What are the Features You Need in a Washing Machine

What features you need in a washing machine

The washing machine is an indispensable assistant in everyday life. Every family needs a washing machine, especially if it has many children. Before you buy a washing machine, it is necessary to. RIA Novosti, 07.04.2022

MOSCOW, April 7. RIA Novosti. A washing machine is an indispensable helper in everyday life. Every family needs washing machine, especially if it has many children. Before buying, you need to carefully study all the features to make the right choice and as a result get a good and high-quality equipment. How to choose a washing machine for your home, expert advice and determine if it will last long? in the article of RIA Novosti.How to choose a washing machineDrying by hand has ceased to be usual long ago. Almost every home has a washing machine. For the process of getting rid of dirty stains on things to be effective and comfortable, it is necessary to choose appliances taking into account not only your own preferences, but also the characteristics that are inherent in different models.Type of washing machineA washing machine is a device that consists of the housing, panel, tank and drum, motor, electric heater, water intake and drain system, balancing system, etc.д. Depending on the type of models the functions may differ, for example one can set the water temperature, while the other cannot.AutomaticThe automatic machine is a classic appliance with a built-in mechanism that does not require human intervention. The device operates according to a preset program, performing all three cycles. washing, rinsing and spinning (the new models have also a function of drying or steam treatment). It is enough to set the required parameters and return for clean laundry after a specified period of time.Semi-automaticIn contrast to the automatic version, this option needs to perform additional actions on the part of a person. it is necessary to manually pour water and then drain it (the device is not connected to the water supply). If the spin is needed, the items are also moved by hand into the centrifuge compartment.ActivatorNo possibility of connecting to the water supply, it does not support the rinse and spin functions. However, if you compare the cleaning efficiency of this type of equipment, it is higher. 65%, while the washing machines with drums. 50%. This is due to the fact that the activator machine’s main component is the activator itself (rotating element in the form of a screw), which creates a non-uniform whirlpool and evenly distributes the laundry.NarrowThe main feature of a narrow washing machine is its small size. In general, such appliances do not differ in basic functions from the automatic machine. It also supports washing, rinsing and spinning (except for drying and steam treatment), but it holds less laundry and is not suitable for the care of bulky items.On two drumsThe least popular type of washing machine because of the cost, but quite promising. The twin-drum model means washing in two different compartments at the same time. That is, you can wash whites in one compartment and coloureds in the other. This method allows you to load a larger volume of things, reduce the machine’s running time and reduce the level of water consumption.With water tankThis is a washing machine mainly used in communities where there are problems with water supply. The unit comes with a tank, which is the only source of water. This option saves water and energy, but takes more space and requires monitoring of the water in the tank.Type of loadingChoice of loading depends on how much space there is in the room for the washing machine, and how best to load things.Front loadingThe familiar option for many people is to open the door and put the dirty laundry into the drum. In this case you can observe the process of washing and at any time to stop it, for example, to pull out the accidentally caught white sock from the black linen. As a rule, frontal machines take up more space, but allow you to load a lot of things.VerticalThis option is more compact compared to the previous one. But with vertical appliances, the hatches open from above and there is no way to observe the process. In terms of aesthetics, they are slightly inferior to the “frontal”.In addition, for many people it is more usual to load laundry from the front, and on the surface of the machine to put bath accessories or put a basket for laundry.Loading capacityThe loading capacity of laundry is the total weight of dry clothes that are put into the machine for a single wash.To determine the volume of the drum before buying a washing machine, you need to consider the number of people living in the house.If it is difficult to determine the weight of the laundry by eye, then you can buy a unit with a weighing system.MotorThere are three basic types of washing machine motors: asynchronous, collector and inverter, which differ in operation principles and characteristics.DimensionsWhen buying a washing machine for your home, pay attention not only to the type and function of the unit, but also to the dimensions.Control There are different ways to control the washing machine. the most popular are electronic, mechanical and combined. There are also touch control, electromechanical and smartphone control.ElectronicSelectronic control is found in many machines, and buttons or a sensor (or both) are used to select and run the program. These models, as a rule, have more features and higher washing quality.MechanicalA more outdated version of the technique, which uses a rotary lever to control the washing process. One or another mode can be selected by turning a part. This type of control is easy to understand and suitable for the elderly, who find it difficult to operate modern devices.combinedThe most popular type of control for washing machines. The panel has both buttons and levers with a sensor. For example, the program is activated with the lever, the sensor shows information about it, and you can set the temperature or spin speed with a button.From a smartphoneWashing machines with the ability to control from a smartphone are called “smart”. They can be connected to the phone through special applications from the manufacturer. In this case, the smartphone acts as a remote control, which can be used to select the program, start or stop the process of washing remotely. This is also useful for security purposes. you can leave the machine running even if no one is home.Protection and controlEvery appliance can fail because of unforeseen situations. For this very purpose, the manufacturers of washing machines add to the functionality of various protection programs.Leak-proofAquastop is the name of the leak-proof feature. The causes of the problem may be a buildup of powder in the tray, damage to the hose, high pressure in the pipes, etc.