Easy ways to make a gathering on the fabric on the sewing machine without a special foot
Hello friends! In today’s sewing master class I will show you how to make an assembly on the fabric on the sewing machine without a special foot. Such an assembly or small folds are used in the manufacture of a skirt tatianki and in sewing curtains. As it can be found in the flounces and ruffles, where it beautifully plays with the product, gives femininity and romanticism to the image. I am not often asked about sewing a product using pleats, and today I will teach you how to make a gathering of the fabric on the sewing machine.
I will tell you about three simple ways to make an accordion on fabric. So, if you want to know how to do it, read my article
The sewing secrets that mechanics have been hiding from us
There are a lot of nuances and small tips on how to work properly on the sewing machine, as well as how to adjust it with your own hands if necessary. Trouble can await us at the most unexpected times, for example, when you need to sew something urgently, and some little breakage happened. Eight interesting sewing secrets that mostly mechanics know are detailed below!
Secret: The sewing machine doesn’t move the fabric well? There is a simple solution
If the sewing machine is not pushing the fabric straight when sewing, just adjust the sewing foot. They do not come out far enough.
Loosen this screw with an Allen wrench:
Adjusting the eccentric and tightening it back up.
The secret: the sewing foot is not level
There is only one screw on the stem of the presser foot holder. unscrew it a little, loosen it. Now you can turn the foot as you like. Fix it straight and tighten the screw back.
Secret: The machine is not correctly adjusting the tension of the upper thread
For this adjustment you must also remove the side panel. It is necessary to unscrew the two screws:
After you remove the thread tension adjustment mechanism, loosen the tension to zero and check for dirt.
If you have cleaned everything and the tension is still bad, then you need to increase the pressure on the spring. Press the plate, twist and release the plate. The pressure on the spring is increased.
Secret: the sewing machine jumps when working
It is very easy to adjust this malfunction. Often the manufacturer puts decorative feet on the back of the machine.
And there are screws underneath to adjust the machine. Just screw it tight and put the feet back on. The machine is now steady and secure!
Secret : Sew on knitted fabric without any needle
A normal needle makes many skips on stretch fabric. To solve the problem, the needle can be lowered by 2 mm.
The difference of sewing this way is obvious (left. after adjustment).
Secret: What is the hole in the presser foot holder??
This hole is needed to install guides to help with stitching and embroidery.
Secret : how to use the sewing machine needle threader correctly?
Raise the needle to its highest position, then insert the needle threader itself into the needle by the hook from left to right and that’s it! The needle is threaded.
Secret: Low thread tension on the bobbin
Did you know that the sewing machine can sew and wind the thread on the bobbin at the same time? If your machine does not wind the thread tightly on the bobbin, you need to increase the tension of the thread. This requires a simple adjustment! The machine will immediately start winding tightly and tightly.
For more on the secrets of adjustment and current repair of the sewing machine with their own hands, see the video below:
Poor sewing stitching
Tight stitching. Tight stitches are most often caused by too much upper thread tension and too little foot pressure on the fabric. Adjust the lower thread tension first, then set the upper thread tension correctly. Binding the upper and lower threads of the stitch must be inside the fabric. Adjust the presser foot pressure so that with the foot lowered and the feed dogs raised (the needle above the foot) the fabric can be pulled out with only a noticeable effort. Rough foot surface (worn out) can also cause pulling of fabric in the stitching. Sewing will be too tight if the feed dogs are worn and do not pull the fabric properly. That is why it is not recommended to set the sewing machine in motion with the presser foot lowered and no fabric on it.
Cloth tightening. Can occur when the fabric motor and needle are malfunctioning. Such a fault is difficult to fix yourself, but can be checked. The guide bar should be fully lowered (“hidden”) at the moment the needle is about to reach the needle plate (1,5.2.0 mm).
Poorly trimmed fabric with overlock. blunted overlock blades poorly cut fabric, which leads to skips, unforced tightened stitch. A characteristic dull thump when overlock works signals that the knives and needle are blunt.
Poor quality stitching. So-called “looping” as well as oblique stitching are formed by excess upper thread. As a rule, the cause of this appeared roughness in the path of the upper thread or violations of the settings of the shuttle stroke (a sewing machine Chayka). See. Also: Why is the stitch looping Sewing machine foot Sewing machine threads, what is the best? How to tuck a thread into a sewing machine Sewing machine Chayka Tuning sewing machine. Sewing rail. Overlock fabric progression 51 class
Sewing machine needles for sewing knitwear
This article is structured so as to give you an idea not only about machines for knitwear, but also advise you how to sew knitwear on an ordinary straight-line machine such as a Chaika. So carefully follow all the tips wizard, they are suitable for conventional machines.
