In addition to the basic rules of working with fabrics, needles and threads, described in the manual for each model of sewing machine, it is necessary to regularly clean, as well as to lubricate the complexly tuned mechanism.
Basic Sewing Machine Maintenance for Beginners. How to use a sewing machine. Brother ST150HDH
- independent. carried out at least once a month with active operation;
- professional. it is recommended to do it once in 2-3 years in a repair shop.
Also an important criterion for the safety of metal parts is considered proper storage of the device, in case it is used infrequently.
Even the strictest cleanliness when using a sewing machine collects dust, particles of fabric and threads in its mechanism. Dust and debris make it difficult for the fabric to move and increase the load on the machine drive. Regular cleaning of the machine is essential for proper operation.
- soft cloths. for wiping
- Stiff brushes of different sizes can help clean the dustiest areas
- soft brush. clean the down and dust from the hook and hook device
- long needle. to remove dirt from the most inaccessible places
- tweezers. needed to remove winded and tangled threads and lint
- Screwdriver set for opening the internal mechanisms
Unplug the machine, remove the needle for cleaning. Now you need to clean all parts of your sewing machine with brushes and a needle and tweezers. Remove dirt, rust, oil leaks with a rag.
First of all, look for dirt accumulated under the needle plate in the space between it and the cloth motor tracks. Remove the needle plate by removing the fastening screws. Use a brush and needle to remove accumulated dirt. Clean the needle plate with a soft cloth to remove dirt and oil. Reposition the needle plate.
Next proceed to clean the shuttle mechanism. Almost all hook mechanisms are designed so that they are very easy to disassemble and reassemble. Remove dust and dirt from the shuttle and its seat (shuttle stroke). Not a speck of dust should remain here. You can do this with a brush and the blunt end of the needle. Be careful not to scratch the surface of the hook.
Sewing machine care
Here came the long-awaited event, and you bought a sewing machine, which they wanted, as a rule, then history develops on the machine banal scenario: without really reading the instruction manual, we feverishly begin to try to stitch on it all sorts of materials, trying to try all the features of the machine, using the “first try” that is absolutely in vain. The fact is that the main and most common cause of sewing machine breakdowns is improper use and untimely maintenance.
Regardless of whether your sewing machine electromechanical or computer, sewing machine. is primarily a mechanism that requires timely lubrication, cleaning, and strict adherence to the instructions. If the owner’s manual says not to sew thick fabrics on this machine, then there’s no need to do some near-scientific experimentation on this subject.
In order for your machine to serve you for a long time, you need to observe the following recommendations, let’s look at them in detail:
Cleaning the sewing machine. Lint and thread residue can build up in the hook section of the machine after prolonged use. clean it in time, it is convenient to do it with a stiff synthetic brush. Also check your sewing machine for thread and lint, oil stains, dust, and other debris. It is a good idea to have a cover to protect your sewing machine from dust.
Lubricating the sewing machine. Not all sewing machines need lubrication, older machines are lubricated once every six months, modern machines. differently, depending on the type of shuttle, brand and model, to understand whether your sewing machine needs to be lubricated read the instruction manual carefully. If it must be done, the manufacturer, as a rule, even recommends a brand of oil for this purpose.
Needles. Regularly check the needles you use on your sewing machine, they should match the type of fabric you are working with. Needles can also bend, it is easy to determine this by running your fingernail over the needle, if its integrity is compromised, it must be replaced.
Cleaning the fabric feeder. Also requires cleaning. Unplug the sewing machine and preferably remove the needle and presser foot, clean the teeth of the conveyor belt with a stiff brush from all sorts of fouling.
Replacement of defective elements.
If something in the sewing machine is burned out and broken, don’t wait, replace it immediately, don’t use defective equipment. If a light bulb burned out or a needle broke, you can replace it yourself if the breakage is more serious, and you. not a sewing machine repairman, then ask the appropriate service center for help.
Proper and careful operation of your machine. it is the key to a long and happy work on it. Treat it with care and attention and it will repay you with uninterrupted work.
How to choose oil to lubricate a sewing machine
The manufacturer, complete with basic spare parts and tools for sewing equipment adds a small vial of oil, which is enough for the warranty period. But what to do in the absence of oil or if it ran out?
You can find different kinds of oils for the care of sewing machines Janom. The cost of oil depends on the type of raw material:
- Mineral. one of the cheapest options. Produced by processing of petroleum products.
- Synthetic. is a product derived by chemical synthesis. Ideal for equipment containing plastic elements, as it does not contain mineral solvents or fats.
- Mixed. oil created on the basis of mineral and synthetic.
When sewing, the bobbin compartment is the most dirty, where thread scraps and material fouling fall, which can hinder the movement of the bobbin. It is recommended that the hook be cleaned every month. Before working, carefully read the machine manual, prepare a brush or brush with a stiff lint and a scrap of soft cloth.
- Unplug the machine from the mains.
- Remove the needle and presser foot. Open the access to the hook (according to the instruction manual of the machine). Remove the bobbin and bobbin holder.
- Brush the bobbin holder, removing any fluff, thread or dust, and wipe the surface with a soft cloth.
- Clean the teeth of the bottom feeder.
- Wipe the surface of the hook compartment. Lubricate the vertical hook, if necessary, as described in the next section. The horizontal hook does not need to be lubricated.
- Reinstall the bobbin case and needle plate.
On some models, it is also recommended to clean the inside of the thread guide under the top cover.
