥ 99,95|
|ISO 40 H||≥ 99,99|
|H14||ISO 45 H||≥ 99,995|
|ISO 50 H||≥ 99,999|
|ULPA||U15||ISO 55 U||≥ 99,9995|
|ISO 60 U||≥ 99,9999|
|U16||ISO 65 U||≥ 99,99995|
|ISO 70 U||≥ 99,99999|
|U17||ISO 75 U||≥ 99,999995|
Fabric or paper bag
Models with such “filters” are especially popular, as they are in the medium price segment, are easy to use and serve for a long time, provided they are used properly.
Paper dustbags are considered disposable, remove and discard as they are filled, without opening them.
For cloth dustbags, which are reusable, the following cleaning algorithm is used:
- Remove the bag from the plastic holder inside the vacuum cleaner, gently lifting it out, being careful not to make any sudden movements. This will avoid the spread of dust and debris.
- Transfer the bag to a large plastic bag of such size that the dust bag can be turned over and the contents emptied.
- After waiting for the dust to settle, gently pull out the bag and dispose of the plastic bag with the debris.
- Clean the bag manually or mechanically, depending on the material. Dust collector should be dried naturally on a clothesline.
Most instructions on how to clean the filter of Samsung vacuum cleaners and other brands do not recommend wet cleaning the bags. But it is recommended to do this procedure once in a while, in order to achieve better cleaning of the dust collector from dirt.
General rules on how to clean a vacuum cleaner filter
So, we have found that most filters, except paper bags, are not afraid of water and can be washed. But how to do it right?
- Clean it after each use! A clogged filter system can lead to overloading and motor failure.
- Always unplug the appliance before cleaning.
- Use soft sponges or bristle brushes, no cleaning agents.
- Do not wash the parts in the dishwasher or washing machine, do not dry them with a hair dryer or on a radiator.
- When you remove and put back into place do not forcefully press on the clamps that hold the filter so as not to damage the part itself and mounting tabs.
- Cleaning is best done outside or on the balcony, because the dust contains many microorganisms that are harmful to inhale.
Before you put all the elements back in place, check that they are intact, without damage. Don’t operate your vacuum cleaner with a broken or dry filter, or without a filter, to avoid breaking it.
How to clean a HEPA filter
This article will walk you through the cleaning options for reusable (washable) and disposable (replaceable) HEPA filters. Also, here’s how to use it properly to keep it in good condition.
- Check the unit’s manual to see if the filter can be washed. Some filters must be washed periodically, whereas any contact with water will destroy others. If you do not have your unit manual, you can look up your unit’s manufacturer and model number online to read the manual.
- If possible, disassemble the outside of the appliance to prevent dirt and debris from entering your home. Large filters can be bulky and contain a lot of dirt and debris. If your filter is small and easy to handle, you can simply remove the filter indoors and rinse it in the sink.
- Make sure your air purifier or vacuum cleaner is turned off and unplugged. Remove the panel that houses the filter, and then remove the filter from the unit.Check the instruction manual if you don’t know how to remove the filter properly.
- The filter can be covered in dirt and debris, depending on the type of appliance and how often you clean the filter. Hold the filter over the garbage can and tap it gently on the garbage can. This will dislodge any excess debris and loosen any accumulated dirt.
- Rinse the filter under running water until the water is clear and free of dirt. Some manufacturers recommend rinsing with warm water, while others provide only cold water, so check the appliance manual. Rinse both sides of the filter.
- Allow the filter to dry completely before reinserting it. Shake off any excess water and then leave the filter to air dry for at least 24 hours.Never put the filter in a tumble dryer, do not use a dryer with a blower, and do not use any other method than a natural air drying.
Can we wash the HEPA filter??
Before answering this question. it is necessary to find out what type your filter belongs to. There are disposable и reusable HEPA filters. They differ in material and care.
Disposable hepa filter is made of fiberglass and cardboard. Or rather, several layers of corrugated paper, which makes it most vulnerable. Washing such a filter is strictly forbidden! Otherwise, the “accordion” in the shape of which it is made. will deform and become a useless material. Even if after washing the filter will seem perfectly clean! Particularly persistent do not leave attempts to reanimate the disposable filter. they try to blow them out. But it is also useless! After a couple of such attempts the filter will finally stop producing any effect. So one piece of advice: do not waste energy and time, replace the filter! And it costs a pretty penny.
Reusable (replaceable) HEPA filter is much more expensive, since it is made of synthetic materials. Most often. from fluoroplastic. Perfectly neutralizes odors and traps microscopic dust particles. Has a longer durability. The letter “W” (washing) in the model name and in the manual of the vacuum cleaner certifies that such filter is not afraid of water, and it means that you can wash it safely.
How to clean a vacuum cleaner filter: instructions
Note that you can try to clean disposable filters, but you should not do it, because you will not get long-lasting and good results.
If your vacuum doesn’t pull or warm properly and the sound changes, check the filters and check for clogging of the hose with cellophane or other air-tight debris.