д. The safety system includes a float, a microswitch, and a water tray in the washing machine that collects excess liquid in the event of an emergency. As a rule, such protection is absent in budget versions of equipment.Power surge protectionPower problems can cause significant damage to your washing machine if it does not have surge protection. When selecting appliances, it is worth clarifying whether it has one of the following protection devices:Child protectionWhen there are small children in the house, it is especially important that the washing machine has the function of protection against sudden switching. It is a locking control panel. if children accidentally press any button, it will not affect the operation of the appliances.Different models may have this feature enabled in different ways. Some have a special button with a child’s image, while others require a combination, such as the spin button and options.Water consumptionWhen buying a washing machine, you should also consider the amount of water consumed. It’s no secret that water consumption for frequent washings can account for the lion’s share of utility bills. It is therefore important to use it sparingly, it is especially important for large families Different models have their own range, on average, from 40 to 50 liters per wash with a load of things to 5 kg.In addition, the water consumption of your washing machine is affected by the choice of program. So, for example, “Quick wash” consumes the least amount of liquid, while the program “Children’s clothing” involves a multiple rinse and requires more water.Energy classEnergy class is a measurement of washing machine’s energy efficiency. The higher it is, the more economical the machine, and therefore the lower the water bill. For consumers, manufacturers have created a classification that helps to assess the energy consumption.Washing and Spinning ClassThe indicator of how well the washing machine copes with its tasks is determined by the washing and spin class. Independently find out this parameter is not possible, because the test is carried out by the manufacturer with two different washing machines (from the manufacturer and the reference. a special equipment Wascator, which is created to determine the washing and spin class). The consumer in this case, the only thing left to do is to study the documentation of the appliance.According to the results of such tests, the manufacturers have made a classification of washing and spinning quality.Noise levelTo avoid distracting the sound of the washing machine from other things, when choosing a machine, you should give preference to equipment with low noise level. This parameter is positively influenced by: In addition, before buying, you can clarify with the seller, whether the machine has devices to reduce vibration and noise.Spin speed Each washing machine spin speed is indicated on the panel. It varies from 400 to 1700 rpm depending on the model. According to the spin efficiency classes determine the spin speed.The higher the spin class and spin speed, the drier the clothes can be obtained after washing. and more modern washing machines are being equipped with additional features to make your life easier. These include drying, steam treatment, drum cleaning and automatic weighing.The washing machine with this feature saves a lot of time. you don’t have to wait for the laundry to be washed, hung out, and dried. As soon as the washing programme is finished, dry clothes can be removed and stored in the cupboard.However, you should be prepared for the fact that appliances with this function will consume more electricity, and the purchase will cost more.Steam treatmentThe steam function in the washing machine is designed to clean dirty clothes more effectively and gently. In addition, such a treatment allows you to get rid of bacteria, and therefore, is especially useful for washing children’s clothes. The benefits of steam treatment also include the absence of creases on clothes after washingCleaning the drumThe drum cleaning function can be useful for a long life of the appliance and easier maintenance. Any washing machine needs regular cleaning to prevent mold, bacterial growth, drying soap deposits and, eventually, breakage.Cleaning includes several steps. prewash “idle”, main wash, double rinse and spin.Automatic weighingTo avoid overloading the machine and to correctly calculate the amount of powder for the weight of the laundry, the automatic weighing function is especially useful.Counting works as follows: after closing the door, the machine, filled with laundry, draws water and scrolls it until it is completely soaked. Meanwhile, a special device monitors the volume of incoming water and analyzes the data, giving the result on the display. The slower the water draws in, the more items are in the drum.The peculiarity of such units is that if the weight of the laundry exceeds the norm, the washing process will not begin.ManufacturerNow in the market of washing machines you can meet many different manufacturers, who offer equipment for every taste.The most popular include:Opinions of specialistsSpecialists in repairing washing machines recommend adhering to some recommendations on the choice of household appliances to wash things comfortably and efficiently:

Fuzzy logic washing

Any washing machine has a standard set of programs and a few (or many) additional ones. But sometimes it can be hard to find the right one. Engineers thought and decided that if a person can not make the right choice, then. it should do the machine. That’s how washing machines got their “brains”. the intelligent Fuzzy logic system. It was developed and first used by Whirlpool. And now there are almost every modern washing machine.

Intelligent system controls and optimizes all phases of the washing machine. It can decide by itself how to wash, at what temperature and in what mode. To do this, it uses the data from sensor sensors that determine the water hardness, weight of the loaded laundry, how dirty it is, and more. Having received the necessary information, Fuzzy logic analyses it and selects the optimal cycle parameters.

Candy Hoover Group also taught the machine to “think” by incorporating an NFC module. The principle of the technology is to exchange data between the washing machine and a smartphone. For this purpose, a special app is loaded onto the phone (it must have an NFC chip). All the user has to do is enter three parameters into the app (type of items, their color, the degree of soiling). It selects the optimal parameters and sends them to the washing machine. To do this, you need to attach the gadget to the special mark on the control panel.

With technology like NFC and Fuzzy logic it is simply impossible to miscalculate the washing mode.

Intensive rinse

If you have sensitive skin or are allergic, it is worth paying extra for the intensive laundry rinse option. When switched on, it provides an additional number of rinse cycles. for example, instead of three times the laundry is rinsed seven times. This program is very relevant for those who have skin allergic reactions to detergent. At the end of each rinse cycle, the centrifuge is activated and the remaining detergent is completely removed.

CHIP recommends: washing machine with an intensive rinse

Please note that it must be an intensive rinse and not a secondary rinse. It can also be called “super rinse”. The machine, which simply has an extra rinse button, allows you to manually add just one extra cycle after the main rinse is complete.

Type of drive

The machine uses an actuator to spin the drum when washing. It comes in only two varieties:

  • Belt drive. Was manufactured in the machines of Soviet times. Today, as a rule, is used in devices of the lower price bracket. The transfer of rotational energy is carried out with the help of a belt. Unreliable, can cause repair problems in the event of wear or malfunction.
  • Direct drive. Relatively new. LG company was one of the first to produce such machines. The technology consists in the association of a drum and motor in a single system, so there are no extra moving parts, which means that there is nothing to break. In addition, such a system allows the machine to work more quietly.

The principle of the washing machine

In the market of household appliances, there are two types of washing machines: frontal and vertical. Let us analyze how the parts in each type of machine function.

What is a drum for in a washing machine?

In a washing machine, an important part, and the very center of the technique, is the drum designed to load dirty laundry. When the program is set and the user starts the machine, the drum begins circular movements, the laundry is lowered into the water, which penetrates through many small holes. Once in the powder hopper, the laundry detergent mixes with the water, forming a soapy solution. Things are washed mechanically in the drum. The process is similar to hand washing, only the machine method does not require any action on your part.

