How to load the dishwasher correctly: Dishwasher rules of thumb
Using a dishwasher is an opportunity to free up time and relieve yourself of work that can be done by machines. But poorly trained operators can turn a useful piece of equipment into a never-ending “headache”. And most failures are connected with incorrectly loading dishes into the unit’s tank.
We’ll show you how to load your dishes correctly in the dishwasher. Here’s how to order your kitchen utensils for perfect sanitation results. The article we presented gives tips on how to choose products to work with and care for your equipment.
Frequently Asked Questions
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The detergent drawer does not open when the dishwasher cycle is finished. Why? Verified This problem is often caused by the dishes blocking the compartment. Before you start the machine, make sure the compartment is not blocked.
Why does the dishwasher stop heating? Most likely the heating element is faulty. It must be replaced. If in doubt, please contact the manufacturer.
Can I use table salt in the dishwasher?? Verified No, table salt may contain substances that can damage your device.
Do I have to rinse my dishes before I put them in the dishwasher?? It is not necessary to rinse the dishes, but you should remove any large, hard, and greasy food debris. Over time they can clog the drain.
Can I open the dishwasher while it is running?? Verified Most dishwashers are equipped with a water stop device so that the program stops immediately when the door is opened, which means no water will run out. With some models, this can cause problems over time. With built-in dishwashers, opening the dishwasher frequently during operation can cause water damage to surrounding cabinets due to the steam released.
Should you open the dishwasher after it has finished working so that your dishes can dry faster? This depends on the type of dishwasher and its location. Some dishwashers are fitted with a dishwashing function after the wash program. In this case, opening the dishwasher is of no benefit. With built-in dishwashers, opening the dishwasher frequently while it is running can cause water damage to surrounding cabinets due to the steam released.
After the dishwasher completes its cycle, the plastic dishes are still wet and the rest. no. This is why? Verified Plastic. A poor conductor of heat, which causes foods to cool rapidly. Moisture that remains on it evaporates much less than on ceramics or metal, for example.
Dishwasher safe to wash teflon pots and pans? Verified Yes, you can. However, the pan wears out faster than a manual cleaner. When cleaning a Teflon pan by hand, never use a washcloth, but use a soft sponge or cloth.
Can you wash wooden items, such as spatulas and cutting boards, in the dishwasher? Verified No. Wooden items can be damaged or warped in the dishwasher. Also, the wood fibers that are released can damage the dishwasher. Wooden cutting boards are often made with glue, which can peel off after a few washes in the dishwasher.
Can you plug a dishwasher into an extension cord?? Power-hungry appliances, such as dishwashers, must not be plugged into all extension cords. Check the power consumption of your dishwasher, which is listed in watts, and see if the extension cord can handle it. There are extension cords with thicker cables designed to handle larger appliances.
Scratched metal inside the dishwasher. This is a problem? Verified The insides of most dishwashers are made of stainless steel and are not prone to scratches.
Place plastic dishes at the top
A dishwasher heats up most at the bottom where the heating element is located. Place plastic dishes suitable for washing in the dishwasher at the top to prevent them from deforming. For more information on what can happen to plastic dishes in your dishwasher, see here.
The top basket of your dishwasher is also designed to clean cups, glasses, and mugs. when placed correctly, they are effectively rinsed inside with water and detergent.
How to load the dishwasher
Contributor(s): Melissa Maker. Melissa Maker is the host and editor of CleanMySpace, a YouTube channel and blog with more than 1 million subscribers. With more than 10 years of professional cleaning experience, offers helpful household tips.
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There’s absolutely nothing complicated about loading the dishwasher, but with the right approach, your dishes will get much cleaner. Making the most of your dishwasher will save you a lot of effort and time.
- Don’t stuff it full and overload the dishwasher. If a certain piece of dishes won’t fit, wash it by hand.
- If necessary, wash large items by hand or load the dishwasher again.
Arrange plastic containers on the upper basket. Since the heating element in most dishwashers is on the bottom, don’t put any plastic items in there. otherwise they might melt or deform.
- Arrange cutlery separately from each other, but so that water can easily reach their dirty surfaces. Proper sorting is the key to good washing.
- Large cutlery can block water sprays, nozzles and rotating sprayers. These items are best placed horizontally on the upper basket.
- Large kitchen utensils go on top of the dishwasher. Place serving spoons cup-side down so that no water collects in them.
If cutting boards and large trays don’t fit into the dishwasher racks, place them on the outside of the lower dishwasher compartment. Keep in mind that high temperatures can deform cutting boards, so it’s best to wash them by hand.
Place the wine glasses on the plastic rack in the upper tray. If your dishwasher’s upper basket has a fold-out plastic compartment with slots, it’s designed to hold the thin wineglass stems. This way you protect the delicate glasses from scratches and cracks.