Sewing machine care: lubrication, cleaning, preventive maintenance
There are basic rules for working with fabric, needles, and thread. And you can familiarize yourself with them, if you read the instruction manual for each model of sewing machine. The rules necessarily stipulate that it must be cleaned and lubricated.
Sewing Machine Maintenance: Oil and Clean
Care for the device is conventionally divided into
IMPORTANT! And one more thing. An important criterion for the safety of metal nodes is the right storage device, if you use it infrequently.
Sewing machine care
A sewing machine may not need oil for years, it can work just as it is. But. If you pay attention to it, lubricate it periodically. It sews better, is quieter, and lasts longer. Care machine requires infrequent, and it is not complicated, it takes very little time.
Lubrication oil is usually sold with the machine, but can always be bought separately.
Lubricate the machine once every six months or once a year, and clean it from dust. more often. It all depends on the type of fabric you mostly work with. Especially a lot of fine dust gives knitwear, woolen fabrics and fur. After working with them, use a cosmetic brush to go over the surface of the machine, brush lint and dust under the covers, under the needle plate, under the hook.
After sewing, place a small piece of fabric, e.g. denim, under the presser foot. And cover it with a fabric cover.
Choose your thread and needles carefully according to the type of fabric.Needles need to be replaced in time, old blunted. throw away.
Two basic care routines. regular cleaning and occasional lubrication, all!
Timely cleaning and lubrication ensures easy running, noiseless operation, increases equipment life. Lubrication should be done only in certain places where friction occurs, leading to premature wear of parts, disruption of connections between them and ultimately to machine malfunction and damage.
Tools for cleaning, oiling and needle changing: screwdrivers, brushes, oil cans. Nose of the oiler is deeply inserted into the holes and drip 1-2 drops. For even greasing and better lapping of the parts it is necessary to turn the flywheel towards yourself several times.
Sewing Machine Maintenance: How to Oil and Clean (Front Loading Bobbin)
Cleaning the fabric motor mechanism: remove the needle plate to clean the rack by loosening the two screws on the plate.
The shuttle set is disassembled according to the diagram in the instruction manual of the machine. Parts are best arranged in strict sequence on the table, this will make them easier to install during assembly.
Thin fabrics (chiffon, crepe de Chiffon) are sewn with 00. 80 threads, needle 0
Fabrics such as calico, waffle and staple fabrics, fine synthetics. Use 060 thread, 0 needle for light woolen fabrics and heavy synthetics. with needle thread 0-40, needle 00Heavier wool fabrics, cashmere, imitation leather. with 0 needle thread, needle 10
Sewing machine problems
Bottom thread breakage. from too much tension or an incorrectly inserted bobbin case. The thread on the bobbin was wound incorrectly. The stroke housing is dirty or unlubricated. Bobbin case is clogged.
Upper thread is tangled. the thread has too little tension or is incorrectly threaded. Thickness of thread does not match needle number.
The fabric doesn’t move when the thread is too low or too high. Insufficient presser foot pressure. A lot of dust has collected under the needle plate.
The thread is forming loops. if the thread is incorrectly threaded. Slack upper or lower thread tension. Thickness of thread does not match the needle number.
Uneven stitching if the screw in the bobbin case is not screwed in tight enough. Screw grooves blocked. Zigzag or decorative stitch mechanism is not fully turned off.
Cord drop when there is too little or too much tension in one of the threads. Foot pressure is too low or too high. Sewing foot sole is worn out. Tooth lift too high. Needle clamp too short.
Stiff machine running. old grease has thickened. Machine is poorly lubricated. Thread is wrapped between the hub and the flywheel of the machine.
Even with strict adherence to the rules of storage and cleanliness, dust, lint and fabric residue accumulate in the sewing machine mechanism during use. So just wiping the needle plate and adjusters with a cloth is not enough! How to clean a sewing machine? For this you will need:
- a screwdriver to disconnect the needle plate and access the inside of the machine;
- A hard and soft brush to clean dust and lint from the parts;
- dry wipes to wipe off residual machine oil;
- Tweezers will help pull out the tangled threads and lint;
- a long needle to pull dirt out of deep, hard-to-reach places.
Before you begin cleaning your sewing machine, unplug it and remove the needle. Open the plastic cover, unscrew the needle plate screws and disassemble the hook according to your machine manual. First of all, pay attention to the dirt accumulated between the needle plate and the transport rails. It should be cleaned with a stiff brush and needle. Use only the blunt end of the needle to avoid damaging parts.
Clean dust off all removable parts, the shuttle and its housing with a brush, remove oil, dirt and rust with a dry cloth, then replace the needle plate and close the housing. Never use wet wipes or cloths. Moisture can cause the mechanism to rust.
If properly stored, this procedure should be done once a month. If you often work with knitwear, wool, or other materials that leave behind a lot of lint, cleaning should be done more often. If the sewing machine is standing idle for a long time, preventive cleaning should be done every six months.
During operation, the internal parts of the mechanism can accumulate piles of threads, hair, dust, lint from fabrics and other kinds of dirt. If the equipment is not cleaned in time, then the failure is almost guaranteed. On the contrary, regular cleaning of the machine will significantly lengthen its service life.
As a rule, cleaned subject to the shuttle and bobbin. This is where the greatest amount of dirt accumulates. For thorough cleaning it is strongly recommended to use a complete brush, or purchase a brush with a sufficiently stiff lint.
The bobbin case should be cleaned as a priority since this is where most debris accumulates. This results in difficult rotation of the mechanism.