Here, for example, you should know that you need to use special sewing needles for sewing knitwear. Often there is even a JERSEY sign on the box or package. This is the designation of the knit weave on the basis of which modern stretch fabrics are woven.
Poor advancement of fabric.
1.Dull rake teeth. In most cases this is the result of careless seamstress work. For example, she did not stop the machine in time, which continues to run when the cloth has already come off the rail. The nickel coating on the bottom of the presser foot is stripped and the teeth are blunted.
Sharpen teeth with a triangular diamond emery board. Use the tine lift adjuster to raise the tine until it is too high and sharpen the tines on one side (the slope side). Sharpening time 3-4 min. Then adjust the height of the tines (see “Adjusting the height of the teeth” on page 54). Fig. 15).
Teeth are not raised enough above the needle plate. The tooth height is out of adjustment or there is dirt and fluff piled up in the lintel
Tilt the machine on the hinges. On the top left on the upper shaft there is a tine lift regulator. Loosen the screw and, after setting the height of the tines, clamp it. The normal height of the tines is when only the tines themselves are elevated above the plate in the middle section. The front of the tines are 0.5mm higher toward the back of the tine (see “Figure 15”). Figure. 15). If the height of the tines cannot be adjusted, remove the needle plate and clean the tines. Refit the plate.
First clean the conveyor tines, then adjust if necessary. In some cases it is necessary to loosen the screws fixing the conveyor (tines), put spacers between the platform and the tines and tighten the screws firmly.
Lower the presser foot lifting lever gradually to the bottom limit. Do not let go of the lever while it is moving. Otherwise it may hit the tines hard. The tines will deteriorate as they become dull and sink back down, making the traction loss progressively worse. Rusted, bent lever. Foot pin jams when lowering. Clean or straighten the lever and stem of the foot.
The presser foot pin should slide up and down freely, it must not jam. Check in what places it jams (visually) and eliminate. The rule for adjusting the height of presser foot lift:. In the upper position of the presser foot, the needle clamp (at the lower end of the foot) must not touch it;. turn the handwheel of the machine so that the teeth of the conveyor lowered under the needle plate, lower the presser foot. It must rest on the needle plate. Look at the presser foot lift lever, there should be a little play between it and the mounting bracket of the presser foot lift pin.
Foot pressure is too low. The pressure spring is loose. It is a normal phenomenon in old machines. Metal fatigue from constant stress and time is a natural process.
take out the spring and stretch it by half of its length. For example, stretch the spring 80 mm long by 40 mm. After that its length will be 8040=120 mm. Put the spring in place and tighten.
Material feed cam on the crankshaft is rotated or has excessive play. Cause. Loose setscrew. In either case the following is possible:
The fabric does not move, the fabric is moving backward to the seamstress, the fabric is moving in small steps, stitch pitch regulator does not work. Reinstall the cam and tighten the set screw. Note that the cam can shift not only around the circumference of the shaft, but also along its length. It is necessary to check the condition of the fasteners on the entire machine at least once a year. This is a compulsory activity for all machines.
This refers to the eccentric advance on the main shaft. On domestic machines, the cams are fixed in this groove. 2M, Chaika, Podolsk on the main shaft is made recess and bolt mounting eccentric (cam) is fixed in this groove.
Tighten the fastening connection between the fork and the material shaft (on machines with a screw without an eccentric). Each joint should have a play which is barely perceptible by hand
Loosen the fastening connection At this connection the fork rotates relative to the feeder shaft by a small angle (unnoticeable by eye). After completing the work to check over the connection, turn the eccentric screw (for 2M machines cl.).
Most likely the author is talking about the lower connection of the fork with the promotion shaft (sewing machine cl. 2М). In this connection is an eccentric bolt, which is used to adjust the position of the teeth of the conveyor in relation to the needle plate.