Before starting, make sure that the rotating spray arms and sprays turn freely and that nothing obstructs the tubes and sprays. Also check that the detergent container opens fully. If any of these parts become cluttered or blocked, you’ll have a much harder time getting a quality wash.
- If your dishwasher has two detergent containers, fill the one on the door first. It should open after the dishwasher has finished pre-rinsing to soften the dirt.
- Fill the second container only if the regular washing produced unsatisfactory results or if you have very dirty dishes.
- Rinse dishes as needed. Most dishwashers and detergents do a better job when they have something to wash. If the dishes don’t rinse out well, try rinsing the plates before the food dries and hardens.
Find out what your dishwasher cleans and what it doesn’t. Protein foods like eggs and cheese, cooked and baked foods, and starchy foods need extra attention. A light soaking and scraping of food residue will increase the effectiveness of your dishwasher. You can also soak dishes in the sink before loading.
- As a last resort, you can replace the commercial rinse aid with white vinegar, which is almost as effective.
- Some dishwasher detergents already contain a rinse aid. Read the label.
- If you have a water softener or your water is soft enough to begin with, you won’t need a rinse aid.
Getting ready for the first run
Manufacturers require, and it is written in the instruction for use, that before the first start-up you always test the machine in idle mode, i.e. without dishes. Rinsing will remove fine debris and grease residue and allow you to understand how the mechanism functions.
During the test run, you can determine whether the water gets hot and how fast it leaves the washing chamber. The user will also be able to detect installation errors: no pinched cables or hoses, no leaks at connections.
The test is carried out according to all the rules of washing, but without dishes. You can select the mode that determines the specific processing and washing cycle by pressing a single button or by pressing a combination of buttons, indicated in the manual. After the rinsing process has been successfully completed, wait for the machine to cool down before performing the first wash, but with a full load.
Example of preparation for the first start-up by the example of the built-in model Flavia:
To prevent the machine parts from damage during transportation, they are fixed with wire or plastic twist-ties and fixed with soft spacers. They must be removed
wipe the walls and the base of the washing chamber with a clean cloth and then rinse the filters under running water. To remove the filters, they are unscrewed and then disassembled into 2 or 3 parts
The salt container is located in the bottom part of the machine next to the filters. To get to it, it is necessary to remove the lower basket for dishes and unscrew the lid
To prevent the salt from scattering use the funnel supplied. The accidentally scattered crystals must be removed with a dry cloth, otherwise corrosion will occur
There are small containers on the door of the machine for storing the detergent. In one of them, with a screw cap, pour the rinse aid, which removes rinse from the dishes
There are different compartments for detergent or 3-in-1 tablets. They differ in size and have peorized covers. To avoid confusion, you should study the diagram in the manual
In order to wash as effectively as possible, cups, dishes, forks and spoons, pots, pans and lids should be divided into the corresponding areas also indicated on the chart
After pressing the start button, select one of the programs which best suits the dish soiling level. The results of the selection and the time are shown on the electronic display
Taking care of the dishwasher
To keep your dishwasher running smoothly, you need to pay at least a little attention to it. Don’t neglect the appliance, and it doesn’t take you long to care for it.
After removing the washed dishes from the machine, you need to take out the strainer placed over the drain hole at the bottom of the chamber, shake out the accumulated particles of food waste and rinse the strainer under a powerful stream of water.
Small pieces of food sometimes get stuck under the door or inside the rubber seals. these, of course, also need to be removed. It is highly advisable to wipe the walls of the washing chamber with a dry cloth every time. Even if you are quite lazy to do it, it is worth leaving the door open for a while to ensure that the dishwasher compartment dries completely, which means you don’t have to worry about it smelling unpleasant food.
The dishwasher should be thoroughly cleaned three to four times a year. Using grease and limescale removers, you can eliminate accumulated deposits not only in the farthest corners of the chamber, but also on the hidden parts of the construction, which are in contact with water, and in the hoses. We advise you not to spend a lot of money on widely advertised on TV miracle tablets, but to buy the simplest descaler. an inexpensive but effective enough.
All these simple procedures help you to keep your dishwasher clean, and it will reciprocate in return, keeping up with its good work without thinking of a temporary hiatus in the guise of a long overhaul.
Getting your dishwasher ready for use
Manufacturers of world-known brands. Bosch, Siemens, Electrolux, Indesit, Hansa, Gorenje, Ariston and others. produce hundreds of models of dishwashers. Despite the structural diversity, all of them operate according to the same principle. Therefore, the stages of work and their sequence are also identical.
The first launch. why do we need it?
In order to use the dishwasher properly in the future, all reputable manufacturers recommend running the dishwasher once, i.e. without dishes, after connecting to the utilities.
- During production, oil residue, dust and dirt from the hands of the pickers remain in the working chamber of the machine and on the baskets inside it. Therefore, the insides of the dishwasher should be thoroughly rinsed.
- At the first start-up, the quality of installation and connection is checked, as well as the performance of the dishwasher. All the steps of the process are monitored.
