What radiators to choose for a private house

The choice of heating batteries for a private home

The most optimal (and often the only) solution for providing the house with heat looks like an autonomous heating system, which does not depend on the central gas and water supply. Therefore, all the work processes associated with the design, installation and maintenance of heating units and assemblies must be done yourself. and draw the pipes, and install a heating boiler and install radiators, choosing the best of the existing.

Choosing batteries for your home

Aluminum radiator

Widely used for the design of the heating system in a private home. They became popular due to their design and high thermal capacity. The cost of such radiators depends on the manufacturing company.

Cheaper radiators will cost domestic manufacturers, but after reading consumer reviews, you should give preference to foreign counterparts, but their price is much higher.

When choosing an aluminum radiator for the localized system of your own home, it is necessary to adhere to a list of very important conditions for selection and operation:

  • Radiator made of aluminum is the most susceptible to the circulating liquid. It is required to strictly comply with the necessary level of acidity of water, otherwise such radiators will become unusable in a few years;
  • Aluminum radiators have a threaded connection. which increases the risk of leakage;
  • High thermal capacity of aluminum radiators has a downside. When radiators are heated, the warm air flow rises up very quickly, resulting in a temperature difference, between the floor and the ceiling.

But aluminum radiators have undoubted advantages:

  • Relatively low weight, which makes it possible to mount on walls of plasterboard;
  • Rather aesthetic appearance
  • Availability of special taps to regulate the temperature.

Relatively low price, good design and instant heat transfer. this is the secret of the popularity of aluminum radiators.

These are quite acceptable radiators for the heating system in a private home. Observing strictly the norms of selection and use, such radiators will heat your comfortable home for a long time.

Types of radiators for apartments and their features

The following types of radiators are widely represented in Russia:

Bimetallic radiators

Aluminum radiators

Steel panel radiators

Cast iron radiators

Tubular steel

The room and the frequency of operation

Unlike an apartment with a central heating system, a private home has an autonomous or closed heating system. In practice, this has both advantages:

The most common mistake of private house owners is to fully trust the builders in the organization of the heating system. Unfortunately, not all of them have a high level of competence, and often builders have a superficial knowledge of heating.

The design and installation of the heating system should be dealt with by special engineering companies, which are professionals in this matter and are aware of current trends in the market.

If you decide to go into the matter yourself, this article will tell you how to choose radiators for a private home.

A little about the coolant in the radiators

There are two types of coolant for radiators: water and antifreeze. By water, as a rule, we mean distilled water, purified of various impurities. Non-freezing coolant also differs in composition: based on glycerin, ethylene glycol and propylene glycol.

If you live in the house rarely, do not go there in the winter and turn off the electricity, then you can not use water as a coolant. Otherwise in the first frosts your radiators and the whole heating system will fail with very sad consequences. Therefore it is necessary to use antifreeze.

If you plan to live in the house all the time and you do not have critical power outages, then use distilled water: This will provide maximum service life of any radiator. It is not necessary to drain the water during the entire service life of radiators.

Progress is not standing still and heating equipment manufacturers have taken care of today and those who want to use water, but do not live in the house all the time. It is enough to install a GSM device that allows you to control the heating remotely, via SMS-commands or an application on your phone. This is the area of “smart home” technology. There are simple devices that inform you when the system is defrosting, and there are advanced devices that allow you to directly change the temperature, pressure and other parameters of the system. True, in the case of a power outage, you will still have to drop everything and quickly go to the house to start the generator and connect the heating system to it until the power is given.

Pros and cons of bimetal

As easy to guess from the name, heating devices are made of two metals. silumin and steel. On the outside, the batteries are indistinguishable from the aluminum sections, but inside the manifolds and vertical ducts there are iron pipes welded together. Steel frame is designed to solve 2 problems:

  • Protection of the silumin parts from the chemical effects of the coolant in old centralized systems;
  • increasing radiator reliability by increasing the threshold of working pressure up to 2030 Atm.

For your reference. There are bimetallic models with double vertical channels made to improve water flow and heat exchange. Example. the line of Rifar SUPReMO batteries, shown in the photo below.

For other technical characteristics, bimetal does not differ much from aluminum. the power of 1 section, weight and capacity are almost the same. Operational advantages of the radiators also remain, but there are a couple of drawbacks:

  • the price of batteries is higher by 30-50%, for example, the original bimetal section of the company Global Style Plus with interaxial spacing of 500 mm costs around 15 USD. е. (970 );
  • Due to the different thermal expansion coefficients of silumin and steel, the pipe core can burst at the welded joints, to make repairs and seal up the leakage. unrealistic.

Important addition. On sale you can sometimes find incomplete bimetallic radiators with steel tubes, terminated only inside the collectors. The vertical channel of the section remains unprotected.