The screw securing the stitching step rocker is loose and therefore the lever of the step adjuster tends to zero during operation. The reason is that the lever is lifted up to failure to reverse the fabric. On a 2M cl. this method quickly leads to undesirable consequences, there is a breakage of the spring plate of the regulator.
if the machine is equipped with manual drive, remove it. Remove the friction screw and handwheel. Use a large screwdriver to tighten the stitching step screw. Keep the stitch pitch adjuster lever at zero. Reassemble everything in reverse order. When reassembling, ensure that the friction washer is positioned with the inner tendrils facing outward (see “2 Operator’s Manual”). Chapter. 2 “Friction device”).
Most likely cracked disc spring on CL machines. 2 М.
The presser foot lift bracket screw is rubbing against the front cover, sometimes even pushing it away. Apparently, it was replaced and was too long
Chisel away the large portion of the screw with a diamond file and bend back the edge of the front cover slightly.
Stitch pitch lever tends to zero. the Belleville spring, located under the screw that secures the pitch rocker, broke. This can be caused by: for example, by pulling up the arm in order to move the fabric back; by time, rust, excessive moisture in the air
Disassemble the assembly from the handwheel side (see “Pitch control lever”). п. 7). Take the machine off the hinges and put on the front cover. With a large screwdriver from the top inside the sleeve, unscrew the screw of the stitch length rocker. Use tweezers to take out the screw and disc spring. Put a new disc spring. If it is not available, make a washer of steel material to the size of the disc spring. Washer thickness should not exceed 0,3 mm. Put the made washer on the broken disc spring and assemble the assembly. If the Belleville spring is broken in several parts, and there is no new one, you can put an adjusting washer designed for the tension regulator. the upper thread.
The purpose of the disc washer press the rocker arm of the stitch length regulator to the flush in the machine body so that it (the rocker) does not move spontaneously, but the handle changes its position.
Loose screws on the material transfer gear rail (see “Assembly of the material transfer gear” on page 54). п. 5)
Remove the needle plate and screw the screws fixing the rack. This will be two difficulties: slightly tighten one screw and, having put in place the needle plate, make sure by turning the handwheel, whether the slats for the plate clings. If it clings, remove the plate and change the position of the rail. Usually in one go, it is not possible to set it definitively; tighten the screws. Here you need a special screwdriver with one elbow at a 90° angle.
The rake teeth are too high above the needle plate. If this malfunction occurs, the fabric moves back and forth, i.e. е. as if “chewing”.
With the machine tilted on its hinges, loosen the adjusting screw (upper left) and with the tines down to the right level, clamp it (see the. Fig. 15).
This could happen if someone has adjusted the maximum height of the teeth at the “Embroidery” position.
The pitch regulator lever is lowered down to the limit and the stitch is 2 mm. The lever is bent down and can not tilt the rocker further down to increase the stitch pitch.
Straighten the stitch pitch adjuster lever. To do this, insert a large screwdriver into the slot on top of the lever until it stops and hold it firmly. Raise the lever upward to the hole with considerable force. This will cause it to bend.
Slight pressure on the sewing foot. Cause. bush setting screw is loose.
Press the adjustment bush on top of the presser foot pin. Do not tighten the presser foot too much: it will cause warping of the fabric under the presser foot. For thick fabrics, it should be wrapped 8-10 mm, for thin fabrics, release it.
Butt hangs on the presser foot because the core is soiled, particularly on the cylindrical spring area (see pressure spring). п. 5).
The knot should be broken. Clean the presser foot with a layer of dirt and rust until it is shiny, then lubricate with oil I8A and assemble in the reverse order. Set foot level with lever up.
Thread is too tight. upper and lower threads. Thin fabrics move with difficulty or do not move at all.
Both threads should be loose on fine fabrics.
Teeth down for embroidery. This position of the teeth is confusing to some seamstresses.
Raise the cogs to the “normal” mark. Where there is no indication of tooth lift, it is limited by the height of the tooth above the needle plate.
Stitch regulator lever at zero. off.
Place the pitch regulator lever in the desired position.
Teeth are 0.5-0.7 mm lower at the front. factory setting on some machines.
Remove the needle plate. Unscrew the front rack screw completely and loosen the rear rack screw. Put a 0.6-0.8 mm thick washer under the rail at the front. Replace screws and tighten. A 10X0.6 mm rod can be inserted
The gasket can be made from foil, which is in a cigarette packet.
Teeth protrude very slightly above the needle plate. Pitch regulator not working. Dirt and fluff have accumulated and pressed into the teeth.
Remove the needle plate and clean out the pressed dirt and fluff in the rack jumper. Reinstall the plate.
