You can polish stainless steel to a mirror not only in special companies or in the factory, but also at home. Minor mechanization will be sufficient for this.
This method is suitable for giving products an attractive and presentable appearance after removing flaws.
To polish stainless steel you will need to use the following:
- “angle grinder”, or angle grinder;
- felt or felt discs;
- stone or sandpaper;
- polishing agent;
- sanding discs of different grit sizes.
4.1 Stages of polishing
Polishing the products takes place in several stages. Initially it is necessary to remove all excess metal at the seams. An angle grinder is excellent for this. For it you will have to buy a wheel on a fibre base. Its grit size should not exceed P60.
If the surface of the desired product is smooth, this intermediate step can be ignored. Next, you need to sand the metal with another wheel, which has a grit of P120. This will get rid of the streaks that appeared after working with the other grit.
The size of the abrasive should be reduced each time, which will make the surface smoother.
If you do not have the necessary wheel, it can easily be made yourself. To do this, you will need a felt or felt wheel, on which you need to apply joinery adhesive. You can also just rub sandpaper and stone against each other.
After the work is done, you need to remove all the following sanding.
Take a polishing agent and apply it to the surface.
Next you need to sand the material or product with the paste. Remove the risks must be consistent. If over time the surface does not become smoother, the speed of the “angle grinder” can be gradually increased. Do not overdo the speed, as this can cause the metal to overheat and stain. Menu
4.2 Mechanical polishing by hand
Due to the various irregularities on most products it is often necessary to polish them by hand. You will have to be patient, as polishing stainless steel to a mirror like this can take a long time. In the process, you will need:
To protect yourself from the substances in the paste, use a face mask and gloves. to the menu
- Detergents for stainless steel dishes;
- fine-grained paste (suspension) for polishing stainless steel and copper;
- A mild polish for stainless steel;
- whitening toothpaste.
- A scratch on matt stainless steel can be removed with a nail polishing block.
- You can use whitening toothpaste as an abrasive. Apply it to the damaged area and rub it with a soft bristle brush or soft cloth along the texture of the metal.
Toothpaste, or baking soda water mix in equal proportion. Next, apply the paste, or a solution of soda and water to the problem area and use a soft cloth, in a circular motion, to polish it, mopping up the cracks. At the finish, use dry wipes to remove any residual paste, or mortar, and wipe the surface.
- stainless steel dish detergents;
- A fine toothpaste (slurry) for polishing stainless steel and copper;
- A mild polish for stainless steel;
- whitening toothpaste.
Make sure it’s real
Before you start, make sure your stainless steel is real stainless steel, not imitation stainless steel, and that it does not have a clear coating to protect against fingerprints.
Real stainless steel is nonmagnetic and leaves fingerprints easily. Most stainless steel has a brushed surface with a linear “grain” that runs in a continuous. Pay attention to the grain orientation, as all of your cleaning and polishing metal should follow this direction. Never work across the grain in metal trying to remove a scratch.
Thoroughly clean any dirt or oil film from the stainless steel surface before scratching. Use a vinegar solution followed by a good rinse, or use a cleaner specifically designed for stainless steel. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and remember to always follow the direction of the grain when you grind.
Credit: Image © Cosmos Granite and MarbleOf all your stainless sinks get the most abuse.
How to remove scratches from stainless steel. How to remove scratches from any surface at home
Stainless steel cookware is high quality and aesthetically pleasing to the eye. However, it also has the disadvantage that it can easily be scratched. When a scratch has occurred on your dishes, it can easily be removed.
Wipe the scratched part of the cookware with a clean white cloth to remove any dust or dirt particles.
Apply a drop of tooth whitening toothpaste to the scratch, apply enough to completely cover the scratch.
Take a toothbrush and, moving the toothbrush in a circular motion, fill the scratched part of the dish with toothpaste.
Continue rubbing until you have made 10 complete circular motions. This will allow the toothpaste to completely destroy any microscopic cavities.
Wipe off excess toothpaste with a clean rag.
Inspect the utensil carefully, if the scratch is not completely removed, repeat steps 2 through 6.
The main criterion of quality of stainless steel household items is considered to be a smooth surface. If scratches are not removed from the surface in time, the metal will deteriorate. Mechanical damage destroys its thin oxide layer that protects the metal from corrosion.
Remove any deposits left by rough water on the stainless steel object. Use a clean, dry cloth for this. To get rid of stubborn clogs, sponge them with undiluted vinegar. Allow surfaces to dry.
