How to heat a stove with raw wood

How to properly heat a stove with wood and charcoal?

A good furnace that works properly is an interesting attribute of a modern country home. Create comfort and coziness, heat, steam, hot water if it does not smoke, smoke and overheat (or cool down in a matter of hours). Otherwise, the problem lies not in the design, but in the wrong use. Let us tell you how to properly heat the stove.

We begin not with the process of laying firewood or pouring coal, but with the rules of use, which many people have forgotten and lost. We remember how to turn on and maintain the microwave, gas stove and boiler, but completely incorrectly use the ancient invention of mankind. So, how to stoke a Russian stove?

Preparing the stove equipment

For bathing procedures, it is important to properly prepare the furnace equipment. To do this, you need to do the following:

  • Clean the ash chamber in the furnace thoroughly with a scoop. Remove soot and sludge from the grate.
  • Prepare the logs.
  • If necessary add water to the boiler.
  • Check the draft. This requires opening the ash pan, furnace chamber, chimney slide. Light a paper or a match, bring it to the firebox door. If the flame leans in its direction, there is a draft. If the fire does not move, the chimney must be checked and cleaned to prevent any carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • Prepare the kindling. In good bathhouses it is customary to use birch bark or newspaper. A special kindling fluid will help to quickly build a fire.

Attention! Do not use petrol to kindle the firewood stove.

Make a fire

The first stage of creating the fire is kindling on the grate, which is made with the help of small logs:

  • Place two logs parallel to each other on the grate.
  • Place pieces of bark between them.
  • On top of the logs (across) put two more logs.
  • Light the bark.
  • Once the fire has been lit, close the door.

If the inside of the brick oven makes a rumble, this shows that the wood is burning well. You can close the ash door by leaving a gap.

After 8-10 minutes you should put some logs in the furnace to provide the sauna with constant heat. To do this, you will need:

  • Smooth out the remains of the logs with a poker.
  • Lay the logs out so that the ends of the logs go over the grate and fill 2/3 of the heater’s height.

It takes about 3 hours to heat up the sauna fully in summer. In the winter the time increases to 6 hours., so you need more wood.

If the main batch of firewood did not get the room warm enough, you need to add logs to achieve the desired result.

How to choose the temperature of the steam room

Inexperienced owners of steam rooms, it is important to know not only how to heat the sauna with wood, but also how to determine the optimal temperature in the room. To test it, you need to:

  • Melt the sauna stove and wait about 2-2.5 hours.
  • Open the door in the steam room and start the ventilation. If it is natural, it is enough to turn the curtains.
  • Pour water from the bucket on the heated bricks or stones. When well heated, it should quickly evaporate, emitting a characteristic hiss.
  • After evaporation you must repeat the process, close the ventilation and the door in the steam room.

If enough vapor has accumulated in the room, it has been heated. You can start the bathing procedure.

Another option is to install a thermometer inside the steam room, which works at high temperatures.


Firing up the sauna is a process that requires a certain amount of skill. There are several factors to consider besides the correct choice of firewood:

  • Billets must be stacked at 1 cm intervals. The distance between the logs ensures air circulation in the chamber.
  • At least 20 cm of empty space must be left before the upper wall of the firebox to allow the smoke to escape.
  • The color of the fire must be even. If the flames from above are yellowish-blue, it is dangerous to close the sliders. Carbon monoxide builds up in the firebox, which can lead to a fire.

It’s better to choose firewood that is dry enough, but not too dry, to light the sauna. The optimum humidity of the logs is about 20%.

Peculiarities of heating different types of stoves

There are several types of stoves, depending on the material:

How to properly stoke a metal stove?

often these devices for heating are found in baths, but not uncommonly, when they are built for themselves and residents of ordinary rural homes. It is imperative to consider the temperature in the stove for burning wood when working with such a design. Although such stoves are characterized by small size, to stoke them in order to preserve heat in the room for a long time, not every owner is able to.

General rules are identical for all types of stove structures, so do not be intimidated by this case. there is absolutely nothing complicated in it, under the force will be every master if desired:

  • It is important to remember that when working with metal furnaces, there are several important restrictions that are followed right at the start of the job.
  • First of all, in order to properly ignite the stove with firewood without wasting it, you should not use combustible mixes sold in stores for watering the wood. This has an extremely negative effect, both on the environment and on the overall health of the stovekeeper. an excessive abundance of chemicals, as well as the forced need to breathe their vapors for a long time has not done anyone any good.
  • Prefer these aids to special alcohol tablets, sold in the same department of the supermarket as the kindling liquids. they burn for a long time. Thanks to them the firewood is quick and easy to ignite, and has a much lower level of toxicity. They may be used, if there is a need to work with badly dried wood.

