Brick lining options for an iron stove in the country house
Iron stove. a great heating tool that gives your dacha comfort and coziness. How to wrap an iron stove in brick in a country house and make it look beautiful? About this further.
Iron stove. a heating unit, which is distinguished by its strength, versatility, low weight and solid construction. It can be metal or steel, cast iron, chamber, channel and cap.
Metal stove is usually created from ordinary steel. This material can withstand a stable temperature of four hundred degrees. With a short time of firing, this figure can increase to six hundred degrees. The steel model is four millimeters thick.
It is worth noting that there are devices characterized by a long burning fuel. Their body is not exposed to heat and the heat output is high due to the use of heat accumulators.
It is not uncommon when a metal furnace is created from heat-resistant steel. The minimum thickness of the metal in this case is three millimeters. This reduces the weight of the product. The coefficient of performance is 80 percent, and the working life of about twenty years.
Please Note! Such devices are safe, efficient and easy to install. They are available as chamber, duct or bell type.
Cast iron furnace. another kind of metal models, which in terms of strength characteristics is not inferior to steel, but it can be compared to the ceramic model in terms of heat capacity and brittleness. The thickness of the product is from six to twenty-five millimeters. Note! With a thicker layer of material, the expansion from temperature will be so great that the stove will be damaged.
Please note! The efficiency of the cast-iron model is high, but it is realized only when the area of the house is not more than 60 square meters.
- refractory clay cement;
- cement for porcelain stoneware;
- clay sand;
- Ready-made refractory stove mortar based on red clay.
In the first place, bet on the purchase of fine mountain sand, it is he who has the highest heat resistance characteristics. Before using, pass it through a sieve with a mesh of 1.5 mm, cleaning the sand from impurities and small stones.
Important: the finer the sand, the stronger the mortar and thinner the joints between the bricks during masonry.
Masters believe that it will be problematic for a beginner to determine the correct ratio of components, because the consistency of the solution can be affected by the fatness of the clay. Therefore, it is advisable to conduct a mini-experimentation before using.
Prepare 5 pieces of liter jars of gypsum, having previously passed it through a sieve, cleaning it from lumps and impurities. In the first jar to the clay do not add any ingredients, in the second. pour the sand at a ratio of 1:10, in the third. the water in the jar ¼ of sand, in the fourth you need to add ¾ to the clay, and in the fifth sand and clay should be in a ratio of 1:1.
Knead a plasticine-like consistency with water and make small lumps with a diameter of up to 7 cm and small pancakes with a thickness of 3-5 mm. After careful drying it will take up to two weeks maximum, throw the prepared versions on a hard surface from a height of 1 meter, but not with all the force. The one that will withstand the fall and remain intact is suitable.
Note that the mixture should be lump-free and free to come off the trowel! Check for readiness in the following way: apply the mortar on the brick and put it to the masonry, after 5 minutes it should stick firmly.
Why you need brick cladding
Without a stove in a private home or bath it is impossible to create comfort and coziness. Units made of metal have undeniable advantages, including:
But due to the fact that metal is characterized by high heat capacity and the case made of it quickly heats up and similarly quickly cools down, many property owners prefer brick structures, despite their massive.
To heat a metal unit, it takes only half an hour, but to maintain constant heat in the house, the fuel in it must constantly burn. True, much depends on the design features of the device. For example, a long-burning stove can effectively function for a day on just one load of fuel.
To significantly extend the heating time it is necessary to figure out how to brick the metal furnace in the house. Thanks to this increases the time of heat production by several times. Bricks tend to heat up for a long time and cool down slowly. Therefore even when all the wood in the furnace chamber has already burned, the heated walls of the structure will continue to give off heat for a few hours more.
When a metal stove is in operation, its body is very hot, and careless contact with it will be enough to get a serious burn. If the unit is fenced with brickwork, it will help protect the occupants of the house from such wounds. Of course, its surface will not be cold, but it will not get hot enough to hurt your skin.
Besides, a metal stove with bricks looks more beautiful and original. In this case, the masonry can be performed using decorative techniques or paint it. As a result, the interior of the room will be transformed for the better.
Make a new wood stove and oven. From red bricks and cement
The choice of bricks and mortar for masonry
The metal stove is not a normal building brick, but a full-bodied refractory brick (stove brick) is used to encase the metal stove. I just bought a red one, without any details, though on the market there were interesting examples with a textured surface. they are more expensive, but for decorative purposes it’s just right. In general, I decided not to deviate from the planned estimates and did not increase the construction cost. I took a regular flat brick (although now sometimes I regret)!).
Cement wood stove / Firewood stove made from cement and Stainless Steel Sink / DIY Wood Stoves /
For the mortar of masonry I used cement mortar with the addition of a small amount of fireclay (some masters use for this clay mortar, mixed with clay and sand or mix cement mortar with glue for porcelain tiles. you can use these options and bonding compositions).
Diagram of the iron oven brickwork: view from the anteroom.
If for some reason the arrangement of the pillar foundation causes difficulties, you can make a solid construction.
- Make a hole 0.25 0.3 m deep.
- According to the above-described scheme, the only difference is that it is better to bring it to a more liquid state.
- The pit is filled with crushed stone or broken bricks and poured with mortar.
- All of this must be compacted.
- After drying, masonry in 1-2 bricks is made.
Note. Regardless of the type of foundation (pile or conventional) all work must be done using a construction level. After the work is completed, the surface should be perfectly parallel to the axis of the ground.
After all the preparatory work is complete, proceed to bricklaying.
Can a metal stove be tiled with brick
Metal furnaces work as convection heaters. The room warms up through natural air circulation. Heated air currents, spread inside the building and warm it.