Visually inspect the cleaned surface for mechanical damage. On those areas where scratches on stainless steel are clearly visible, apply a surface polishing spray for the care of this type of steel. Buy such preparations manufacturers recommend only in specialized stores.
Clean the damaged area meticulously with a lintfree sponge. In the process of processing, move around the scratch. Do not use in a circular motion, so as not to damage the adjacent areas. This is only useful if you want to remove scratches from the matt surface.
After the initial treatment with the polishing spray, leave the surface to dry. After that, spray the product a second time so that it fills the tiny scratches. Treat the resulting imperfections again with a lint-free sponge.
Pay attention! Use only mild cleaning agents for stainless steel objects. Local abrasive cleaners will cause variations in the appearance of the metal surface that may adversely affect the appearance of the appliance. Remove residual grease from the interior and exterior surfaces with preparations recommended by the manufacturer.
Useful hint Experienced designers recommend that customers buy ironwork with a matte finish. Their surface is easier to remove all kinds of clogs, scratches and chips. Minor mechanical defects can be sanded down cleanly.
The rules of use for glass ceramic cooktops do not only include taking good care and keeping them clean at all times, but also using the proper cookware. Failure to follow these rules can lead to defects that spoil its appearance. Even small scratches on the glass ceramic hob are immediately noticeable, so if they occur, you should take action immediately.
First of all, all stainless steel has a texture, or as they call it, a texture. When cleaning or polishing the surface, move along this texture. You have to look in the direction of the texture. Look closely at the refrigerator door. You will see little marks indicating the direction of the texture. When you have decided which direction you want to go when polishing and cleaning the surface, you need to prepare the surface for sanding.
Clean it, so that when you polish it, dirt and dust will not spoil the whole thing:
The Best Way to Remove Scratches from Stainless Steel
- Wet the entire surface with water.
- Apply a mild cleaner, such as Comet, to a damp surface and wipe the surface with it along the texture.
- Wash the refrigerator door with clean water to rinse away any residual cleaner and dirt.
- Dry the surface with a microfiber cloth.
To clean the surface from greasy stains as well, clean it with vinegar. Only dilute it in a small amount of water beforehand:
- Pour the vinegar diluted in water into a small container.
- Then take a clean cloth, soak it in the vinegar solution and move it around the texture of the metal to wipe the surface.
- Remove vinegar residue by wiping the surface with a dry, soft cloth.
Take the baking soda, add water (a little), whisk into a mush. Apply this mixture to the stained areas. Use a soft brush to clean the soiled areas. Leave it in this condition for several hours, preferably overnight.
Toothpaste. A bleaching toothpaste (not gel toothpaste) with baking soda is suitable for polishing and removing minor scratches. Use baking soda. Equal parts of water and baking soda can be used to create a solution that has the same action as toothpaste.
How to prolong the life of the appliance?
To ensure that the glass ceramic surface retains its properties as long as possible and does not lose its attractive appearance, it is necessary to follow the rules of operation. Do not use pots with aluminum or copper bases, since they leave indelible marks over time. It is optimal to choose stainless steel utensils. The cookware to be used must have a perfectly flat, flat and smooth bottom. Any irregularities, carbon deposits, chips on the bottom of the dishes will not only reduce the efficiency of heating but can damage the panel, too. Do not allow sharp, metallic objects to fall on the glass ceramic hob. Such pitting blows can lead to cracks and chips.
When cooking, it is important to avoid placing sugar or other solid particles on the glass ceramic surface. These particles, if not removed in time, can scratch the surface. Sugar is particularly dangerous for glass ceramic. It “bakes” to the surface, changing the structure of its surface layer. Therefore, syrup, compote or other sweet liquids must be removed as soon as possible. To avoid cracks, never place wet cookware on the hob.
Causes of damage
The glass ceramic panels used for cooktops are strong enough to support the weight of heavy pots and pans. However, cookware that was used for cooking on the gas stove will not be suitable for this purpose. The use of pots with thick or uneven bottoms or aluminium cookware not only reduces the efficiency of the glass ceramic stove, but can also cause visible marks on the surface. Melted plastic and sugar can also damage the product’s appearance.
While stains and dirt can still be dealt with by various means, cracks and scratches can be a real problem. Scratches on the smooth, even surface of the stove hob can be caused by
- Using cleaning agents that contain abrasives.
- Use of metal scrapers, brushes and sharp objects to remove dirt (also traces on a smooth surface can leave a dishwashing sponge with a hard pile).
- By pitting (e.g. dropping a metal lid or a sharp object on the glass ceramic cooking surface).
- Water or liquid food on a hotplate.
- Putting a pot with a wet bottom on a hot burner.