No material supply. Tooth lift adjuster is broken.
Remove the adjuster from the shaft. Expose the broken part so that a metal cylinder of the same diameter as the operating shaft can be inserted into the hole. Use a wire clamp to squeeze the broken pieces and weld with a 2mm stainless steel electrode. Reassemble unit and adjust height of teeth
Common malfunctions and remedies
Our engineers have compiled a list of the most common problems that cause the machine to jam.
Incorrectly set teeth
This is the most common flaw you see with machine maintenance.
For the fabric to run well, the tines of the lath should protrude over the needle plate. Important: The back of the blade should be slightly lower than the front (optimum distance 0,5 cm).
Many sewing machine masters believe, however, that this is a very relative indicator: the height of the teeth needs to be adjusted according to the material being worked on. Therefore, when sewing coarse fabrics, it is worth raising the rail and lowering it when sewing fine fabrics.
The adjustment process can be done by each user himself.
It is enough to remove the needle plate and set the rail at the required height.
Do not be surprised if it does not work the first time: proper adjustment takes time and skill. That’s why experts advise to raise or lower slowly, checking the result each time.
The process itself looks like this
The “swing” program
This problem usually occurs when working with knitwear.
The fabric begins to move in different directions, deep creases form on it, and the resulting seam will be of poor quality. If the seamstress works with thin fabrics, there is a risk that they will tear.
To the appearance of such a defect leads to a weak fit of the fastening element (screw).
Weak foot pressure
Most often the failure is due to natural wear and tear of the element itself. But there are cases when the fastener is simply loose.
Depending on the source of the breakdown, one of two solutions is made by the craftsman:
The rack is worn out
The machine can not sew normally: the fabric is constantly shifting to the sides, does not move forward (t.е. the fabric starts to “trample”).
In this case, the element is replaced by a new one.
Stitch length adjustments have failed
Occurs on electric models when there is a short circuit or voltage drop. But usually the defect is caused by human error: the user himself set the wrong settings.
You need to restart the machine (in the case of electronic machines) and set the correct stitch settings.
Troubles related to settings and loosening of fasteners, the user can solve on their own. However, if it is necessary to replace worn parts, it is advisable to contact the master of the service center.
Tricks for sewing knitwear with an ordinary sewing machine
Many who have tried to sew knitwear on an ordinary sewing machine, noticed that often the machine refuses to make a beautiful and even stitch. In a knitted stitch is formed skips, the lower thread loops, and sometimes breaks off. Why does this happen and how can it be fixed?
First. first, for sewing fabrics from jersey special knitting machine is used, called it flat. sewing machine or chain stitch machine. The stitch on the back side of it looks like a “pigtail”. Look at any factory processing T-shirts, and you’ll see that.
Secondly, for stitching the sections of knitwear overlock is used, which has a differential (stretching the fabric) rail while laying a stitching chain stitch.
And thirdly, special needles and thread are used for sewing knitwear. The last point is crucial for your sewing machine, so let’s figure out what needle you need to sew knitwear, what thread to use for quality stitching and consider other factors that affect stitch quality.
Needles for sewing knitted fabrics
Causes that affect the quality of the stitch when sewing knitwear are many. One of these is an incorrectly sized needle. Universal needles, which are most often used in sewing machines “bad” for sewing knitwear. Not only can the sharp edge of the needle damage the weave of the knitted fabric, but it can also be the cause of too small a loop near the eye of the needle. And the hook needle just passes over it without catching the upper thread. The result is a skip.
Replace the all-purpose needle with a special needle with a rounded point designed for sewing such fabrics. A needle with this point does not pierce the fibers of the knitted fabric, and passes between them and creates better conditions for loop formation. These needles are labeled “Jersy” on the package, and “ball point” means that the needles have a rounded point.
However, you should know that buying a pack of special knitting needles does not always solve the problem, especially for sewing machines of the old type, such as Podolskaya or Chaika. There are a number of other factors, which will be discussed below.
This diagram shows a knitting weave type stretch fabric. In appearance, it resembles knitting with knitting needles or on a machine, which is why it is called knitting fabric. “Springy” loops give fabrics many useful qualities, such as stretchability, weak crease, etc., but also create certain difficulties when sewing them on ordinary domestic sewing machines.
Thread for knitted fabrics and its tension
No straight-line machine “likes” to sew knitwear. Knitting for a shuttle stitch sewing machine is a challenge that not all machines can withstand. True, modern household machines are quite able to cope with this task, subject to certain requirements. As you have already realized, one of them is quality thread and the correct tension.