Peculiarities of working with a cast iron stove

  • One of the main rules for working with such an oven is to keep the doors and the ash door tightly shut.
  • The air draft control device should remain wide open. this is the only way to ensure the best quality with this type of stove.
  • In order to properly stack firewood in the stove without fear of getting thermal burns, get special gloves to protect the skin of your hands, and an apron so as not to contaminate your clothes with soot.
  • Be sure to observe the precautions during work. when putting in each new batch of firewood be sure to open the doors carefully, in no hurry. the pressure inside the furnace must certainly come back to normal.

Properly stoking a brick stove

Such a construction in the first half an hour of work should be heated very intensively, exactly until it reaches optimum temperature in the room.

When the desired temperature is reached, the draught regulator must be installed to prevent a further drop in temperature. The temperature in the firebox of a wood stove must be stable. This will help to significantly reduce the cost of raw materials.

Stoves made of brick have the largest dimensions compared to other types of heating devices, so only physically enduring people who do not have health problems can work with such a design. To ensure the smooth operation of such a stove often have to lift weights.

How to properly heat a brick stove with wood in winter?

In order to ensure maximum heat in a brick stove during the cold winter period, you need to follow certain working conditions. Take into account that in this case, you just need to know how to properly stack the wood in the stove each new load them should be at least forty minutes interval.

Raw firewood is quite suitable for kindling, if done properly. However, you may stoke the oven with raw firewood only seldom, because heating with raw firewood releases soot on the walls of the oven and the chimney.

Finely chop raw wood, split it, and make a firelighter. Put wood chips in a tent, put the smaller ones on the inside and the bigger on top. Keep the stove’s ash drawer open to the maximum. During the first 10 minutes, use a kindling, and when it has warmed up start adding small pieces of wood.

How to heat an oven properly with firewood

If you work properly and for a long time, your stove will perform as it should, but only if you stick to a few rules about the quality of firewood and the type of firewood itself.

What kind of wood to use for heating the stove?

“Proper” firewood has good combustibility and heat output, burns almost completely and produces little smoke. These properties depend on the type of wood and how dried it is.

For the main fireplace choose hardwood with dense wood. Birch and oak are considered the best, but ash, alder, linden and acacia trees burn well. Fruit trees are also considered suitable for the furnace, but it is still better to use them for a fireplace, smokehouse or classic Russian stoves. Such firewood gives a nice subtle flavor when burned.

Coniferous wood burns very well. But it smokes a lot, burns quickly and gives a lot of soot because of its high tar content. Also, it does not provide good heat, so it is better used for kindling.

Whatever kind of firewood you use, it must always be well dried. Otherwise, the steam produced during combustion will condense on the walls of the flue ducts, which reduces the efficiency of the stove. It is also one of the most frequent factors leading to its premature failure.

According to the level of humidity firewood can be conditionally divided into several categories:

  • Raw firewood is considered freshly cut, with humidity of 50% or more. It will not burn so much as smolder and will not give a high temperature. There are likely to be big problems with kindling, and moisture from the wood can provoke the formation of an air lock in the chimney.
  • Wet firewood is already dried wood (usually outdoors), with a moisture content of up to 30%. Such logs can be considered conditionally dry. You can use them to make a fire, but it is better to put them in a warm room to give them a chance to dry.
  • Dry firewood has a moisture content of 8-15%. This is the best option for the fireplace.

It is better to buy firewood from wood harvested in winter. They initially contain less moisture and dry faster than summer firewood.

heat, stove, wood

Quickly dry wood to easily heat the stove in the house can be as follows:

  • If the logs have already undergone drying, but got wet in the snow or rain, they should be brought in advance to a warm room, where they will dry to a satisfactory condition. That’s why many stovekeepers advise keeping a supply of firewood in the house at all times for several fires.
  • Raw wood, immediately after logging, should be chopped to the right size. Finished strips are stacked in the summer for drying under a shed, in the winter. next to the heating structure. If firewood needs to dry quickly, it can be placed over the stove, but following all fire safety rules. Do not allow wood to come into contact with parts of the structure that are very hot.

To avoid putting logs out to dry in winter, keep the wood indoors or at least under a roof. And it is best to make a special firewood pit, well protected from precipitation and covered with quality roofing material.

