Underfloor heating under linoleum: installation and installation details
The water heating floors are deservedly considered the least expensive option on the expense of operation. The desire to save money encourages owners of private homes to consider linoleum as a floor covering.
This combination is quite acceptable, but when installing the system and the choice of flooring should take into account a number of important nuances. If the installation of the system and the coating is done correctly, water underfloor heating under linoleum is an excellent choice for the house.
Important features of the thermal regime
In principle, it is not necessary to have special knowledge and understand the properties of the material in order to choose linoleum for underfloor heating. Manufacturers of coatings themselves will tell you whether their products can be used for underfloor heating or not. How? Through marking.
The permissible heating temperature is also indicated next to the marking. you must comply with it. For Marmoleum limiting temperature is about 27 ° C, above this limit, its surface begins to soften, melt, tear. Vinyl linoleum can heat up to 29-30°C, after which it may bulge, warp, or lose color. It is also almost certain to ask for output phenols and all sorts of unpleasant gases. To maintain the required temperature of the floor heating you will need to buy a quality thermostat, which will automatically maintain the set mode.
You do not need special skills in the field of construction to choose a quality linoleum. All the necessary information is specified in the manual, so when buying the material you need to know if there is permission to combine a warm floor and a given floor covering. Information can also be present in the labeling, which also indicates the optimal temperature for heating linoleum. Exceeding the permissible value can cause damage to the product.
The suitability of linoleum for underfloor heating
Linoleum based on PVC can withstand high temperatures, more precisely up to 30°C. But this does not give a 100% guarantee that the material will not deteriorate. Therefore, to control the temperature of the floor heating, you need to buy a special device. a thermostat. It is desirable to buy digital products, since their quality is higher. Thanks to this device, the set temperature mode will be maintained automatically.
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What is the best linoleum for underfloor heating on the characteristics
For a warm floor, try to choose a linoleum of less thickness, but high strength. There is a domestic thin linoleum, it is better not to use for underfloor heating, it has low durability and can quickly wear out. Try to choose a linoleum thickness of 2 mm or 3 mm.
Also pay attention to the base and substrate linoleum. It is desirable that the linoleum for underfloor heating did not have a substrate, and the base was thin, this is also important for thermal conductivity.
The width of linoleum for underfloor heating is flexible, but it doesn’t affect how well it works. You can choose from 5m, 4m, or 1m wide linoleum.5 meters if you choose coverage, for example, for the corridor.
Linoleum class try to choose as high as possible. Linoleum 44 class as strong as possible, but for the living room it makes no sense to use, for warm floors, you can choose linoleum 43. 31 class.
Some types of linoleum work with electricity, about this below, if you have this type of floor heating it is worthwhile to take anti-static linoleum.
Photo of the designation of linoleum for underfloor heating
Most types of linoleum available are suitable for underfloor heating, so manufacturers do not pay much attention to labeling. Nevertheless, you can find a label which says that the linoleum is suitable for underfloor heating. There is no uniform standard for labeling, so the manufacturer can specify any sign that makes it clear that the linoleum can be used for underfloor heating.
for linoleum for underfloor heating
As we have already found out, for a warm floor is suitable for normal, standard linoleum, which does not have any significant differences, so the are the same. The only thing is to take a high-quality, and therefore expensive linoleum known manufacturers such as Tarkett (Tarkett), Juteks (Juteks), IVC. If you can not buy linoleum at a high price, you can explore the offers of online stores. Many arrange sales and you can buy linoleum for underfloor heating quite cheaply. You can also explore all the possible for linoleum, both per square meter and per roll.
Types of linoleum
In order for linoleum to last a long time, you need to understand what type is suitable for installation on the floor with electric or water heating. Among the most common on the market you can find 4 types of linoleum:
- Rubber. two-layer material, which includes rubber, bitumen and synthetic rubber. This option is not suitable for living quarters and, especially, for a warm floor, as it deforms when heated.
- Colloxylin is a thin one-layer material with good moisture resistance. From the disadvantages. it is easily flammable, it is not suitable for an electric floor.
- Alkyd. material with a fabric base, excellent thermal insulation properties. But it is sensitive to heat and loses its original shape as a result.
- Vinyl (PVC). the most popular type of roll coverings due to its affordability. Has a fabric base, which can retain heat and slightly reduce the effectiveness of electric heating elements.
- Natural (marmoleum). the most environmentally safe. It is distinguished by its fire resistance, durability, resistance to deformation. Of the disadvantages. more expensive than other types.
What kind of underfloor heating is better for linoleum?