Sewing threads must be thin, elastic and durable. Basically, all types of modern threads available in the department of fittings meet these parameters. Nevertheless, you should experimentally determine which type of thread is best for your machine.
Naturally, you need to “forget” about finishing thick thread, and especially about thread from your grandmother’s old stockpiles. Ideally, for sewing knitwear, thread on large cone bobbins are suitable, but since they are quite expensive, use thread on small spools, like “Ideal”.
Before sewing knitwear you need to adjust the tension of the upper and lower threads correctly.
Normally the lower thread should not be adjusted, but when sewing knit fabric, it often eliminates looping thread in the stitch. If pulling the upper thread does not stop looping at the bottom, then try loosening the tension of the lower thread a little.
Note that when you will be sewing knit fabrics, one direction of the stitch will be looser (usually crosswise). You can’t remove the “effect” with tensioning. Simply knitted fabric under the influence of the foot and teeth rkike stretches, and then takes its former shape and the stitches are loosened. By the way, presser foot pressure must also be adjusted.
To eliminate this use stabilizers (pads) including pre-cut strips of newspaper. Under the fabric is placed a paper strip, and after, gently pulled out of the seam. By the way, it is often this “tricky” way to eliminate skips in the stitching in a sewing machine Podolskaya or Chaika.
But, of course, this is too extravagant a method to use, which is undesirable. If you have replaced the needle and picked up thread, adjusted the tension, and loops and skips do not disappear, then you need to adjust the sewing machine. But to adjust the sewing of knitted fabric can only be experienced craftsman.
What is the difference between a knitted overlock machine
Almost all modern household overlock machines are knit overlock machines. The main difference between a knit overlock and a regular overlock is that the knit overlock has a special device rail (teeth under the foot). During operation, the rail specifically compresses (stretches) the knitted fabric, and after weaving, the fabric stretches (shrinks) back. As a result, the seam is stretchable and can withstand more tensile stress.
For example, if you stitch on an ordinary machine knitted fabric, and you put a lot of tension on the thread to eliminate slack in the stitch, you get a very nice stitch, but not strong. Stretch this area with your hands and your beautiful seam will simply burst. That is the main purpose of knitting machines. to perform elastic and stretchy stitch.
Overlockers with a differential rail are not only able to sew knitwear. It’s easy to disable this function with a special knob. And even, on the contrary, you can “force” the slat to collect the fabric. You should know that overlock older models, including overlock class 51 can not perform quality processing of knitted fabrics. And do not be surprised if the connecting seams of knitted garments, processed only three-strand overlock, over time will burst.
Other reasons why the machine does not sew knitwear
And lastly. Sewing machine Podolsk or Chayka sewing machine often refuses to sew knitwear at all. And even the master can not always adjust it for sewing knitted fabric. If you want to check the work of the master sewing machine repair, ask at the end of the work stitch a piece of the most “harmful” knitted fabric. If the stitch will not have even one skip, then it is a “good” and experienced craftsman.
Older machines have another way to adjust the interaction of the needle and hook spout. After all, at the time when they were released, no one suspected that such fabrics will be used in abundance. Therefore, modern machines are set up to sew knitwear, and the old machines need to readjust.
Brother sewing machines
Hello. The Brother LS-2125 sews too thick zig-zag on thin and delicate fabrics (lace). Tried it on cotton, zig zag.
Part fell out while sewing 2 weeks ago Sewing machines Brother Universal 37S
Good night. Thread guide inside, cylindrical thread guide and a piece of plastic half cylinder fell out of the Brother Universal 37S sewing machine.
Excess part to the sewing machine more than a month ago Sewing machines Brother PS-33
Now that’s probably right? Thank you very much for the advice! Regards, Tatiana.
How to gather fabric with a sewing machine /How to Gathering without ruffle foot
Excess part to the sewing machine more than a month ago Brother PS-33 sewing machines
Good morning. Yesterday, I asked you a question about an extra part. Look at the photo, this is how you need to put it on the self threader? Thank you so much for.
Sewing machine buzzing and not sewing for over a month ago Brother XL Sewing Machines.4010
Hi all. Brother XL sewing machine.The 4010 buzzes when you press the pedal, but doesn’t sew. The flywheel only turns by hand (at the same time and.