Let’s understand which types of filters in a vacuum cleaner clean and which don’t.
Garbage bag or dust bag.
Paper and thin synthetics are not washable. In a small apartment, they last from a few cleanings, to a month of regular work, depending on the area and the amount of debris. Fabric bags can be cleaned, shaken, and even washed. The base plate, where the bag attaches to the cleaner, is usually made of plastic with a rubber grommet inside. They can also be cleaned with a compressed air stream.
Depending on the model and design of the vacuum cleaner, to remove the bag, you must either open the lid on the faceplate (takes up most of its area) or another lid designed specifically for this purpose. When you see the bag, pay attention to its attachment: it may be fixed with a snap or a clothespin. In the latter case, you need to press the fastening lever and remove the bag from the hook, after which you can clean it as you wish.
A cyclone filter is a plastic container in which debris is pressed against the walls and held by centrifugal force. Such dust-collector also can be washed, of course preliminarily having switched off the vacuum cleaner. This type allows you to quickly and conveniently get rid of debris, unlike the previous one. it does not need to be brushed or washed. It is enough to shake out the garbage, and in case of heavy clogging to rinse with water and let it dry.
Usually removed from the vacuum cleaner by a separate module, remotely resembling a chart or kettle. After removal, you will be able to remove the cover and throw out all the contents.
A good type that traps particles in the water. After cleaning, cleaning consists of pouring out the dirty water and washing the filter itself. The removal and construction as a whole is remotely similar to the cyclone type, and the principle of operation resembles a hookah. Dust comes into the container from above, the water filter is 1/3 full (depending on the model).
The air from the container is sucked in such a way that there is a layer of water and a baffle between the air intake (hose) and the turbine. There’s no connection between the inlet and outlet, everything’s airtight. That way, just like a hookah draft, where the smoke passes through the water. also passes dust and “incoming” air. Dust goes through this layer, soaks and settles, and a clean air stream comes out of the water.
The foam filters are used as a filter in front of the motor and at the outlet of the vacuum cleaner along with the HEPA filter elements. They are easy to clean with a brush that is not too stiff. Also can be washed.
This is best done with soap or other detergent. So you get rid of unpleasant odors.
Do not squeeze the filter too much, better to let it dry on its own. That way, you prolong the life of the foam and do not deform it. Otherwise it will either tear or not fit properly. Also note that when you brush your vacuum cleaner, you can tear it.
You can make a new one with your own hands from a sponge, such as dishwashing sponge. It is better if the foam is not too porous to let the dust through, and not too dense so as not to obstruct the airflow.
Modern filters of this type come in paper. disposable and plastic. The last type of “HEPA” is easy to clean. To remove lumps of dust, use a brush with a medium-hard lint brush (to avoid damaging the element) and rinse it under water. After that. dry it.
- Disconnect the power;
- Open the cover that hides the dust canister;
- Remove the filter. One is installed on the back side of the vacuum cleaner. To remove it, simply open the rear grille (it can be at the bottom) and lightly pull the filter.
Filters of all types and purposes can be held in place by plastic latches or levers. So once again carefully inspect everything if the element is not removed.
The rarest of all listed filter types. The special thing about it is that it “removes” unpleasant odors. Structurally, the carbon element is rectangular in shape. a plastic base, which is filled with compressed carbon granules. It’s disposable, the most you can do is brush away clogged dust. Due to the high price, it is difficult to change it and it is worth noting that it always absorbs odors, not just when the vacuum cleaner is running.
It is actually possible to clean any filter, but only polymer foam and HEPA elements are water-tolerant.
Как чистить пылесос. уход за циклонным пылесосом. Какой пылесос лучше
All paper fiber elements should not be wet, if you still want to clean them. you can blow with compressed air, for example, from a compressor for pumping up the wheels of the car.
Better to clean outside or on the balcony. Remember that dust contains many bacteria, including dust mites.
Feb 17, 2019, 09:18 PM Feb 1, 2019 4:19 PM About Offenses Link to current article
Ways to clean them
In industrial and some high-priced vacuum cleaners built-in automatic filter cleaning function. Nevertheless, even in them, in the process of active use of the vacuum cleaner, clogs, and to clean it, you have to resort to manual methods. These include:
Only reusable filter elements should be washed, while paper ones should not be washed. To clean them, the filters are knocked out, shaken out and blown around.
And it should not be done indoors, because the dust particles and germs that come out in the process of such cleaning can cause significant harm to human health.
Как восстановить Hepa фильтр пылесоса
When washing neuron it is necessary to strictly follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Because microbes can form and multiply on the filters even when they are cleaned in time, they must be replaced in good time.
Filter elements in a vacuum cleaner are not the least important. They protect the engine of the device from clogging with dust. In the process of exploitation they can get clogged, and as a result in the best case the suction power of the vacuum cleaner will significantly decrease, and in the worst case it will simply break. To improve the suction power it is necessary to clean the filter elements. Such action can increase the retraction force up to 80%, but 100% result will give only a complete replacement.