Air heater, lined with brick, will not only maintain its thermal efficiency, but also provide a more even heating. After the wood is burned, the brickwork will retain heat for a long time.
To cover a metal stove with bricks in the house, not only can, but it is necessary. When performing the work, several conditions are observed:
- Saving the convection of hot air. the effectiveness of the furnace depends on the unobstructed flow of cold air into the furnace and removal of heated air. When cladding, there are convection channels.
- Air gap between the brick and the body of the furnace. when facing leave a mandatory gap. Undeniable is the condition that the gap remains the same on all sides of the furnace. Violation of the proportions leads to a decrease in the stability of the furnace and reduce heat dissipation.
Technological process of lining an iron furnace with bricks is not complicated, it is allowed to clad with your own hands. You can find many detailed orderly laying diagrams.
In order for the furnace lining to end with success, you need to choose the right construction material and mixture for laying, as well as, follow a few recommendations of experienced furnace workers.
Why you should necessarily cover the furnace in the steam room with brick?
If you’re still in doubt up to this point, check out this list:
- Metal construction heats up very quickly, which does not allow the body time to adapt to the high temperature.
- The metal stove cools as quickly as it heats up. You have to constantly monitor the temperature by tossing in logs, which is not very economical.
- Faced with a brick material will not so quickly heat and dry the air, and therefore the atmosphere in the steam room will be more comfortable.
- There is a higher chance of getting burnt on the walls of the metal structure. People sitting next to the stove will not be comfortable.
All these small disadvantages can be easily eliminated with the lining, which will increase the performance of the stove, improve its design and neutralize the harm to health, because people go to the bath for healing, not vice versa!
This is the best solution in terms of economy and labor costs. to combine the advantages of metal and stone stoves.
Factory lined metal sauna stove
At the moment, factories produce such stoves, which are originally provided for their further facing with bricks, such a design is the golden mean, which will allow to equip a beautiful steam room advantageously.
You should only use these types of bricks for your stove:
You don’t have to search the forums, there’s no point in us cheating you! If you take any other brick, it may crack itself or peel from the adhesive mixture, and you will need time after time to relay it!
Don’t use sand-lime bricks. They’re great for tiling a house, but they’re not suitable for a sauna stove. Bricks based on lime are simply not able to withstand the constant temperature changes and high humidity in the steam room.
Already in a few weeks of operation, it will begin to break down. And in terms of the decor, it is not good and still need additional cladding.
Not a bad option would be fireclay brick, which is just designed for sharp temperature fluctuations.
Externally, of course, it is inferior to red ceramic bricks, but this point can well be solved by a decorative finish.
If there are no brick leftovers in the household.It’s better to buy new! Give preference to the ceramic red brick. Its specific weight is much lower than that of fireclay. It demonstrates excellent technical properties, reliability and durability. And externally, the stove, lined with red ceramic bricks, will please you for many years with its stylish authentic look.
The process of laying a sauna stove with bricks is not very difficult, and if you follow the detailed instructions exactly, even a novice can cope with it.
Not a fad, but a necessary safety measure: how to wrap an iron stove with bricks?
When the oven is in operation, its surface is very hot. For safety, the device is located at a certain distance from the walls: at least a meter for metal structures and half a meter for brick ones.
But this arrangement is not always convenient, especially in small rooms. To avoid damage to surfaces and even more so a fire, protective screens are installed. They also promote gentle heating and protect against burns.
Iron stoves for the home are very popular for many reasons. They are inexpensive, easy to install and easy to operate. They heat homes and are also used for steam rooms in baths. They are made of steel 3-4 mm, so such stoves quickly enough heat up and also quickly cool down. If you cover the iron stove with bricks, its inertness is greatly increased. The brick screen accumulates heat, which is especially important in the bath. From a metal stove emits a strong heat that cares about the skin. And also the red-hot metal burns out the oxygen, and it gets stuffy and uncomfortable in the steam room.
The second function of the brick screen is a protective.
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If you touch a hot metal stove, you are guaranteed a severe burn. This is not the determining factor, but it is very important. Brickwork also serves a decorative role. Many people, before they put a brick in the iron stove, have long doubts about the feasibility of the event. After all, you need to spend money on materials, find the time and opportunities to build a casing, while the furnace is already working. But after the protective walls have been erected, all users noticed a really big difference. According to their feedback it is more beautiful and comfortable. Also read: Which stove to choose for home heating: brick or rocket?
The choice of materials
We have already figured out whether it is possible to cover the iron stove with brick and what advantages it gives. Now we will tell you how to choose the right materials. Let’s start with bricks, because not any brick is suitable for this case. Normal brick is not suitable, you need fireproof and preferably corpulent. On sale are simple (rough) bricks, they are cheap, but not very beautiful.
Those who use cheap materials wish they had bought bricks with a decorative coating. They come in different shades and textures, such masonry looks nice and rich. Despite the large difference in price per unit, the total cost of the work will not vary so much due to the small volume.
Somewhere in the forums, met a comment that someone had laid a brick shell without binder (mortar) at all. This is clearly an amateurish approach, hackwork in its purest form. The mortar is needed. this is not even a question, as to do the lining of the iron stove must be done once, but qualitatively. Given the high temperatures of operation can be used three types of mortars:
If you check the house with a thermal imaging camera you can identify areas of heat leakage and neutralize them.
High-quality insulation of cinder block walls can significantly reduce heating costs.
It is necessary to prepare the metal reinforcement for the walls. It can be a grid or bars of small section. It is also possible to use decorative elements for the construction. For example, doors that will not only complement the overall picture, but also act as vents. Convection between the metal stove and masonry must be mandatory, otherwise the room will heat up too long. Interesting article: Pyrolysis furnace with their own hands.