The first cycle is carried out without pots and pans
Some manufacturers provide their products with starter kits of household chemicals for a test run. If the salt solution is not included in the kit, you will have to buy it. What exactly is required is written below. Before the first start, set the water hardness level in the water supply and program the salt flow accordingly. The hardness is determined with the help of test strips, which are sold at the drugstore. They are included in the Bosch dispenser set.
After connecting to the supply lines, the detergent, regenerating salt and rinse aid are loaded into the machine. The instructions for your machine tell you where to fill them, pour them in or put them in.
The table below gives a brief description of the products:
Detergents. These include powders, gels and 3-in-1 tablets. For each of them the manufacturers define their own rules of application and dosage. If using tablets, 1 tablet is enough for 1 wash. Using powders and gels is cheaper for dishwasher owners
Regenerating salt is needed to soften tap water. Improves the quality of dishwashing, prevents the formation of limescale in the dishwasher. Even when using the 3-in-1 powders, which contain all the components for the operation of the dishwasher, the presence of salt in the hopper is mandatory
The rinse aid is an ingredient that makes dishes shine and feel fresh. Its effect is best seen when washing glassware such as glasses and wine glasses
Don’t forget an important nuance: in preparation for the first startup, you need to fill the ion exchanger hopper to the brim with water before pouring salt. Afterwards fill the salt hopper. Remove excess water from the bottom with a sponge. This operation must be done only once.
It is better to pour salt through the funnel, supplied with the automatic dishwasher
Rules for laying the dishes
Before loading the dishwasher, remove any food remains, especially any dried-on pieces of food. The reason is that not all popular dishwashers. Bosch, Electrolux, Siemens, Indesit, Ariston, Hansa, Gorenje and other brands. have a pre-soak and rinse program. In addition, excessive dirt clogs the filter more quickly, so it will need to be cleaned more often.
If the dishes are not placed carefully, no dishwasher will be able to wash them properly
Cookware should be placed according to certain rules; otherwise there is no guarantee that it would be washed properly. For more details on the stacking process, see the manufacturer’s instructions.
The table below shows the main recommendations:
Large items such as pots, pans, trays, sauté-pans, plates and large dishes are placed vertically in the lower basket. There must be a space between them so that water and detergent can freely reach the surface
The upper basket is used for storing the smaller items, such as glasses, mugs, small plates and saucers. plates are placed vertically. Glasses, glasses, and mugs are stacked upside down. Many models of the automatic programs additionally have baskets for storing knives, forks and spoons horizontally (see “Standard”). photo)
Not all models include a cutlery compartment at the top of the machine. Other popular solutions include the use of free-standing baskets for this purpose. They can be placed anywhere on the bottom basket. photo). In this case knives, forks and spoons are placed vertically
What are the dishes you shouldn’t wash in the dishwasher?
Utensils are made of the most various materials.
Not all of them can withstand high temperatures, prolonged exposure to moisture and active chemical compounds, as well as forced drying with hot air. For this reason, manufacturers do not recommend loading items made of these materials in the washer-dryer:
Do not wash crystal or plastic items in the dishwasher unless they can withstand high temperatures
Samsung Dishwashers. Connecting a New Hot Water Feed Fitting
Limitations for some materials
Specifics of modern dishwashers impose severe restrictions on washing dishware made of certain materials. This is due to such factors as:
- Large temperature fluctuations in a short period of time;
- prolonged treatment with hot water mixed with steam;
- Use of aggressive detergents that can damage the surface.
Not all dishes can withstand temperature extremes and exposure to harsh household chemicals
For the above reasons, manufacturers do not recommend washing cookware made of these materials:
- Wood. long contact with hot water causes the wood to swell and crack, even though it has a protective coating.
- Plastic. cannot bear high temperatures and may deform under such impact.
- Silver, tin, aluminum and copper. in a hot, humid atmosphere the oxidizing processes on the surface of the listed metals become sharply active. As a result, the color of the dishes becomes darker, and they become covered with a film of oxides.
- Cast iron. after aggressive exposure to household chemicals there is a probability of rusting on the metal surface.
- Teflon coating. used to form a non-stick layer in frying pans, sauté pans and saucepans. Under the influence of detergents is gradually washed from the surface.
A nonstick Teflon-coated pan is best washed by hand, using a soft sponge
Turns out knives can get dull if you subject them to washing in the washer. And if you put kitchen items with decorative painting in the trays, you may not see the drawings after the next heavy wash. there’s a chance they’ll be washed away by the household chemicals.
If you want to learn more about what utensils you shouldn’t wash in the dishwasher, watch this video:
This video will give you a closer look at the first run of the Bosch dishwasher:
About the Author:
How to Load the Dishwasher Properly
Electrical engineer with years of experience. For several years, I’ve been organizing repairs to appliances, including washing machines. Loves sport fishing, boating, and traveling.
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