How to choose a heating radiator for the apartment

In order not to regret choosing a battery, it is important to carefully consider not only the types offered, but also the factors that will affect their performance. These can include:

  • Functional pressure. In the characteristics you will find items with working and testing, but it is the functional that is important for you, because it must be higher than the others. This is because without measurements you can not know exactly what will be the average pressure in your heating system: for old Khrushchev houses this parameter varies between 6-8 atm, and for new houses. 10-12.
  • Resistance to water hammer. No matter how much the manufacturers and articles on the Internet frighten you, strong hydrostrokes are not such a frequent problem, it largely depends on the work of the utilities. However, if you heard clicks or humming from the old radiator in preparation for the heating season, it is better to choose a new one with a high margin of safety.
  • Resistant to poor water quality. In our country, the heat carrier is not of high quality, regardless of whether the house is new or old. For apartment buildings, it is optimal to use models of radiators with a thick wall and a protective layer, which will be able to endure constant friction due to the hard particles.
  • Heat transfer performance. It is this parameter that determines how warm it will be in your room.
  • Aesthetics. Design. a matter of taste, but do not limit yourself and take the “ugly” model just because it has good characteristics: always find the best analogue.
  • Operating time. You can not determine this parameter in advance, so it’s better to focus on what is listed in the data sheet.

The power of some popular samples:

Photo Model Features The average price
GLOBAL Style Plus 500 Manufacturer GLOBAL Heat output 185 W Depth 95 mm Width 80 mm Height 575 mm 6100
Apriori BM500 Manufacturer Apriori Heat output 184 W Weight 1.6 kg Depth 80 mm Width 80 mm Height 562 mm 2800
Evolution WB500 Manufacturer Evolution Heat output 180 W Weight 1.64 kg Depth 80 mm Width 80 mm Height 560 mm 2850
Rifar Base Manufacturer Rifar Heat output 204 W Weight 1.92 kg Depth 100 mm Width 79 mm Height 570 mm 4700
GLOBAL VOX. R 500 Manufacturer GLOBAL Heat output 195 W Depth 95 mm Width 80 mm Height 590 mm 6400
Oasis TL 500/70 Manufacturer Oasis Heat output 184 W Weight 0.7 kg Depth 70 mm Width 70 mm Height 570 mm 2200
Royal Thermo Revolution 500 Manufacturer Royal Thermo Heat output 189 W Weight 1.2 kg Depth 80 mm Width 80 mm Height 570 mm 2610
Dia Norm Delta Complet 3050 Manufacturer Dia Norm Heat output 2688 W Volume 39.84 l Depth 2400 mm Width 101 mm Height 500 mm 16000

These are the main parameters that you should pay special attention to when choosing a radiator model.

What radiator for heating is better to buy

As it is already clear from the presented review, the radiator can be vertical, horizontal, sectional or panel radiator made of steel, aluminum, bimetal (steel-aluminum), cast iron.

radiators, choose, private, house

Which of the nominees is better to choose, will prompt the following rating results:

  • The best Russian radiator with maximum operating water pressure. Rifar SUPReMO 500;
  • The best imported radiator, maximum guarantee of service. Global ISEO 500;
  • The most reliable performance model. Buderus Logatrend K-Profil 11 300;
  • Optimal quality-price ratio, high heat output. Konner Modern 500;
  • Attractive design and long service life. Retrostyle Windsor 500.

Rating is aimed at familiarizing with the leaders of the year 2021, and you should rely on the characteristics of the room where you will install the heater, the required parameters of power, pressure, temperature, protection, and most importantly, the available budget for the purchase.

Rules of installation of radiators

When choosing the location and installation of radiators, follow simple rules:

  • Place the radiator under the window.
  • The length of the battery must be more than half the length of the window opening.
  • If the room is corner, it is allowed to install several radiators along the outer wall.
  • Place the heating riser in a corner, so the walls will not turn black.

When choosing radiators, focus on the technical characteristics and the cost of the device, as well as a well-established brand. This way you will choose the best option for your home.

Do electric radiators use a lot of electricity?. Electric panel heaters vs oil filled radiators

How the parameter affects the choice of radiators

In heating systems in private homes, coolants most often circulate under low pressure. This causes the need for additional equipping of the system with circulation pumps. But also gives the big advantage, reducing intensity of operation of pipes and tanks of radiators. And this significantly increases the life of these elements of the system.

Radiator selection / sizing.

When the system is not subject to water hammer, it eliminates the need to install heavy-duty batteries. After all, in this case it is enough to install lightweight structures with thin walls, and they have high heat transfer characteristics.

Communications have a minimum length

Unlike multi-storey buildings, in a private home the coolant will pass a minimal distance from the boiler to the radiator. Obviously, in this case the heat loss is reduced to a minimum. Therefore it is advisable to buy batteries that are designed to operate with high temperature coolant.

Small volume of coolant used in the system

Short length of communications gives another advantage. a relatively small volume of water to be poured into the system. This makes it possible to qualitatively clean the coolant, and therefore. to ensure protection of the inner surface of the radiator from the impact of abrasive particles. You can also partially replace water with antifreeze or ethanol.

The number of square meters in a private home is usually greater than this parameter in a conventional apartment. And this means that you will have to heat significant volumes of air. Therefore, when choosing the best radiator model, you should proceed from the proportion “heating/costs” and look for the best ratio.

radiators, choose, private, house

Comparison of batteries for private homes

In order to understand what radiators are better to choose for heating a private house, you can make a small comparative analysis, assessing the advantages and problematic places of each type:

Pros and cons of radiators made of different materials

Separately consider the technical parameters of heating batteries of different types and the possibility of their installation in a private home:

Low (except for the original decorative models)

Thus, the question of what is the best radiators for heating the country house, we can answer that based on material, practical considerations and convenience in installation the choice should be made in favor of aluminum or steel batteries, which have many advantages and have a small price. Also, to understand what radiators are better to choose in a private home, will help you video.


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radiators, choose, private, house
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