Preparing the stove

Before you stoke the oven with firewood, you need to make sure the structure is in order. This is especially important for constructions that have not been used for a long time. Also:

  • Prepare everything you need for the firebox and bring in firewood and kindling.
  • Clean the fire box and remove ash from the ash chamber to allow the air to flow easily to the fuel.
  • Check the draft in the stove. Open the chimney flap, put the burning paper in front of the ajar furnace opening. If you can feel a draught in the chamber. everything is all right.

If, when you check the stove, smoke goes into the room instead of the chimney, immediately extinguish the flame. And until the cause of the lack of draft is removed, do not heat the stove!

How to get firewood to burn faster?

You can melt raw logs without any additional means if you follow the recommendations above. But if you use a couple of tricks, the process will go even more fun.

I would not risk using fuel oil, kerosene or other highly flammable substances for heating. I can light the firewood, but what else can I light?? There are safe methods that work fine.

Vegetable oil burns well without causing a fire. I pour it on the pellets before I light them, 1 or 2 tablespoons of oil doubles the ignition rate of raw firewood.

If you have coarse salt in the house, sprinkle it on the logs before kindling and wait about 10 minutes. Salt releases moisture from the wood and makes the stove burn faster and stronger.

It is useful to put an empty container of cooking oil in the kettle, pouring its contents into a container or dish beforehand. The oil coats the inside of the bottle with a thin layer, and the plastic will burn well and for a long time, irrigating the wood.

You can put paper or cardboard in the oil container to keep the fire burning even longer.


A little dried firewood will speed up the process of kindling to damp. If you live in the house all the time, periodically bring a little bit of firewood inside, and spread it out in a dry and warm place so that it dries faster. I have an oil heater on which I dry the finely chopped logs in small batches.

When the burner is fired up and hot, put logs on top of it to put in the firebox. On a heated or hot metal the wood quickly dries out and is easy to hold. The main thing is not to leave wood on the stove unattended.

It doesn’t hurt to have a place to store useful supplies. For example, empty cans from sunflower oil, toilet paper tubes, paper bags and grocery bags. When you urgently need to kindle the stove with raw wood, you will bring up your hoarding. Plus, it’s a practical recycling option.


The first time you will have to scratch around the stove, you will have to spend a lot of time. But you’ll melt damp logs and you can use them to make another load for the next fire.

the main thing to remember when kindling with firewood: do not let the fire get appreciably weaker, otherwise the stove might not have enough heat and everything would go out. Use my advice and you will surely get your stove heated with even very damp wood!

Raw firewood is quite suitable for kindling, if you do it right. But you should use raw firewood only occasionally, because kindling with raw wood releases soot on the walls of the stove and in the chimney. Condensation that forms over time reduces the strength of the walls of the stove if it is made of metal.

Step by step instruction

The problem of wet firewood sooner or later faces each of us, and the situations can be very different. For example, when it is necessary to make a fire in the countryside to warm up, cook fish soup, barbecue, baked potatoes, or when you want to heat the house, prepare the bath to steam and bathe. Wet firewood is much more difficult to kindle, but with the proper approach to this task is quite possible. Consider at the same time how to heat the stove with raw wood and how to make a fire in nature.

To implement a simple plan for kindling firewood we will need:

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The first thing we need to do is to cut the firewood into small pieces. Small logs will dry out quickly and catch fire, while large logs will have a negative effect on our fire. A good axe and a sharp knife make it possible to make a fire quickly.

Maintaining the stove

To make your stove last longer, you need to follow a few recommendations:

  • Before the heating season to caulk the gaps, gaps on the brick surface.
  • Before and after the winter, you must clean the chimney thoroughly. If the chimney gets clogged more often, do it if necessary.
  • Do not forget to clean the grate before firing, remove ash from the chamber.
  • Do not use for firing old things, bags, plastic containers that stick to the grate and emit acrid smoke.
  • Clean the chimney ducts from soot in a timely manner.

the cleanliness of the stove allows the combustion process to occur with maximum efficiency.

What’s the best way to heat your sauna stove. the pros and cons of different types of wood

It is no secret that the speed of heating up the sauna and the quality of the sauna heat depends on the wood. If you wonder. what kind of wood is better, first of all consider that each species of wood has its pros and cons and for each particular sauna there is a different wood. Although there are undisputed leaders: hardwoods such as oak, maple, and ash. But let’s face it: it’s quite expensive and not everyone can afford to heat the sauna with oak. The same can be said for fruit breeds. They are excellent as firewood for a bath, but hardly anyone chops down fruit-bearing apples, cherries, and pears for firewood on a mass scale.

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