Linoleum is a soft and thin product, even the one that is designed to be placed in the construction of underfloor heating. And under the influence of temperature, the material is even softer, and after a while, you can see the prints of furniture legs.
In addition, swelling of the surface may occur. In addition, this floor covering is recommended to stack only on a flat and smooth plane.
These features of the product requires compliance with a number of rules for installation and operation:
As mentioned above, linoleum can not be laid on a too hot surface, and on the floor without a rigid substrate. Therefore, according to experts, the most successful type for linoleum is a water-heated flooring poured even concrete-cement screed.
Cable mats with a substrate of particle board, also have the right to exist. A screed or plywood, will soften the effects of thermal energy on the coating and create a surface without sagging.
It is worth noting that the water devices are inert, as they gradually heat up, and just as slowly give up the heat, so there are no sudden temperature jumps, and this has a positive effect on the appearance of linoleum in use.
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Infrared underfloor heating is not a bad option, their gentle mode preserves the properties of linoleum and its appearance. They are especially recommended in cases where the use of water heating is not possible due to the severity of the structure or low ceilings, as well as in the arrangement of floors with heating under the linoleum in multi-storey buildings.
Summing up, we can say that there is no simple answer, what is the best heating floor for linoleum, with a water loop or running from an electrical network. Choosing, it is necessary to start not only from the features of the heating device, but also from the characteristics of the room.
Can I put linoleum on the floor heating?
During the arrangement of the entire room, many people want to create a warm floor in order to enjoy comfort and coziness in the future and save their money. This design has many advantages, but there are also disadvantages. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account certain rules and nuances. Not every floor covering will be suitable for one or another type of this heating system.
Linoleum is quite rarely used for underfloor heating. Why? Because many people have the opinion that this flooring when heated emits substances that can be harmful to human health. Such harmful substances are phenol, vinyl chloride and other. It is a possibility, but certain conditions must be met.
Harmful substances will begin to be released if only the flooring material is cheap or the owner himself does not comply with the required temperature regime. If you make your choice in favor of quality material, linoleum for warm floors will not be worse than ceramic tiles. Flooring is perfectly suited to this material.
Consider: will linoleum fit on a warm water heating floor?
Underfloor heating under linoleum
When carrying out repair work, quite often there is the idea of organizing a warm floor. Because this kind of flooring has a lot of advantages, but it also has some disadvantages. It is necessary to understand all the features of such a repair solution. Especially since the use of underfloor heating with different types of floor coverings has its own nuances, which should be taken into account. If you need to know about such a solution as a floor heating under the linoleum. reviews posted below, on this page, may be just right for you. Definitely, among the experiences of other people you can find and learn a lot of important points for yourself. If you have your own experience of using a heated floor, please also leave a review.
Our family (husband, me and three children) lives in our house. Recently we had a son, who will soon begin to crawl. I had to think about how to crawl on the floor it was not cold. Of the various options we have chosen warm water floors, they can be installed under a variety of surfaces. We put linoleum of semicommercial type, which is approved as a coating for underfloor heating.
Leveled the surface of the floor, put insulation material on it, and then a flexible pipe (heated water flows in it). We use a gas boiler. this is a big advantage, t. к. We don’t wait for seasonal turn-on. turning off the general heating. The water temperature of the floor heating is controlled by the gas boiler. Installing the water floor didn’t cost a lot of money. The linoleum surface was left smooth. The floors are heated evenly, the electricity is not consumed. My husband, children and I are happy that my feet are warm.
After five years of living in a new apartment, I finally decided to change the floor in it. Having heard about the development of technology home comfort, I decided that I will remove the old linoleum in the kitchen, and instead put an infrared underfloor heating and new linoleum on top. this material is convenient for such a room, where you can accidentally spill a plate of borscht.
I had a layer of infrared flooring installed by professionals. The very next day, I laid the brand new linoleum myself and had the whole system tested. The surface of the floor did heat up pretty quickly.
In happy ignorance, I lived for about a couple of months until the linoleum began to warp a little. To figure it out, I had to move all the furniture again and remove the affected flooring. I probably made a big mistake by immediately putting linoleum on the infrared flooring. it heated up too much, and as it cooled down, it would warp. Maybe I should have put more plywood between the underfloor heating and the linoleum, but then I would have had to use more electricity to heat it all up.
As a result, I never could give up the infrared layer (and it’s a shame when I’ve already bought it), so the linoleum was sent to the cottage, and I put laminate on the insulation, which heats faster without bad consequences. But all this history has cost me a pretty penny, and the electricity bill itself, consumed by an infrared miracle, is quite large. However, if in principle you have chosen a warm floor, then the option with laminate flooring is the most economical and at the same time effective.