Bad sewing machine brother more than a month ago Sewing machines Brother INNOV-IS 450
Good afternoon. Brother INNOV-‘IS 450 sewing machine does not cut the thread. Reconciled. Now I can’t thread the needle. Reconciled. And today, persistently.
Problems with the sewing machine brother more than a month ago Sewing machines Brother PS-33
Hello. Disassembled the Brother PS-33 sewing machine, but one part remains. It had thread wrapped around it. Do not know where to put it.
Foot and needle stems moved forward more than a month ago Brother Style-40e sewing machines
Regards to all! For cleaning and lubrication, the front of the body was removed from the Brother Style-40e sewing machine. After the procedure put everything on the.
Not increasing sewing speed more than a month ago Brother INNOV-IS 670 sewing machines
Good evening. In the Brother Innov-is 670 sewing machine, the sewing speed booster does not work, what to do?
Brother ML-600 sewing machine sewing poorly over 2 months ago
Hello, the bottom thread the sewing machine Brother ML-600 blows, what to do?
Sewing machine sews backwards over 2 months ago Brother INNOV-IS Ie sewing machines
Good night. Machine Brother INNOV-‘IS Ie with embroidery module, sews backwards. After repeatedly turning on and off, starts sewing.
Machine does not sew over 3 months ago The Brother PR 600 sewing machine
Hello. sewing machine Brother 600 does not sew, the start button lights up red, and the screen is this picture of the problem, how to fix?
How to reset the stitch counter in a sewing machine brother more than 3 months ago The sewing machine Brother INNOV-IS Ie
Hello! How to reset the stitch counter (service interval) in a Brother nv-1e sewing machine? The machine is 10 years old, the number of stitches 25.
Not advancing fabric on the sewing machine more than 3 months ago Brother LS-2125 sewing machines
Good afternoon. In the Brother LS-2125 sewing machine lowered the fabric pusher and does not push the material, what is the problem?
Bottom thread tangles in the sewing machine more than 3 months ago Brother INNOV-IS 10 sewing machines
Afternoon. Sewing machine Brother INNOV-‘IS 10. When sewing any stitch, the lower thread gets tangled with a clicking noise, and there is no seam! How.
Sewing machine brother not working more than 3 months ago Sewing machines Brother JS-50CE
Good night. Accidentally cut the wire pedal for the sewing machine Brother JS-50CE, well I somehow connected the wires, and the pedal is still not.
Upper thread does not catch the lower thread in the sewing machine over 3 months ago Brother LS-2125 sewing machines
Greetings all. In the sewing machine Brother LS-2125 upper thread does not catch the lower thread in the buttonhole, how to adjust yourself?
Sewing machine doesn’t work over 6 months ago Brother e20 sewing machines
Good evening. Brother e20 sewing machine is stitching without stopping, turned off the foot pedal but the problem is not fixed, what to do?
I can’t adjust the stitch length on my sewing machine over 6 months ago Brother JS-70E sewing machines
Hello, I cleaned the horizontal hook on the Brother JS-70E and dripped oil on the center, after that, the machine does a stitch, but.
Broke the storage compartment over 6 months ago Brother Universal 25 sewing machines
Good afternoon. The Brother Universal 25 sewing machine has a broken accessory storage compartment. Is it possible to buy as a spare part and where can I get one??
How to make a fabric assembly
Today we are going to answer the question “how to make a fabric assembly”? If we look closely at the things around us, we are sure to see that assembly on fabric has a wide variety of uses. These include sewn curtains, and ruffle ruffles on curtains, aprons, pillows, baby items: bonnets, blankets, bedspreads. Often the sleeves are gathered at the top. lantern, and at the bottom on a cuff or roll. The embellishments with ruffles were made in the ancient times. That made a lot of sense. First, the gathering as an ornament, because in ancient times the fabric itself was simple, bleached, and the arsenal for decoration was not great: embroidery, lace, and ruffles. Secondly, people had not many things, that is why the gathering served not only as an ornamentation element, but also as a constructive element instead of modern darts. The dresses were sewed ample: both for pregnancy and for overweight. The linen was wide and then it was gathered into an assembly around the neckline, under the breasts, on the back from the basque. So the dress was suitable for any figure. Now the clothes are mostly tight or loose shirt cut. But periodically fashion returns to folkloric style, and ruffle skirts, dresses, and skirts with gatherings from the waist are reappearing.