Important! There should be no foreign metal parts and other things in the drum. If a foreign object falls into the machine, it can damage the drum. Repair will cost you a lot of money.

How the drum affects the operation of the machine

The tank is an important part of the washing machine, located around the drum. Different models of machines have tanks made of enameled or stainless steel, as well as plastic. The tank is designed to collect water, while the drum is an actively rotating part, necessary for the movement of laundry. This is the principle of the automatic washing machine when washing.

Front-loading type washing machines are designed for loading laundry through the side door. Articles are loaded through the top cover of vertical machines.

Additional Tesla washing machine features

Interesting! According to statistics, the most durable tanks are considered to be made of stainless steel. With careful use, compliance with all the rules and regular maintenance, the machine with a stainless steel tank will last for many years.

Laundry rinsing and drain system

The essence of the rinse is to wash away the detergents.

If you are sensitive to “chemicals”, choose the extra rinse function.

What is the principle of the machine while rinsing the laundry?

  • The programmer signals to the drain pump to pump out the dirty, soapy wastewater.
  • Waste water completely escapes from the tank.
  • Rinsing starts with clean water inlet, but no powder is added.
  • Water starts to flow into the tank and the drum rotates.
  • When the rinse ends, the water leaves the tank through the drain system.

Spin speed

The scheme of work of automatic washing machine in the process of spinning is very simple:

  • The drum starts rotating at extremely high speed.
  • Centrifugal force causes the cloths to adhere to the drum walls.
  • Water exiting the laundry flows into the tank through the drum holes.
  • The pump pumps the water into the drain.

Important! Spin speed is controlled by the number of drum revolutions. Want to get your laundry dry? Set the spin speed to maximum.

features, need, washing, machine

Spinning is noisy and active. Massive stones in the body of the automatic washer and dryer (counterweights) dampens vibrations during the spin cycle. Depending on the spin speed, it can range anywhere from 200 to 1,200 rpm. For example, if you select delicates, you would see that the spin speed is set to low or off. The spin speed is the fastest possible for delicate items. Keep in mind that you need to select the spin speed before you start the wash.

features, need, washing, machine

Washing is finished

When all the above-mentioned washing steps have been completed and the spin function has kicked in, you can consider the washing process complete. Before doing so, the drum rotates several times to distribute the laundry evenly. Stopping the machine notifies the user that the washing process is over. Open the hatch only after pressing the “OFF” key.

Important! If you can not open the door, wait a few minutes to unlock the hatch lock.

Here is an interesting video

Useful functions and modes of washing machines: what to do

Of course, when choosing a washing machine, the first thing you should pay attention to are its main characteristics. We’ve already explained in great detail what spin classes, energy classes, and washing classes are in the appropriate article. In the same place, in a separate section, it was mentioned the standard noise level for modern devices.

The second thing you should pay attention to when choosing a washing machine. are, of course, the programs and functions it has. How often do we buy a device with 24 modes, most of which turn out to be useless in practice? But now you will know which programs will be useful and which ones will just weigh on your wallet (in fact, do not forget, every extra feature. that’s a few hundred dollars more to the price of the device).

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features, need, washing, machine

By selecting one of the programs on the electronic control panel of the washing machine, you can set the number of revolutions per minute, the number of rinses and the desired washing temperature. At the same time, the device makes sure that the settings correspond to the optimal ones for the type of fabric you have chosen, and in case of a significant error (which can lead to insufficient washing quality or mechanical damage to the laundry) it makes the required adjustments.

In modern washing machines incorporated only three or four basic programs, the same for all models and intended for specific types of fabric, and several optional additional modes, which vary depending on the manufacturer, price and size of the product. The four basic programs may have different names, but the principle is the same:

  • Washing wool items at water temperature up to 40 ° C;
  • Washing of delicate, fine fabrics at temperatures up to 40 ° C;
  • Washing of colored and synthetic items, temperature. up to 60 ° C;
  • Washing clothes made of cotton and linen, the recommended temperature. at up to 95°C.