The need to install underfloor heating in our house has matured for a long time. And to take this step we decided our neighbors, who vied with each other in extolling the comfort and safety of installing a heated floor under the linoleum.
Since I was quite far from this subject, I put linoleum semicommercial type on the mounted heated floor. And for almost a year it is lying on the heated floor. But it should be noted, since we bought linoleum with the intention of installing it on a warm floor, we tried to choose a floor covering of small thickness with a special pictograph that allows installing it on a warm floor.
When my husband and I wanted to change the linoleum in the kitchen, we wondered whether we should install underfloor heating?
The first thing we did was to go to the store to see the salespeople. But they didn’t know much about it themselves. Then we decided to poke around on construction forums on the Internet. And then we met with sharply negative opinion of the forum participants about laying under the linoleum.
Their arguments, I summarized, and this is what came out:
You need high-quality linoleum, which means that it is very expensive.
Same cheap can go “accordion”, bloat, change color.
On linoleum for TP should be a special mark (in our city we have not found one).
If the temperature will exceed 28 degrees, the linoleum can release harmful substances, become soft, etc. д.
It is necessary to put a thermostat for the radiator.
This information is not satisfactory to me. Started calling friends and acquaintances.
To be honest. under the linoleum electric underfloor heating made only one family. And their opinion was sharply negative. While they did not turn on the heating (it was summer). everything was fine. It looked good, it was a pleasure to walk on, and the linoleum lay flat.
When they started using heating, the problems started. On the coating remained marks from everything. from the feet of furniture, from the toys the child played with, from heels. In some places, the linoleum is even warped.
In the end, as a friend said, we could hardly wait until spring to remove and throw away the coverage. it was not suitable for further use. They replaced the linoleum with tile. and they didn’t regret it!
After talking with my husband, we decided to refuse linoleum and replace it with tile. And they didn’t regret it. Of course, that’s just our opinion. Someone has a positive experience. Well, we wrote about our search for the best option for us.
I am an experienced builder and have a long time engaged in repairing apartments and houses. Very often, customers are asked to mount in some of their rooms so-called “warm floor”. a special device for heating the floor and create a favorable and comfortable microclimate in their rooms.
If the device of this kind of flooring under the ceramic tile is as simple as possible, then the installation of a warm floor under the linoleum coating has some certain nuances. They are primarily due to the fact that linoleum, as a very sensitive and relatively soft material itself needs a perfectly flat base for laying.
That is one of his fat disadvantages for any options for warm floors, produced by foreign and domestic industry in a sufficiently diverse range. In other words, the inconvenience is determined by the need to mount an additional even and simultaneously solid surface (such as OSB or fiberboard boards) on top of the heating mats. However, comfort requires a lot of money, but it is well worth it in the future.
After trying a certain number of different options, I settled on CALEO floor heating models. reliable and high-quality films, equally cost-neutral and quite suitable for customers with any repair budget. The choice is fully justified. the customer gets exactly the variant that he imagined, while subsequently significantly saving money on paying for the coolant and has a healthy microclimate, combined with the aesthetic properties of the selected linoleum. That’s the beauty of floor heating.
Watch this video on how to install this floor heating and tips on how to apply it to laminate and linoleum.
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Types of heating elements and peculiarities of their use
All three categories of heating systems are suitable for installing underfloor heating under linoleum: water, electric, and infrared. The differences concern the construction of the flooring as a whole and the complexity of the installation.
Let’s take a closer look at the main categories of underfloor heating systems, united by the term “underfloor heating”.
The design is a set of tubes on which moves the hot water. It’s most often connected to the heating system. It is logical that in homes with central heating to install such a system is quite difficult, while for a private home is an inexpensive and practical option.
Having a gas boiler, you can install the floor heating along with the entire heating system, and no electricity will be spent on its operation.
Consists of a heating cable enclosed between a solid flat base and a sand-cement screed. You can regulate the temperature with a thermostat.
The advantage is that the system does not depend on the work of the heating system, it can be used autonomously. Sometimes it is the only source of heat, for example, in the cool summer when the central heating in homes is off.
Electric system is less suitable for laying under the linoleum. The reasons relate to the design features and complexity of installation.
Thanks to the easy installation of the IR flooring is the best solution for laying under the linoleum. The thin elastic film does not steal the height, but at the same time it efficiently heats the whole room.
Unlike the electric system, it spends much less electricity, although its efficiency is much higher. The temperature of covering is established by means of thermostat that creates additional comfort.