The owners of expensive, advanced models with a choice of modes, as a rule, can not “bother” at all. For example, Whirlpool washing machines have an intelligent technology “6th sense” and are equipped with sensors that record the weight of the loaded laundry. The owner of such a device only needs to select the type of fabric, and the display will show the information about the washing temperature, drum speed and estimated time required for cleaning the items, prescribed by the machine for these conditions.

The electronic control panel of the washing machine (note the temperature modes and the value of revolutions per minute. rpm)

But to achieve effective, high-quality and economical washing of laundry in most devices from the budget and medium price range still requires from you some knowledge. About the many subtleties we told in the article “30 practical tips on how to avoid washing machine breakdown”, but you can read about what modes are designed for what, right now.

Additional programs

It is they allow the user to choose the best type of laundry for his conditions, well clean laundry from special fabrics or fabrics with special care requirements, prevent crumpling, wash extremely dirty items or, conversely, just freshen up clean enough clothes. It’s the extra modes that allow the industrious housewife to minimize detergent costs. However, each new feature, of course, also increases the price of washing machines, so the stick, as always, is about two ends, and to choose the device should be based only on the presence in it of the most necessary programs, without paying attention to their total number.

Which programs tend to be useful?? Well, that’s easy.

“Prewash.”. is necessary for very dirty laundry. Before the actual washing process, the cloths will be soaked in a washing solution for about two hours at a temperature of 30°C. This will help the dirt to separate more easily, and then there is no need to exert strong mechanical action on the fabric, which could damage it.

“Intensive wash.”. On the contrary, it allows to remove stubborn stains (such as fruit or wine stains) rather quickly without wasting time. To do this, the laundry is washed at a higher temperature and higher drum speed. It is possible to use bleach or stain removers. Of course, things don’t like this kind of treatment much.

“Quick wash.”. Despite a similar name to the previous program, it is responsible for washing not particularly dirty laundry. It is used mainly to freshen, rinse clothes. Saves up to 40% of time. and that’s the only thing this mode might be used for. There are no other pluses, and energy consumption, in terms of washing quality, is quite significant.

“Hand wash”. is used for a gentle and gentle cleansing of the fabric. The machine does even more gentle washing than you would do by hand: the drum only jiggles and pauses for long periods of time between rotations, so there is minimal mechanical stress on your clothes. This same mode is sometimes called the “delicate fabrics program”.

The pictograms on the washing machine: crease protection, extra rinse and quick wash

“Daily Wash.”. designed to refresh your clothes after a long day at work. The drum is loaded about halfway, and items are washed for no more than 40 minutes at 30 ° C. Mode is very similar to the “quick wash”, it is often the same button on the device.

“Economy wash”. is performed at a low temperature and low drum speed. It increases the washing time, but saves energy, water and detergents.

“Extra rinse”. A program that includes a second rinse cycle to freshen laundry and flush out detergent residues.

Description of the main washing modes in the machine

Different brands of machines have functions with a different set of features. But all manufacturers provide three basic types of modes:

  • The first type includes programs that allow you to adjust the process depending on the type of laundry.
  • The second group are the economy programs, allowing you to reduce the washing time. When you use them, you will save on water and electricity consumption.
  • The third group. functions to take care of health. These include: laundry for allergic people, disinfecting and others.

In the table below there is a description of all the programs, what they differ and what they are for.

Basic (standard) modes

To wash heavily soiled cotton, linen and bedclothes.

Four temperature settings for different items: 30, 40, 60, 90-95 degrees. For example, white fabrics can wash at high temperature, but coloured fabrics can wash at over 40°C.

Deepest in time, it has four rinses, as delicate natural fabrics absorb more moisture and are tastier to rinse. The rinses are performed in cold water.

Manual and delicate programs are slightly different. If the garment label indicates “Hand wash”, the drum in this mode will gently and slowly rotate at a temperature of 30-40 degrees.

The ECO-programme washes laundry at a low temperature. Saves up to 40% of electricity. In Asko machines it can be “Economy/Efficiency”, in Samsung. ECO.

Time saving (AEG) gives you half the cycle time.

The mini-program lasts only 20 to 30 minutes. Lets you freshen up new or lightly soiled clothes. Different models have different names: Мielе. “New Stuff”, Gorenje, Ariston, Indesit, Whirlpool. “Daily Wash”, Аsco. “Express Wash”, Samsung. QUICKWASH.

Additional modes

Guarantees the gentle care of woollens and cashmere items. When the amount of water is low, the drum jiggles slightly. This programme prevents the formation of lint and prevents the cloths from shrinking.

In different brands of CMA the program may be called:

Immediately at low temperatures, the prewash starts. We recommend the use of bio-powders which thoroughly remove stubborn stains.

It is also called “Hygiene”, “Hypoallergenic”, “Super Rinse”. In some models, the mode provides for washing at 60 degrees for 30 minutes. Due to this allergens are killed. Before you set the program, look at the label of the clothes.

Intelligent Functions

Variety of programs: LOGIC CONTROL, INTELLO-WASHER, PROLOGIKAL, EISY LOGIC, DIALOGIC.

This means that the washer is equipped with a control board that analyzes the type and weight of the laundry, the water hardness. Then selects similar washing methods for the next time.

The secrets of washing modes

The hottest wash modes are cotton/linen, or those that focus on baby items with boiling water (90-95 degrees). However, most washing machines use these modes for washing rather heavily soiled items of clothing and linen (e.g. men’s shirts, T-shirts, as well as towels and bedding). It should be noted that it is on modes, aimed at washing natural fabrics, multiple rinses are used, as well as spinning at high speed. This is due to the fact that the powder is rather poorly rinsed out of them, and the fabrics themselves are very hygroscopic.

One of the popular models of washing machines, distinguished by the wealth of washing programs is the Eurosoba 1100 Sprint Plus. It has not only all the “default” programs, but also special modes. for example, for jeans, down and sports clothes. In addition, there is a bioenzyme phase, allowing active use of enzyme detergents, which are excellent for washing any protein stains, such as blood, chocolate, etc.

Before you buy

it is worth mentioning that, in addition to all other technical characteristics, an important role in the selection of the machine is to give its design. This device will almost always be on view (except for built-in models), and almost always bought “for a long time. Therefore, if at the stage of purchase you will be something annoying in its design and ergonomics. such a washing machine worth rejecting. The same goes for the noise properties. It is worth understanding that the claimed “noiselessness” of the machine by marketers is always a relative concept. Depending on the manufacturer and model, washing machines can make noise in the range from 40 to 80 dB. A normal conversation level of a human being is about 40 dB, so all machines lower than 70 dB can be called comfortable.

If you already have, or in the future face the problem of systematic washing in bulk, it is better to choose a machine with a higher loading capacity. To buy on plenty of buttons, controllers and functions “just in case” is not worth it. It would be logical to choose the functionality that will be useful for you today and tomorrow, without overpaying for something that will be needed a couple of times a year. However, it is important not only to select the right machine, but also to use it correctly. Instructions for use can be easily found in the instructions supplied with the machine, but a few universal rules are worth remembering for everyone:

It is important to always sort the laundry and load the drum of the washing machine, depending on the washing program, 100%.

To avoid blockages in the drain pump, before every washing unzip the s and check for hairpins, brooches and badges. An unfortunate set of circumstances, and one small metal thing can put the entire machine out of commission. Small and delicate items (bras, blouses, etc.).п.) it is worth washing in special bags: that way you prevent small objects (buttons, clasps, bones) from getting into the cavity between the tank and the drum, which, in turn, can block the movement of the drum and lead to a complete stop of the machine. Duvet covers and pillowcases should be washed inside out to clean out lint from the seams.

Use the correct detergent for each load. whites are washed with the universal detergent, colors with detergent for coloured fabrics, woollens with detergent for woollens. Determine the right amount of detergent for your clothes, the amount of laundry and the water hardness.

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